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Around
1137-1144, a new cathedral style came in site that was important to the Gothic
Era. The inventor of this new style had achieved both political and spiritual goal
through his successful work is Abbot Suger. This rare and unique style of the
Gothic cathedral became popular over the years and spread throughout the whole world,
especially Europe.

Suger
was the inventor of the Gothic style for cathedrals. He was born in 1084 in
France close to Paris. In his early life, his parents gave him away at a young
age. He was given as an monastic to the abbey of St. Denis, where he started
his education to become a monk. Suger met Louis VI and became close friends
with him. Later on in the future, Louis VI became a French king and Suger was
his adviser. When Louis VII was away for a while, Suger was chosen to
administer France. In 1122, Suger became an historian of Saint-Denis which gave
him a special spot in French history. Suger design a marvelous plan to rebuild
and enlarge the Carolingian church of Saint- Denis. He wanted to make a spiritual
spot for France and create a new style for the church. Around 1137, He started
to build the Cathedral.

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 Gothic
cathedral demonstrates a unique fusion of form and space. Gothic cathedral
contained compositional components that also characterized the style including
solid arch that can assist a form of the building’s rooftop, pointed curves,
and flying buttress The Romanesque style of Cathedral that preceded the Gothic style
depends on the use of semicircular curves as an extra components and to make
roof angled at the rooftop. The outline approach the semicircular curves limited
the height of the bay, for it required the height to be equivalent to the
width. This property therefore applies for the building of heavy support
columns and pours down of an arch to span large areas. This tended to confine
the height of the exterior walls and brought about of working with a squat,
substantial impact.

Abbot
Suger and his architects utilized the guided curve which empowered them to
increase the height of the vault to new and exceptionally captivating. These
heights became noticeably conceivable by the property of the pointed curve, for
it could spring to any height and span any separation along as the two sides of
the curve adjusted in size and pitch. The adaptability additionally made it
conceivable to bulid vaults with even crowns with no loss of quality. More
significantly the pointed curve made it conceivable to build cathedrals with oblong
or rectangular formed naives. Additionally the architects found they could build
even higher walls than before, if supported remotely by the utilization of a
half pointed curve which became known as the flying support. The resulting
unique Gothic plan joined these components creating a rectangular nave with
remotely upheld high thin walls topped with lofty pointed curve rooftop. The
impact attracted consideration regarding the vertical over the horizontal,
reverberating the religious topic of the triumph of the spiritual over the
material.

The
influence of Abbot Suger’s invention of the Gothic cathedral grew and spread
around the world. Other regions were inspired by Europe design, so the created
their own unique Gothic style for their architecture. The flexibility shown the
strength of the basic gothic design elements, but most importantly this design
created the architectural elements into a unique form that well matched the
religious feelings of the religious time in history. 

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