1.9. Definition of Key Significant Terms
Specifically, any individual or group that enters into a binding agreement to provide specified goods or services; in the context of this study, a contractor is a construction company which undertakes to build a specified project for an agreed price and within an agreed timescale.
The people who will directly benefit from a project. A team executes a project with
The accomplishment of a given task measured against preset known standards of accuracy, completeness, cost, and speed. In a contract, performance is deemed to be the fulfillment of an obligation, in a manner that releases the performer from all liabilities under the contract.
A particular value or characteristic used to measure output or outcome. These are parameters useful for determining the degree to which an organization has achieved its goals. A quantifiable expression used to observe and track the status of a process. The operational information that is indicative of the performance or condition of a facility, group of facilities, or site.
A process of assessing progress toward achieving predetermined goals, including information on the efficiency with which resources are transformed into goods and services (outputs), the quality of those outputs (how well they are delivered to clients and the extent to which clients are satisfied) and outcomes (the results of a program activity compared to its intended purpose).
“A group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits and control not available from managing them individually. Programs may include elements of related work outside scope of the discrete projects in the program.” – PMBOK pg 368
Planned set of interrelated tasks to be executed over a fixed period and within certain cost and other limitations.
Project management is defined as an “application of knowledge, skills and techniques to execute projects effectively and efficiently (Project Management Institute, 1996). Project management concentrates on the strategic competency for organizations, to enable them to measure project results towards achieving planned organizational goals. specific attention to a clients requirements.
Rural roads primary function is to serve the needs of rural areas, sometimes linking those areas with the regional urban centers. Low traffic volumes are registered in the rural roads and they are usually simply constructed, graveled paved and without drainage. Rural roads are popular known as feeder routes in Africa.
1.10. Organization of the study
Chapter 1: Introduction
In this chapter the focus is on the following important aspects: Background of the study, statement of the problem, hypothesis, objectives, significance of the study, limitation of the study, research methodology, definition of concepts, as well as organization of the study.
Chapter 2: Literature review
This chapter provides attention on the history of road development in Ethiopia, theoretical review from different scholars, books, journals, articles, government documents and the internet, Empirical Evidence concerning the study as well as Conceptual frame work.
Chapter 3 : Research methodology
This chapter focuses on the research methodology that is used by the researcher when conducting the study. The chapter includes research design, data sources and types, data collection, target population, sampling design, sampling plan, sampling techniques, data analysis methods, tools and presentation. It has been also focused on validity and reliability of instruments and ethical issues.
Chapter 4: Presentation of results
This chapter presents the results obtained from the respondents by means of questionnaire from the sample provided. It also includes the demographic profile of respondents.
Chapter 5: Discussion of the result
This chapter discusses and interprets the findings obtained during the data collection and also contains the analysis of data and synthesis thereof.
Chapter 6: Conclusion and recommendations
The main aim of this chapter is to report on findings and make recommendations. It also links the main findings with the objectives of the study.