Annotation AssignmentAuthor: Kaushik RamachandranArticle One-Summary: Devices like Amazon’s Alexa and Apple’s Siri have become pioneers to A.I’s first interaction with mankind. Although they lack distinct emotive qualities and automatic thought progression they have laid the foundation to the future of robot and human interaction. Information processing and nano second data analysis has reached new heights and has allowed dreams like self driving cars to become a reality. Today google and tesla have commercial started selling these cars and have revolutionized modern day transport. Although these innovation may be supremely beneficial, various thinkers and innovators of the silicon valley believe that soon these machine will evolve beyond our control and pose a grave danger to humans. Has this technology become a necessary evil to today’s society? This is the effect of becoming unconventionally depended on technology to satisfy our wants. We have become dependent on it rather than having it become dependent on us. Today we have even started technology like Alexa to pick an outfit for us and give us opinions on it. Although this may seem harmless, we are starting to garner a conscience for the artificial mind by giving it indirect data points in the form of preferences. Suggestions on e commerce websites that displays products that appeal to our interests, are some of the many ways algorithms have begun to monitor our likings and preferences. Although this is seem trivial when its comes to shopping it poses a much bigger risk when it comes to things where choice matters a great deal such as in cases of investments and insurances. Many believe that A.I biggest impact would be in affecting workforce, but it has been seen that instead of mass unemployment, the introduction of driverless cars actually led to more new jobs that counteracted the few jobs that disappeared. The fate of A.I in the future is uncertain, will it revolutionize our world and becomes human’s greatest allies or will it overthrow the ones that created it and become his biggest threat? Only time will tell.Analysis:Artificial Intelligence is one of the biggest topics of the current century. Although our current technology requires data points and user input to provide meaningful output there will soon come a day where everything would become completely automated. The author lays down strong arguments to make us understand the potential threat Artificial Intelligence could be to mankind if used in the wrong ways. He effectively uses ethos and pathos to make us understand that although developments such as driverless cars, assistants like Siri and Alexa maybe beneficial they may not remain so. Soon thinking machines could surpass human thinking and can evolve to pose a grave dangers to humans. He makes a strong appeal to emotions and highlights how “Instead of bringing us together, information technology is dividing us into groups of similarly thinking individuals” this could have catastrophic effects and would become a barrier to diversity and lead to cultural death. The author even uses various strong relevant comparisons such as the suggestions on e commerce page that tries to grab users attention by displaying products that clash with their common interests to make us understand that the current state technology has already started to infringe into our personal lives. The longer we keep quiet about the bigger the threat becomes. His rampant use of examples in the real world such as Google’s and Tesla’s driverless cars shows us why this is relevant topic to be discussed in today’s age. The article is an overall well structured piece that the author has effectively used to make the readers understand the impact of what A.I has to offer for the future.Article Two-Summary: Computer Science professor Stuart Russell believes that the world of A.I and robotics faces a big ethical decision on whether to support or oppose the development of lethal autonomous weapons. These select weapons can engage targets without human intervention, but when humans are the targets these systems become lethal. Today current technology for driverless cars combined with military tactical control could create autonomous vehicles that could aid search and destroy missions. The international humanitarian law still lacks adequate legal consequences and has many grey areas when it comes to autonomous technology. Although most countries are ready to ban these kind of warfare, few argue that vehicle and weaponry such as this could vastly minimize civilian casualties. But we fail to see that if received in the wrong hands this kind of technology could be catastrophic. Professor Sabine Hauert provides a different side to the sphere of robotics. He explains the one sided view people have about A.I’s domination and the mass unemployment that would result out of it. They want it to be crippled and heavily regulated, but in fact it could be quite the opposite and instead help improve health care and make jobs less tiresome and safer. Sabine wants researches to use social media as a public platform to discuss developments, demystify technology and show people how beneficial A.I can be if put to good use. A common communication strategy if developed to create a unique platform will empower eras of researchers to be well connected with the public and leave behind a positive name for research done in robotics. Russ Altman a professor in bioengineering at Stanford believes that Artificial Intelligence has astounding potential to revolutionize biology and medicine. Its effect on health care would be unparalleled and help make sense of complex data never utilized before to provide better technologies to examine patients and understand patterns that lead to certain diseases. This would allow for researchers to treat their patients efficiently and at a much faster pace. The author brings to light the problems and the social inequalities A.I medical technology could have if it is not implemented correctly. The tool meant to help everyone would now start to separate people based on social status. He fears that humans may not even accept complex treatment analysis provided by technologies and may need concrete reasoning as to how the conclusion was reached. Professor Manuela Veloso integrates into all the arguments but uniquely leaves behind his own signature. He stands strong with a unique view where he believes that robots can only aid us and supplant our activities and not replace us. It is humans in the end who aid the process and control the mechanism that strings together A.I technology. We hold the button to use the technology wisely to rebuild and revolutionize or leave behind a wake of destructionAnalysis : Professor Stuart Russell eloquently lays down his case on the future of lethal autonomous systems. His appeal logos on the stakes of having A.I without real human intervention and a mind of its own when its targets begin to include humans. He persuades his readers with provoking analysis and relevant comparisons. Since artificial intelligence is still a relatively new concept, it lacks proper legal closure and laws to define its limitations and practices. Stuart as an A.I specialist is credible enough to stand strong to his sources and help us understand the dangers of creating robots with humans out of the loop. To keep his argument relevant he hammers down his second argument by highlighting that A.I weaponry is not only limited by the level of technology but also by the laws of physics such as speed, size and payload delivery. As robots become smaller and more enhanced its ability to kill and deliver something as small as a gram can be enough to leave the humans completely unarmed and defenseless. This is a future that would be catastrophic and definitely one we must stay away from.Professor Sabine Hauert is one of the very few realists who sees real potential in the benefits of A.I. His persuasive skills beautifully brings out the goodness he believes A.I can achieve and the footprints it can imprint on the sands of the modern century. With excellent use of Hyperbole he is able to bring to light the fear people have in their minds when they hear the word artificial intelligence. It fills their mind with pictures of mass destruction and unemployment. However he deems it to be quite the opposite and believes it could radicalize health care and make jobs efficient and safer. Being the co founder of Robohub and a lecturer of robotics he hold a credible decree to explain to us that researchers should in fact use social media as a platform to showcase developments and demystify robotics to show people the real impact of A.I. technology. His belief that “A common communication strategy will empower a new generation of robotics deeply connected to the public” highlights his appeal to emotion as he tries to bring the two world together on a common platform unified by passion and love for science.Russ Altman brings about a very scientific approach to A.I’s applications. His passion and dedication to leave an impact strongly resonates through his beliefs and connects his idea with the reader’s mind. A.I can now seamlessly change the way diagnosis and prevention of diseases is done. He appeals to ethos and pathos and brings to light the uneffiecienty and the social disparity the technology could create if it is not implemented correctly. The tool meant to help everyone would now start to separate people based on social status. His background in genetics and medicine strengthens his arguments and lets us understand the matter with a whole different perspective. I feel it is in fact him putting forward his personal concerns and emotions that truly makes this article a masterpiece!Manuela veloso standpoint is unique as he stands strong with his appeal to emotion and familiarity by comparing the human mind with the mind of robot, making it feel as though there is nothing alien to its features. His arguments are by far the most interesting and relevant as he himself created various robots and put them through a task of challenges from symbiotic autonomy to geosensor perception. What stands him apart is his belief that “robots will complement humans, not supplant them. Robots need to know when to ask for help and how to express their inner workings” His view on dependency make his piece a thorough read and leaves the reader in awe thinking of the impact AI has achieved and the heights it will soar in the right hands!