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As we wanted to raise awareness on depression,
since some Filipinos are not taking depression seriously and tends to make fun
of it and those people experiencing depression. Our research will be all about
the things that we don’t usually think or know about depression. According to a
dictionary, depression is an act of depressing or a state of being depressed.
It is a mood disorder marked especially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty in
thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and
time spent sleeping, feeling of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes
suicidal tendencies.

It is considered as a common but severe
illness, though there are people that need treatment to get better they decided
not to seek for help or a treatment. Why? It is because some of them were
judged by other people to be a childish person for making their problem a big
deal. The causes of depression were said to be unknown as there is
no single known cause of it. Rather, it is likely the results of a combination
of genetic, biochemical, environmental, and psychological factors.

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Depression have different forms but the most
common are major depressive order and dysthymic disorder. Major depressive
disorder or major depression is characterized by a combination that interfere
with a person’s ability to work, sleep, study, eat and enjoy once-pleasurable
activities. It disables and hinders the person to function normally as they
would, an episode of major depression may occur only once in a person’s’
lifetime, but more often, it recurs throughout a person’s life. Occasionally, a
person with a MDD may also feel as if life isn’t worth living.  Based on our research, it is one of the most
common mental disorders in the United States In 2015, nearly 7 percent of
Americans over age 18 had an episode of MDD. The annual years of healthy life
lost per 100, 000 people from MDD in the Philippines has increased by 10. 3%
since 1990 and an average of 0.4% a year. The years of healthy life lost per
100,000 men and women, peaks at the age 40-44 and harms men at the lowest rate
at age 1-4.  At 972.8 years of healthy
life lost per 100,000 women in 2013, the peak rate for women was higher than
that of men, which was 423.6 per 100,000 men.

The second most common form of depression is
dysthymic disorder or dysthymia. It is characterized by long term (two years or
longer). The symptoms are less severe that it may not disable a person yet it
can prevent one from feeling well and functioning normally. People that are
experiencing dysthymia can also experience one or more episodes of MDD during
their lifetimes.

Not all scientist agreed on how to distinguish
the forms of depression so they decided to include another three forms of
depression since they stated that some forms of depressive disorder shows a
slightly disparate characteristic from the given two common form of it, or they
might be developed under unique circumstances. The three forms of depression
that they included are A.) Psychotic depression, it occurs when a severe
depressive illness is accompanied by a very serious mental illness that can
make a person behave strangely, such as hallucinations, delusions and a break
with reality. B.) Postpartum depression, this form of depression is diagnosed
if a new mother develops a major depressive episode within one month after
delivery. 10-15 percent of women were said to be diagnosed of postpartum
depression after giving birth. As some of the research that we have read, it
was said that women found themselves experiencing depression as a result in
collation with anything from pregnancy to more chronic or recurring problems. C.)
Seasonal affective disorder or SAD, it is identified by the onset of a
depressive illness during the winter or cold months, when there is less natural
sunlight. It usually lifts during summer (and spring in other countries). It
was stated that a person can feel depressed when there is no enough sunlight
for them, making it hard for then to adjust on changing of seasons.

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