FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
1. The findings of the research and the discussion are included in this chapter. Focusing on the objectives of the study and the hypothesis developed at the beginning of the research, this chapter contains a discussion about the success of fulfilling objectives and testing the hypothesis.
QUANTITATIVE APPROACH OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE
2. Questionnaires would an advantageous profitable and practical technique to social occasion information from people and might make used will spread an enormous geological region. They might a chance to be used should whichever collect quantitative or subjective majority of the data and they are similarly a predominant strategy to diminishing questioner predisposition on the fact that there are “no verbal or visual bits of data” that might effect a part (respondent) will answer-paid definitely. Surveys might make sent through post will incalculable done different Sri Lanka army segment. However, a couple parts might send the surveys again same time others might not respond. The focuses of the research might be finished though Questionnaires are low recurrence portrayed also every last bit around composed; with the objective, that they might finish those recommended inspiration behind the research being headed.
3. Quantitative method questionnaire has been used on this study and the quantitative questionnaires are a best way to gather numerical data that could be used to confirm hypotheses about occurrences. The survey questionnaire was developed for the research study and it will be attached as an appendix.
FINDINGS OF THE RESEARCH STUDY
4. The formula for BMI is a human’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. It has been clearly observed that BMI does not indicate the personal body fat directly. But BMI is moderately correlated with some other direct measures of body fat obtained from skin fold thickness measurements. It is also important to state that BMI has an extremely close relationship with various metabolic and disease outcomes (Cdc.gov, 2018).
DRAWBACKS ON IMPLEMENTING BMI FOR SRI LANKA
5. Obesity is currently became as global epidemic. The World Health Organization (WHO) identified that the worldwide prevalence of obesity has rapidly increase between 1980-2014.
6. BMI is the most popular obese indicator in worldwide due to it is easy accessibility and uneconomical conditions. BMI represent the person’s weight for height. BMI calculations primarily depend on human’s height and weight. The height of a grown person does not indicate much deviation. Therefore, it can be analyzed that weight is the main factor which can influence the person’s BMI whereas height is constant factor for adults.
7. Researcher has highlighted five objectives based hypothesis to test during this study. In that, when identifying about the draw backs of BMI is critically important. BMI does measure the weight for height of a person. BMI does not represent the personal body fat percentage, which can identify as major drawback. Since BMI is mainly depend on height and weight,
8. BMI of an athletic who 170cm height and 65Kg in weight is equal to the person who does not engage any physical activity with same height and weight. During the study it is illustrated that officers who are involving physical activities and officers who are not attending for physical training activities doesn’t have much difference.
9. Further researcher has identify that countries like Sri Lanka meals are based on the carbohydrate. Meals has greater bearing on persons’ weight. When considering about the body structure, it seems that Asians are quite short and fat than comparing to the persons in western countries like United States, United Kingdom, and Australia etc. Therefore, Height and weight is different and calculations also changed.
10. Asians consume huge amount of carbohydrate and it provides 4 calories per one gram. The average calorie requirement per day for normal person is 1800-2000 and one rice bowl contains 204 calories. It is only 50g (Coleman, 2018). But when considering the Sri Lanka Army, one person entitle for 380g per lunch and dinner, whereas 170g as per breakfast. If someone consumed rice for his all three meals, he will getting 550g accept other curries/ desserts. It take 2200 calories per day (550×4). During the study researcher has identify that Sri Lanka Army rationing system not compatible with the BMI policy and it lack with nutritious.
11. Comparing to the European countries like USA, UK etc. consume foods which are rich in high protein intake whereas Asians consume carbohydrate. High-protein diets are a popular method of weight loss in western countries. They increase their intake of protein and fat while reducing the consumption of carbohydrate to entrust a metabolic changes in their body that helps to considerable reduce of weight. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) explains this lack of carbs causes ketosis. Due to that metabolic change it forces the body to turn to stored fat for energy. Some literature highlighted that due to the Ketogenic (Keto) foods, it limits daily intake of carbs between 15-60g. Paleolithic diet/ Paleo/ Stone-age Diets also identified as a good salutation for the BMI. Paleo diets typically comprises with lean meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, dairy products, legumes and grains.
12. Researcher has identify that existing BMI calculations are cannot justify to every person. Due to aforesaid factors Sri Lankan’s body totally differ with European population. That basically foods, body structure, and climate. In that, study investigated that BMI is not accurately measure the persons’ healthiness.
A COMMON VARIANTS ARE ASSOCIATING WITH BMI AMONG MIDDLE GRADE OFFICES OF SRI LANKA ARMY
13. During the study researcher has measured the BMI of each person in the sample. Majority of the sample (54%) are categorized as overweight and obese. Further, there were relationships highlighted between BMI and physical training. 75% of the sample are not engaging with physical training. When analyzing the root causes for not attending for physical training it was illustrated that most of the middle grade officers are living out officers. In other factor that most of the officers employed as staff officers and classic duties are reluctant to engage with physical training activities and they restricted to the office.
14. Consumption of alcohol has relationship between BMI of a person. Studies found that small consumption of alcohol per day have a lower BMI rate rather than regular alcohol consumer. Survey data found that 47% of middle grade officers are consuming alcohol. Among those 11% are consuming more than 1000ml per week. Many studies found that alcohol is not only an addictive substance but also a high-calorie beverage that can interfere with metabolic function and cognitive processes.
15. During the study researcher has identified that most of the sample population are pond of consuming junk foods and instant foods. Most of the instant foods generate high calorie intakes and not balanced with required nutrition as well.
16. When comparing about the officer’s height reference to the sample population 51% are less in 107cm-174cm (5’8″ – 5’9″). Generally, Asian population are not much on height when comparing western countries. Still it prove the unsuitability of the weight to height ration among middle grade officers of Sri Lanka Army.
17. During the study researcher has identified that BMI should concern prior to the enlistment of the officer cadets to the Army rather excepting it much in later. Due to the facilities and work load officers are reluctant to maintain the required physical standard. It seems that 71% of the officers are disqualified during last APET.
17. The researcher has been developed 6 questions for each variable. In addition, the questions were on the 5-point Likert Scale with responses ranging from “Strongly agree” to “Strongly disagree”. Cronbach alpha test was conducted based on the reliability. The acceptable reliability value is .6. Therefore, this research study questionnaire’s reliability result is more than .6; therefore, the questionnaire is considered “reliable”.
18. The Cronbach’s Alpha of independent variable (Self-produced data) was received .657. It refers the (>0.5) acceptance level of internal consistency for the scale with specific sample questionnaire that have been received from the research participants.
19. The Cronbach’s Alpha of independent variable (Behavior) was received .705. It refers the (>0.5) acceptance level of internal consistency for the scale with specific sample questionnaire that have been received from the research participants.
The Cronbach’s Alpha of independent variable (Military career and Life style) was received .670. It refers the (>0.5) acceptance level of internal consistency for the scale with specific sample questionnaire that have been received from the research participants.
20. The Cronbach’s Alpha of independent variable (BMI) was received .626. It refers the (>0.5) acceptance level of internal consistency for the scale with specific sample questionnaire that have been received from the research participants.
21. The research study analysis output of Pearson correlation shows that there is high positive relationship each variables. The research study analysis output of Pearson correlation shows that there is high positive relationship between Correlation between self-produced data and BMI. The significant correlation of .885 (p- value