In the current era of online
processing, maximum of the information is online and prone to
To cyber threats. There are a
huge number of cyber threats and their behavior is difficult to
Early understanding hence difficult to restrict in the early phases of
the cyber-attacks. Cyber-
Attack may have some motivation behind it or it may be processed unknowingly.
These are processed knowingly can be considered as the cyber-crime
and they have a serious
Impacts over the society in the form of economical disrupt,
psychological disorder, threat to+
National defences etc. Restriction of cyber-crimes is dependent on
proper analysis of their behavior
And understanding of their impacts over various levels of society.
Therefore , the current man uscript
Provides the understanding of cyber-crimes.
‘cyber crime’ is a misnomer. This term has no where been defined in any
The concept of
cyber crime is not radically different from the conscept of conventional crime.
Conduct whether act
or omission,which causes breach of rules of law and counter balanced by the
Of the state.
Before evaluating the concept of cyber crime it is obvious that the
concept of conventional crime
Be discussed and the
points of similarty. The commonly accepted definition of cyber security is the
any computer data,
software program ,and data against unauthorized used disclouser,transfer,
accidental or intentional. Cyber attack can come from internal networks other
We discus bills that
have passed from the preliminary ,on August 11,2016 National Assembly passed
This bill have 50
amendments before its enforcement
Bill have 7 Chapters
51 Sections and 98 Clauses
Bill have 21 punishments
Imprisonment from 3 months to 14 years
Fine ranging from 5k to 50 M rupees
National Assembly Passes New Cyber Crime
On August 11, 2016, Pakistan’s lower house,the National
Assembly, passed a controvertial cyber crime law Prevention of
Electronic crimes Act, 2016. The sentate had unanimously
passed the law, with the number of amendments, in July. The
President gave his assent to the legislation on August 18,
2016. According to the act ,the purpose of the
Legislation is ‘to prevent unauthorized acts with respect to
information system and provide for
Offences as well as mechanisms for their investigation ,
prosecution ,trail and international
against information and data system,and Cyber-Terrorism.
The Act introduces a
range of offenses involving the unauthorized access copying , or interference
in an information system or data . (Id$$ 6-8)
The Act also introduce crimes of spamming and
of distributing and transmitting malicious code.
• Whoever with dishonest
intention and without authorization copies or transmit or cause to be
Imprisonment 100k rupee fine.
Whoever commit or threaten to
anyone under these offences include
1. Interference with or
damages, or causes to be interfered with or damaged.
2. Glorification of offence
3. Without authorization
copies or transmit or cause to be transmitted.
14 Years imprisonment
50 M rupee fine
Making Explicit Image or Videos of an Individual: up to Year
in Prison or up to Rs. 5 Million in Fine or both
Spreading False Information about an Indiviual: up to 3 Years
in prison or up to Rs.1 Million in Fine or both
Exampal : you know that info is fake and
you still post on any social site to fall down the reputation of that person
Cyber stalking : up to 3 Years in Jail or up to Rs.1 M fine of both
Example: You repeatedly call, someone, despite the other party asks
you to not to
You do something in a manner that other party is harassed out
of your action
Unauthorized interception: Up to 2 Years in Prison or Up to Rs.500000
in fine or both
Any transmission that is not intended to be and is not open
to the public,from or within an
Unauthorized access to information system or data
Unauthorized copying or transmission of data
Interference with information system or data
Glorification of an oggence
Making, obtaining, or supplying device for use in offence
Paistan Penal Code 1860
Unuthorized issuance of SIM CARDS ETC.
Though not all
people are victims to cyber crimes,they are still at risk. Crimes by computer
vary, and they do not always occure
behind the computer, but
they executed by computer. The
hacker’s identity is ranged between 12 years young to 67 years old.
Cyber crime is indeed getting the recognition it deserves. In fact,
it is highly likely that cyber crime and its hackers will continue
developing and upgrading to stay ahead of the law .So, to make us a
safer we must need cyber security
CriticiSM On Bill
Bill too harsh with punishment that do not fit.
Restrict freedom of expression and access to information.
The wording of bill leaves many clauses open to
Misused to target journalist source as well.
Mechanism for implementation are missing from this bill.
Athority have lot of powers to block any webite any time.