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        2Justin Bieber was born on March 1, 1994 at St. Joseph’s Hospital in Stratford, Ontario, Canada. He is the son of Pattie Mallette and Jeremy Bieber. Bieber took second place in a local talent competition, after his mother posted the video on youtube for his family and friends to see the young boy perform Bieber quickly went from an unknown and untrained singer to a budding superstar with a big-time record deal with Usher within two years. Through Biebers time in the spotlight he has accomplished many great things but has also done many more careless acts such as making  a couple of racist videos, spat on fans from a balcony, got a DUI and even smiled in his mugshot. Justin Bieber’s  careless self-confidence could be explained  and understood by two different psychologists theories; Erik Erikson conflict resolution theory and Sigmund Freud psycosexual stage theoryERIKSONpsychologist Erik Erikson would explain Justin Bieber’s behavior using the Conflict Resolution stage theory which includes 8 life stages. Erikson would state that Bieber did not get enough attention from one of his caregivers as a young child and therefore is missing stage 1: Trust vs. Mistrust.  To prompt this stage a child must have their physical and psychological needs met, and according to Erikson theory, Bieber may have experienced the exact opposite of this and was in fact likely neglected as a baby. Born in 1994 in Stratford, Ontario, Canada, Bieber was left to be raised by a single mother who was only 18 years old. Bieber’s father had left his mother to start a new family, providing Bieber with minimal time with his father. Therefore,       3father and son never formed the bond necessary for the development of baby Justin. IN SOURCE Justin shared:        “My father was immature. He left for like a year when I was about 4, went to British Columbia, came back on Father’s Day. I remember my mom said, ‘If you’re going to be here, you have to be here'” -Justin Bieber. Because Justin’s mother worked a series of low-paying office jobs requiring them to live in low income housing, she did not have a lot of time with her son.  Erikson would argue babies who aren’t properly fulfilled during this stage and are confused about who is around them will become mistrustful. FREUDDoctor Sigmund Freud’s psycosexual stage theory could also be applied to Bieber’s behaviour. This theory contains 5 stages: oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital. Despite not having his father around, lacking role models in his life, and a mother working long hours, Justin had a great relationship with his mother and grandparents. Freud would say that during his phallic stage a time when children build relationships with their parents. Children who are most loved by their parents turn out to love themselves and children who are neglected turn out to be more introverted and insecure. Learning about Bieber’s childhood on his instagram, one would note his confidence:          4″This little 4’9 woman may not look like a mom but she is, and she’s the best at it! This woman taught me everything I know, how to love how to be compassionate how to be strong when the only thing u wanna be is weak how to stand when all you want to do is fall. If it wasn’t for this woman lets just say I would have had a way LONGER stupid phase. I love u and thank u for not giving up on me!”-  Justin Bieber. Bieber’s mother and grandparents loved and cared for him very much, which led to Justin’s extreme self-confidence. Both theorists, Erik Erikson and Sigmund Freud use stage theories to evaluate certain behaviors such as introversion and extraversion. Although they both are fairly similar, Erikson  has a better theory in explaining the behavior of Justin Bieber. The Conflict Resolution stage theory best explains Bieber because with Erikson you can have some and not others but with Freud If you have had problems during any of the stages which are not effectively resolved,  then you will become stuck at one of the earlier stages and when under pressure you will regress more and more to characteristics of that stage. The limitations of these theories is that they are both very similar and it a very generalized outlook. Not everyone can be put under a certain category because all situations are different. Although these theories can be true most of the times, there are certain limitations per each situation. A limitation I encountered while psychoanalyzing Justin Bieber is that i do not know him, I only know the person he is on the internet and who he shows on interviews.

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