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in the elderly is a major public health problem. Many who suffer from late-life
depression go undiagnosed, due to not realizing the symptoms. As the body ages,

and the causes of Depression

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you mentally, but also physically,

as time passes people learn to understand that
our health can be altered very easily. We are prescribed pills that are so
called healthy for us meanwhile the amount of side effects antidepressants has
is ridiculous. Fewer than 20% of people seeking help for depression and anxiety
disorders receive cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), the most established
evidence-based psycho­therapeutic treatment.


The 2 treatments differ in that both have a
different level of effectiveness. From the first article it was cognitive
behavior therapy which was the most effective and could treat mild to severe
depression while music therapy could only treat mild to moderate depression


blurred vision.constipation.

loss of sexual desire and other sexual problems
such as erectile dysfunction and decreased orgasm,fatigue and drowsiness
insomnia.dry mouth.

Both articles speak about treatments for the
elderly that are depressed, without the consumption of Antidepressants. In the
articles they both give possible ways of treatments with no health risks.
Nausea,increased appetite and weight gain.

Compare and Contrast Articles





I learned that support from family or loved
ones can act as a natural enhancer to fight against depression and that This
kind of therapy can be used for people with mild to moderate depression.

A music-facilitated psychoeducational strategy
was developed as a cheap, cost-effective intervention for older adults
experiencing symptoms of depression, distress, and anxiety. Music therapy is a
home-based program where participants learned music listening stress reduction
techniques at home visits by a music therapist. In these sessions the therapist
uses body relaxation, imagery, stimulation, and sleep enhancement are included
in these programs that use music to cue relaxation and positive thinking.

Article Two -Music therapy for
institutionalized elderly persons with depression




I learned that throughout all the non
pharmacological treatments cbt was the most successful. Its the only treatment
option meeting the highest level of evidence according to the GRADE (Grading of
Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) criteria, with a small
but beneficial effect after meta-analysis. And Although pharmacological treatment
constitutes the main therapeutic approach for depression, non-pharmacological
treatments are usually regarded as more essential therapeutic approaches in
clinical practice

Psychodynamic therapy is the kind of talk
therapy many people imagine when they think of psychological treatment for
depression. Psycho dynamic therapy is designed to help patients explore the full
range of their emotions, including feelings they may not be aware of. By making
the unconscious elements of their life a part of their present experience

cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an
effective treatment for depression. At the heart of
CBT is an assumption that a person’s mood is directly related to his or her
patterns of thought. Negative, dysfunctional thinking affects a person’s mood,
sense of self, behavior, and even physical state.

Article one-Non-pharmacological
treatment for depressed older patients


Depression is defiantly a topic that should be
discussed and realized more as a public health problem.The NIMH estimated that
in the” United States, 16 million adults had at least one major depressive
episode in 2012. That’s 6.9 percent of the population. According to the World
Health Organization (WHO), 350 million people worldwide suffer from
depression”. It is a leading cause of disability.

in older adults, it is the feeling hopelessness,
worthless and Helplessness that causes depression which can lead to suicidal
thoughts.and statement such as “I wish I were dead already,” “I wish I would
fall asleep and not wake up,” or “what’s the use in trying.” Older adults often
experience general feelings of worry and tension,paranoia not associated with
specific anxiety or panic disorders. Statements of anxiety and worry in older
adults often are signs of depression

Symptoms of Depression





smile, but you wanna cry. You talk, but you wanna be quiet. You pretend like you’re
happy but you aren’t.” These are some of the thoughts derived from Late-life
depression, which affects about 6 million Americans ages 65 and older.
Depression is a mood disorder that’s characterized by a consistent feeling of
sadness or despair and/or a loss of interest in things that once were
pleasurable. Disturbance in sleep, appetite,and mental processes are a common
accompaniment. Depression not only becomes less responsive to stress and is at
increased risk for disease. Depression occurs from external factors such as
stress, trauma,  physical and substance
abuse, chronic diseases, lifestyle limitations, genetics, financial factors,
and isolation may accelerate the process.
















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