Site Loader

1.ABSTRACT:

          In the current era of online
processing, maximum of the information is online and  prone to

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

          
To cyber threats. There  are a
huge number of cyber threats and their behavior is difficult to

          
Early understanding hence difficult to restrict in the early phases of
the cyber-attacks.  Cyber-

         
Attack may have some motivation behind it or it may be processed unknowingly.
The attacks

        
These are processed knowingly can be considered as the cyber-crime
and  they have a serious

      
Impacts over the society in the form of economical disrupt,
psychological disorder, threat to+

    
National defences etc. Restriction of cyber-crimes is dependent on
proper analysis of their behavior

    
And understanding of their impacts over various levels of society.
Therefore , the current man uscript

    
Provides the understanding of cyber-crimes.

 

 

 

       2.INTRODUCTION:

                                 The term
‘cyber crime’ is a misnomer. This term has no where been defined in any
statute.

                            The concept of
cyber crime is not radically different from the conscept of conventional crime.
Both include

                            Conduct whether act
or omission,which causes breach of rules of law and counter balanced by the
sanction

                           Of the state.

     

                                                   
Before evaluating the concept of cyber crime it is obvious that the
concept of conventional crime

                           Be discussed and the
points of similarty. The commonly accepted definition of cyber security is the
protection

                           any computer data,
software program ,and data against unauthorized used disclouser,transfer,
modification,

                          distruction, wether
accidental or intentional. Cyber attack can come from internal networks other
private and

                           public system.

·      
Overview:

·        
We discus  bills that
have passed from the preliminary ,on August 11,2016 National Assembly passed
this bill.

·        
This bill have  50
amendments before its enforcement

·        
Bill have 7 Chapters

·        
51 Sections and 98 Clauses

·        
Bill have 21 punishments

·        
Imprisonment from 3 months to 14 years

·        
Fine ranging from 5k to 50 M rupees

 

 

3.Pakistan:
National  Assembly Passes New Cyber Crime
Law:

On August 11, 2016, Pakistan’s lower house,the National
Assembly, passed a controvertial cyber crime law Prevention of

Electronic crimes Act, 2016. The sentate had unanimously
passed the law, with the number of amendments, in July. The

President gave his assent to the legislation on August 18,
2016. According to the act ,the purpose of the

Legislation is ‘to prevent unauthorized acts with respect to
information system and provide for 
related

Offences as well as mechanisms for their investigation ,
prosecution  ,trail and international
coopration’

       

·     
Crimes
against information and data system,and Cyber-Terrorism.

The Act introduces a
range of offenses involving the unauthorized access copying , or interference
in an information system or data . (Id$$ 6-8)

 The Act also introduce crimes of spamming and
of distributing and transmitting malicious code.

•      Whoever with dishonest
intention and without authorization copies or transmit or cause to be
transmitted.

 

·       
Punishment

6 Months
Imprisonment 100k rupee fine.

 

Cyber Terrorism

·        
Whoever commit or threaten to
anyone under these offences include

1.      Interference with or
damages, or causes to be interfered with or damaged.

2.      Glorification of offence

3.      Without authorization
copies or transmit or cause to be transmitted.

 

·     
Punishment

1.      
14 Years imprisonment

2.      
 50 M rupee fine

 

·        
Making Explicit Image or Videos of an Individual: up to Year
in Prison or up to Rs. 5 Million in Fine or both

·        
Spreading False Information about an Indiviual: up to 3 Years
in prison or up to Rs.1 Million in Fine or both

Ø
Exampal : you know that info is fake and
you still post on any social site to fall down the reputation of that person

·      
Cyber stalking : up to 3 Years in Jail or up to Rs.1 M fine of both          

Ø 
Example: You repeatedly call, someone, despite the other party asks
you to not to

Ø 
You do something in a manner that other party is harassed out
of your action

Ø
 

 

·      
Unauthorized interception: Up to 2 Years in Prison or Up to Rs.500000
in fine or both

Ø
Any transmission that is not intended to be and is not open
to the public,from or within  an
information system

Ø 
Unauthorized access to information system or data

Ø 
Unauthorized copying or transmission of data

Ø 
Interference with information system or data

Ø 
Cyber terrorism

Ø 
Glorification of an oggence

Ø 
Electronic fraud

Ø 
Making, obtaining, or supplying device for use in offence

Ø 
Unuthorized interceprtion

Ø 
Malicious code

Ø 
Cyber syalking

Ø 
Spamming

Ø 
Spoofing

Ø 
Paistan Penal Code 1860

Ø 
Child pornography

Ø 
Unuthorized issuance of SIM CARDS ETC.

 

·      
Conclusion

 

Though not all
people are victims to cyber crimes,they are still at risk. Crimes by computer
vary, and they do not always  occure
behind the computer, but
they executed by computer. The
hacker’s identity is ranged between 12 years young to 67 years old.

Cyber crime is indeed getting the recognition it deserves. In fact,
it is highly likely that cyber crime and its hackers will continue
developing and upgrading to stay ahead of the law .So, to make us a
safer we must need cyber security

.

·      
CriticiSM On Bill

·        
Bill too harsh with punishment that do not fit.

·        
Restrict freedom of expression and access to information.

·        
The wording of bill leaves many clauses open to
interpretation.

·        
Misused to target journalist source as well.

·        
Mechanism for implementation are missing from this bill.

·        
Athority have lot of powers to block any webite any time.

 

 

 

Post Author: admin

x

Hi!
I'm Erica!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out