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As time goes on, and technology advances, medical conditions develop and our society makes new strategies in order to deal with them. Whether it be by finding cures or through rehabilitation, technology has opened many doors in dealing with the challenges with the that face these disorders. One of the more common genetic disorders is Down syndrome also known as Trisomy 21. This disorder alters the development and leads to the characteristics associated with Down syndrome. A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are; low muscle tone, small stature and an upward slant to the eyes. Only some suffer from mild to moderate intellectual disability. This disorder is a lifelong disorder that cannot be cured, however, treatment for Down syndrome focuses on many ways to ensure that your child has regular medical checkups, watching for early signs of health problems because kids with Down Syndrome are predisposed to heart, ears and breathing problems and finding support. All infants with Down syndrome must be evaluated by a cardiologist and a pediatrician in order to catch these life threatening problems at an early stage.In the ancient times, infanticide was rampant, babies with any physical abnormalities would be killed on the spot. The idea was that babies with disabilities weren’t deserving of love because they were different. This genetic defect has been around for centuries, however, was given a name in the late nineteenth century by an English physician, John Langdon Down. Later in 1959, a French physician named Jérôme Lejeune identified Down syndrome as a chromosomal condition instead of a mental disorder. Prior to, babies with down syndrome were sent to facilities where they would locked away for their whole lives.  Instead of the usual 46 chromosomes that are in each cell, Lejeune noticed there were 47 in the cells of people with Down syndrome. It was later determined that an extra partial or whole copy of chromosome 21 results in the characteristics associated with Down syndrome. The main misconception of Down Syndrome is that it is hereditary when really it has everything to do with a child’s extra chromosome. Having extra or abnormal chromosomes changes the way both the brain and body develop. Doctors aren’t exactly sure how an extra chromosome appears nonetheless, they have noticed that a woman having a baby 35 years and older is at a higher risk of having a baby with this defect. Other factors would be if you had a sister or brother with this defect and having another baby with down syndrome. It is extremely important that kids with Down syndrome have constant checkups because they are are also at an increased risk of developing pulmonary hypertension, a serious condition that can lead to irreversible damage to the lungs. All infants with Down syndrome should be evaluated by a pediatric cardiologist.There are plenty of organizations that help the Down Syndrome community by raising awareness that people with Down syndrome who are supported and given the opportunity to contribute to society, can when given the chance. Currently, there are schools that are catered to children with birth defects and disabilities that help them learn the way that suits them best. People with Down syndrome can go to school, finish university, find careers, and get married which many people are ignorant of these facts.We should be concerned because children who suffer from down syndrome or any disorder are subjected to cruel treatment and are referred to with ableist terms such as “retard” by other children and adults which will lead to harsh consequences to their self-esteem and their social development. Children with this defect are at a higher risk of being put up for adoption and being aborted in the womb. In Canada, 67% to 98% of babies with Down Syndrome are aborted. 100% of babies with Down Syndrome in Iceland are aborted and Denmark is following suit with 98% of babies being aborted and has predicted that they will be a “Down-syndrome free” nation in the next 10 years. By encouraging prenatal selection, governments help build a mentality that society should not invest in these children and that they are worthless and a burden to our economy. This is tremendously damaging to hear or to feel like you are a burden or mean nothing especially when you’re a child because they are still trying to figure out who they are and their identity like the psychologist, Erik Erikson said. Instead, we should represent these Children with this defect more in television and in the movies as people who are able to live happy lives, be married and can have jobs.    Families are now beginning to take the initiative and giving their children with genetic defects the support they need. Governments such as Canada, Doctors have been told not to tell the parents of these syndromes until after the abortion cut off. Canada has also integrated teachers who are qualified to teach children with defects into public schooling so parents don’t have to pay extra money to school their children. Since that will encourage some parents to further refuse to care for their children. Erik Erikson, mentions that adolescence involves a search for self-identity. Without these support systems put in place, these children are left with a gigantic gap in their search to answer “Who am I.” In addition to, the more information available to these children, the more they won’t be in as bad of a situation to formulate a real sense of themselves.

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