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  Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator is one of the best-known pharaohs of Egypt, but she was never entirely Egyptian. Cleopatra was born around 70-69 B.C.E to an Egyptian mother and a father of Greek descendant, making her almost equally Greek as she is Egyptian. Her mother, who was said to be her husband’s half-sister, died a decade later. Her father, the pharaoh, titled her co-ruler only to perish sometime afterward forcing her to marry her brother. Being the child of a pharaoh, Cleopatra was born into a wealthy family. She learned at a young age to read and write Egyptian. However, as she grew up, she knew more than eight languages. A conflict in Egypt cause Cleopatra to flee, giving up her throne. She had four siblings but later murdered three to keep her throne.    After marrying her brother, Cleopatra continued to be co-ruler, but Ptolemy XIII advisor’s acted against her, which induced her to leave Egypt. She raised an army of her own and fought against her brother with the help of Julius Caesar. She charmed Caesar to shift sides which aided her to win back her throne. Ptolemy fled Alexandria (and was later murdered). After Caesar declared Cleopatra and her little brother the throne in Egypt, he remained in Egypt. Cleopatra, who was now Caesar’s lover, gave birth to his child in 47 B.C.E. The infant’s name was Caesarion or, in Egyptian, Little Caesar. Cleopatra did her best to persuade Caesar that this child was his offspring and should be the successor of his. Caesar denied her request. Shortly after, Julius returned to Rome; Cleopatra, along with her brother and Caesarion, visited him in about 46 B.C.E. Only after Caesar’s death, in 44 B.C.E, would she return home to Alexandria.    After returning home from Rome, she continued to raise her son. The death of her co-ruler, Ptolemy XIV, enabled her to rule with her barely four-years-old son as co-ruler. In the year 41 B.C.E Marc Antony, who belonged to the Second Triumvirate of Rome, requested for her to question the alliance she made with Caesar. Cleopatra agreed and meant up with Antony in the city of Tarsus. Antony, like Caesar, fell for Cleopatra’s charm which led to a love affair in 41 B.C.E. She hunted and even started a drinking club with him! Nearly a year later she gave birth to twins, Alexander Helios (sun) and Cleopatra Selene (moon). Shortly after, Antony returned home to Rome to attempt to make peace with Octavian by marrying his sister. He discovered it would not work and later divorced her. Antony soon went to Egypt to stay with Cleopatra, making Octavian livid. He decided to declare war on Egypt, knowing that Antony would choose to aid his beloved. WIth thick tensions, the two rivals found themselves in Actium, Greece battling fiercely. At this life-changing battle on September 2, The Battle of Actium, Octavian’s forces were much stronger than anticipated. Cleopatra fled; Antony followed. Egypt had lost the battle. Roughly a year later, again in a losing battle, Cleopatra went to seek sanctuary in her mausoleum. As Antony was still fighting, he received unpleasant intel that Cleopatra had died. He stabbed himself with his sword, but before he died a messenger came and notified him that Cleopatra was alive. In the end, Marc Antony would die, his last request: to make peace. Cleopatra tried but came out unsuccessful. The idea of how Cleopatra died is unclear. Many say she died committed suicide, heart sickened with Marc Antony gone, allowing an asp to bite her; others say she died of poison, that Octavian established a plan for her to die. Nevertheless that they were enemies, Octavian ordered a respectful funeral for the star-crossed lovers. Cleopatra took part in two significant battles, caused the death of at least three of her siblings, two different but both Roman leaders as lovers, and held the title “Queen of Egypt.”    Notwithstanding the fact that Cleopatra had charmed both Marc Antony and Julius Caesar, historians assume that she was not as attractive as tales say. She is commonly known to have a “hook nose,” and that the seducing of her lovers was all of her charms. Which goes to show, that beauty is not as significant inasmuch it seems to be. Cleopatra was, too, the final leader of Egypt. She played a tremendous role, influencing everything that has happened. Everything affects everything. For Marc Antony to have a messenger give him false information, resulted in him to commit suicide; Cleopatra followed. We can only assume that it was because she poisoned or was heartbroken, but the truth is: we will never know. Cleopatra affected everything, wither she wanted to or not.  Every aspect of Cleopatra’s life was captivating.      The culture of the western civilization would not be the same without the events that have happened. Many of the monuments we have today, come from Rome who took over Egypt after Cleopatra died. She influenced fashion in both Rome and Greece. The events that she creates and goes through have shaped the 21st century and centuries before her. Cleopatra is also a role model to follow. She did not depend on her beauty; she depended on her words and knowledge. She did not back down when she was forced to leave Egypt; instead, she fought for her throne. With all the conflicts today in the world today, looking back on history can help us decide the right choices; improving our future for the world to come.

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