Dept. of International Relations Term Paper/Assignment Cover Sheet
Department of International Relations
University of Dhaka
All particulars in the following box to be filled up by the student.
Serial Class Roll Name
KJ-20 Muhammad Zia UddinBE-38 Obaydur RahmanSM-88 C M Jahidul Islam
BSS (Hons)/MSS: BSS(Hons) Batch: 11th Semester: 3rd Year: 2nd Session: 2016-17
Course No: 203 Course Title: Media and International Relations
Title of the Term-paper/Assignment (In Block Letters):
UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF THE GLOBAL MEDIA IN YEMEN CRISIS
Name of the Course Teacher (in block letters): MR. MD. ALI SIDDIQUEE
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Declaration (by the student):
I declare that this term paper/assignment is my own work. It does not have contents that may be regarded as an act of plagiarism or collusion.
Signature of the student……Mohammad Zia Uddin…………………Date: …..30-04-2018…………….
…….Obaydur Rahman………………………..Date: …..30-04-2018……………
…….C M Jahidul Islam……………………….Date: …..30-04-2018……………
Signature of the course teacher……………………………………………..Date:…………………………………
Table of Contents
Contents Page No.
Abstract Introduction Background Literature review Objective of the paper Methodology Geopolitical location of Yemen The main Causes of the crisis Houthis emergence Saudi’s military intervention Parties of the conflicts President Ali Abdullah Saleh Iran Saudi Arabia USA Role of the Al Qaeda Humanitarian crisis Women and Children Man and Young Prospects of a solution Role of International media Global coverage Conclusion References ABSTRACT
The global mass media regarding the humanitarian crisis and the on-going conflicting situation in Yemen have played the very influential role, which helped to change the global political scenario after all. The commencement of the Arab-Spring in Tunisia and then the emergence of the Houthis in Yemen, which started demonstrating and conflicting against the Yemeni government. The coalition led by the Arab States and their back-power like the United States, including the United Kingdom, France and other western countries has involved to intervene into the created crisis of Yemen. The help by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran is provided to the Houthis rebellious group and its supporters, and the existing Yemeni government is supported to grab the power of Yemen by the continuing help from the Sunni based Saudi Arabia and its international back-powers. Consequently, there has made political instability and a fatal humanitarian crisis in Yemen. Millions of people of Yemen had died from the starvation for days and thousands of women and children are not only suffering from the terrible malnutition, but also a human crisis in Yemen. The good umber of humanitarian organizations and the Saudi government has come to Yemen in order to reduce the created humanitarian crisis of it. Mass media around the world has helped to know the world audience about this crisis in Yemen by focusing the contribution of every party in the conflict.
Yemen is a Middle East country, which stands on the Southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. Since the ancient period, Yemen was performing a good position and known as a historical location once ruled by the Otomans as the important path for trading with the Indian Subcontinent. There has some historical places which been has written down at the UNESCO. But this Yemen in the on-going century is bound with the conflict, helpless situation, economically underdeveloped, unemployment, political instability and humanitarian crisis, it could be said that now Yemen around the world, is the most unfit places for surviving the human life. Because of happening conflict between the rebellious group and the Yemeni government, it has made the political instability, humanitarian crisis in Yemen. Foreign countreis interventions in Yemeni internal war also can’t avoid the responsiblity of the Yemen crisis. In order to stop the activities of the Houthis and its advocates, the coalition led by Saudi Arabia and supporters of it come to Yemen but with their national interest. Thousands and millions of people in Yemen had died and has been dying from the starvation, lack of health supports, lack of economical supports, due to the created war taking place between the houthis group, the govrnment and others.
The global media regarding the Yemen crisis are performing to change the poltical aspects and the scenario of the global politics. The ongoing conflicting situation between two major groups in Yemen, is increasing day by day and affecting not only to the Middle-East but also to the world in where the United Nations has already taken initiative measures to alleviate this situation, in particular, those countries in the Middle-East are also trying to assuage this crisis. Countries like Qatar, Russia and the UK relay their perspectives mainly in Saudi Arabia while others, such as China and Yemen report more on an international scale of humanitarian efforts by the UN and UNICEF.
“The Middle East is known as the focal point of the modern global politics” wrote by Ala-Uddin Vhuyan, the First Secretary of Bangladesh Foreign Ministry in Canada. Yemen, member of GCC in Middle-East, is now at stake due to happening conflict as a civil war since the contemporary ruler, president Ali Abdullah Saleh, from the begging of 2011. The coalition in the Middle-East led the government Saudi Arabia, as an international actor, and foreign back-power like the United State, including the United Kingdom, France along with other western countries has been intervening here as the helper of the existing government and taking some effective and initiative measure against the Houthi rebellious group and the supporters of its to stop the activities of them. Arab spring fueled Yemen, consequently, President Ali Abdullah Saleh was forced to hand over the power to his deputy Mansur Hadi. Currently, Yemen is in a crisis due to a political transition where it created a conflict between the Houthis, a northern Yemen group, and the Yemeni government and its supporters.
A good number of writings like books, online articles and journals and others on Yemen Crisis, in particular, humanitarian crisis in Yemen are available. Many scholars who are very conscious regarding the international parties and their interests and faults along with the humanitarian crisis in Yemen. Helen Lackner uncovered in her book named “Yemen in Crisis” that “the roots of the social and political conflicts that threaten the very survival of the state and its people. She reveals the corruption of the country’s US-backed autocratic regime, as well as its failure to address national impoverishment and to plan an equitable economy for Yemen’s growing population”.
OBJECTIVE OF THE PAPER:
Mass media like Qatar’s English news outlet “Aljazeera”, Saudi Arabia’s English news outlet “Saudigazette”, Yemen’s news outlet “National Yemen”, The UK’s news outlets “Independent and Reuters”, China’s English news outlet “Xinhuanet” are playing significant role in the crisis globally. This paper will show these global media how changed the scenario in Yemen. Our paper also shows how and why Saudi Arabia and Middle Eastern states as well as global power made the crisis more critical. We will show how global media are representing the human condition, including children and women’s issues. Why Al Qaeda and Houthis movement against government is increasing?
This term paper on “Understanding the Role of Global Media in Yemen Crisis” has been made with the help of secondary data, which includes journals, books by the Analyst, reports, online news outlets and Journals, articles and reports, online PDF books also and others. Secondary information has been collected from the published books and published journals. The most of the data of This term paper have maintained on the basis of qualitative and descriptive method. This term paper has been made by the group works along with the help of every member of the group.
GEOPOLITICAL LOCATION OF YEMEN:
Yemen in the Middle East is known as a desert country, which situates to the Southern Part of Arabian Peninsula. Yemen surrounded by Saudi Arabia in the North, and in the North-East of Yemen bordered by Oman.”Yemen has maritime borders with Djibouti, Eritrea, and Somalia. With an area of 527,970 sq km (including the islands of Perim and Socotra), the country is about the size of Sweden or about twice the size of Wyoming. An estimated by 2014, 26 million people live in the country. The largest city and the national capital is Sana’a, situated in a mountain valley at an altitude of 2,200 m, the Old City of Sana’a is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Yemen’s primary seaport and economic center is Aden. The Official language is Arabic.”
THE MAIN CAUSES OF YEMEN CRISIS:
There are a number of causes behind happening conflict and making a fatal situation and the humanitarian crisis in Yemen. The Arab Spring in Tunisia fueled the people of the Middle-East, The Houthis emergence and then the ambition of power for controlling Yemen, the Yemeni government for assisting on the power, raising the influence of Al-Qaeda, making the coalition led the Arab States and its back-power like the United States, the United Kingdom and other Western countries are the very responsible for making a humanitarian crisis In Yemen. But as the main actors in the continuing conflict situation in Yemen, it could be said that the Houthis emergence and the intervention from the Saudi Government about their role on Yemen crisis are described as follows:
The Houthis emergence:
The Houthis formally called Ansar Allah, members of an Islamic religious-political armed movement that emerged from Sa’dah in northern Yemen in the 1990s. They are o the Zaidi sect, and are predominantly Shia-led, though the movement reportedly also include Sunnis. The conflict between the Houthis and the Yemeni government increasingly grew in the 1990s, and war broke out in 2004 with the group’s founder, Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi, leading a rebellion against then Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh. By means of of 2017 the group is led by Abdul-Malik al-Houthi, brother of the first leader, who was apparently killed by Saleh’s Yemeni army forces in 2004. In late 2014 Houthis mended their relationship with the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, and with his help, they took control of the capital and much of the north. The Houthis took part in the 2011 Yemeni Revolution by contributing in street protests and by organizing with other opposition groups. They joined the National Dialogue Conference in Yemen by means of part of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) creativity to broker peace following the unrest. However, the Houthis would later discard the November 2011 GCC deal’s provisions specifying formation of six federal regions in Yemen, claiming that the deal did not basically reform governance and that the proposed federalization divided Yemen into poor and wealthy regions. Houthis also feared the deal was a blatant attempt to weaken them by dividing areas under their control between separate regions. According to Ahmed Addaghashi, a professor at Sanaa University, the Houthis began as a moderate theological movement that preached tolerance and held a broad-minded view of all the Yemeni people.
Saudi’s military intervention:
A military intervention was launched by Saudi Arabia in 2015, leading a alliance of nine African and Middle East countries, to influence the consequence of the Yemeni Civil War in favor of the government of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. The Operation Decisive Storm Amaliyyat the intervention originally contained of a bombing campaign on Houthi Protestors and later saw a marine barrier and the placement of ground forces into Yemen. The Saudi-led alliance has attacked the positions of the Houthi militia and loyalists of the former President of Yemen, Ali Abdullah Saleh, allegedly supported by Iran in response to a request from the globally recognized government of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. The perception that Iran is directly controlling the Houthis is denied owing to a declaration made in April 2015, by National Security Council presenter Bernadette Meehan: “It remains our assessment that Iran does not exert command and control over the Houthis in Yemen.”
The war in Yemen did certainly change controls about the Saudi role in the region. But it is improbable to announcer further military interventions any time soon, despite a lot of rage about possible Saudi intervention against Assad and despite the more recent assumption that Saudi Arabia might start a war with Lebanon. The fact is that the Yemen war has not met Saudi objectives. Saudi representatives who briefed diplomats at the start of the war said it would last just a few weeks.
PARTIES OF THE CONFLICT:
There are many parties in the Yemen civil war for continuing for years. About The main some of their contribution in the conflicting situation of Yemen are as follows:
President Ali Abdullah Saleh:
Ali Abdullah Saleh dominated the political life of Yemeni peoples for decades during and after his long term role as president and included himself as an actor or party of Yemen conflict. “For many years he managed to hold his disparate and poverty stricken county together despite tribal squabbles and many insurrections.” In 1990s, when the historically divided state of Yemen were included into one territory, Ali Abdullah Saleh(1978-1990) were the president of South Yemen and on the other hand the rest territory, southern part of the country were ruled by the Yemeni Socialist Party general secretary Ali Salim Al Beidh. They were considered as the Monk of the state who ruled over the general people by their behavior like a dictator. Where Abdullah Saleh was elected as the president of the Republic of Yemen and Salim Al Beidh were selected as the vice president of the republic state. But the most prominent dictator of the two was the president Ali Abdullah Saleh.
Friction with Ali Salim Al Beidh: Although in 1990s the two main leaders of the country were made republic. But their disagreement was focused after that and it did not last long. The friction between them rise to the extreme level. In the agreement they only last for four years. Then,with supporters of them, including the army force it was driven to the most serious civil war(1994). But Abdullah Saleh won and Salim Al Beidh was exiled to Oman. Fifteen years later, Beidh came to his own land Yemen in 2007 and independence wishing people of southern Yemen within their political organization ‘Al-Harak’ came into existence. By using the flow of Arab Spring they wanted to expel the government of Ali Abdullah Saleh and rule the country.
Outcome of Arab Spring: Every history has a background like Yemen. Yemen have a long time martial dictatorship and in 2010, when Arab Spring has taken place, the flow of the spring stroke in Ali Abdullah Saleh government. In 2011, former South Yemeni socialist party ‘Southern Movement'(Al-harak) and former north Yemeni Houthi militia in a body started the movement against the Saleh government. And Saleh administration repressed them strictly by killing thousands of the agitators. On the other hand, agitator’s action against the government was also very rigid. The party of the movement was the Southern Yemen Socialist Party, Southern Movement or Al Harak, and the former Northern Yemeni and Saudi Arabia bordering Jayedi Shia Militia gang ‘Ansarullah’, mainly known as the Hauthi militia gang started moving.
War against Mansour Hadi: March 2011, the movement against the Saleh government gone to an extreme level and by the drone assault of the leftist gang, Saleh was wounded. Then Saleh hand over the power of the president to the Sunni supporter vice president Mansour Hadi as intermeddler president of Yemen and gone to Saudi Arabia. After that when development project was running in the country, Southern Movement and Al-Queda’s activities were increased. And in March 2013, the National Dialogue Conference was held by the political party for making a constitution but they couldn’t unanimous.
In July 2014, American army attacked the Al-Queda on the one hand and Houthi militia ruled over the northern part of the country purposing to control over the Sana region. After these dramatic events Saleh’s People’s party and Houthi did not want to make the government with Mansour Hadi and for that America and United Nations Security Council besieged over them. Saleh’s supporters had been fighting with Houthis against Yemen’s current president, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi. “After that Saleh offered to turn a new page with the Saudi-led coalition with Mr. Hadi. But resurged when he formally allied with Houthi fighters in 2015.” And he was killed on December 4 that is expected to have major implications for the war in the Arab world’s poorest country.
The Islam Republic of Iran:
The common interest for taking place in the conflict in the Middle East is a racial similarity or dissimilarity among various races mainly Shiya and Sunni. Iran is a Shiya supported country. And for Yemen civil war, Iran is a prominent actor that helps the rebellious groups to attack the government.
Iranian Partiality: For the reason of Shiya biased county Iran took their position against the government to work for the Houthis. According to Saudi Arabia and Saudi backed Hadi government Houthi is a proxy of Iran. However, the Houthis are not in Iranian proxies, rather Tehran’s influence is in Yemen is marginal. But their influence is one of the most important issues for the Yemen’s people who are in the conflict. “The Houthis and Saleh wants to seek to overturn the political order that emerged after the uprising of 2011: Saleh wants to return to power, having lost the presidency in the wake of popular protests, while the Houthis a greater say in national affairs.” For the purpose of reformation of the government and make the Shiya biased government, Iran made their decisions to help the rebellious Houthis party to betray against the Sunni biased government. The Houthis did so with the help of Iran and their supporting influential Ali Abdullah Saleh, but failed several times and finally besieged by United Nations Security Council and America.
Ideological Conflict with Saudi Arabia: As Saudi Arabia is a Sunni biased country and has ideological conflict with Iran, the conflict turn into another point that is Iran is working for Shiya and Saudi Arabia for Sunni. They involved fighting against each other for the ideology. And for that the conflict was turned into another flow that is they gave it international concern. Saudi Arabia is a northern country of Yemen and they tried to rule the territory by the Sunni biased government since Yemen has majority people Sunni in the race. Iran is another one that wanted to rule over the Yemen territory by Shiya biased government as there were the Houthis militia group in an increasing level. For this reason, the two countries is continuously helping the rebellious groups and to the government of the country and made the situation more chaotic.
As Saudi is Sunni biased country, it always try to give support to the Sunni and by that the conflict faced another turn. Saudi regards the Houthi militia as Iranian proxies and intervened to check their advance. Also, their air war in support of forces loyal to Hadi, who aim to retake Sana’a from the Houthis. As Saudi Arabia is a neighboring country, its influence on the Yemen is very important. Saudi Arabia is a Sunni biased country and the civil war of Yemen is mainly conducted for race as it has two prominent race one is Sunni and the other is Shiya biased.
Support from the USA: As United Nations always try to control the Middle East, including GCC country, Yemen civil war is an important chance to entrance the GCC. “Despite the major reservation of the United States about Saudi Arabia’s direct military intervention in Yemen and the heavy humanitarian cost, as well as skepticism regarding the ultimate success of the intervention, the US administration had no choice but to come to the Saudi side, and has provided intelligence and logistical support.” Actually they were supported mostly by the US government. United States for their self interest try to help the Saudi to control the Middle East region by them.
Support to Sunni: As we know that Saudi has a biased policy to support the Yemen Sunni people, Saudi government always tries to assist president Mansrur Hadi to be the head of the Yemen’s administration. But there is another party who is also important for the government making that is Iran. And also Saudi Arabia helps the Mansour Hadi to maintain his power on the Yemeni peoples as he is a Sunni biased person.
Support from UN: “The United Nations recognizes the government of Hadi, who is currently in exile in Riyadh, but support for the UK-US position at the UN is fraying.” And also America and United Nations besieged the Houthis for supporting the Saudi Arabia and Yemen’s current government.
The United States:
As the USA has a common interest to control over the Middle East and the country of Gulf Cooperation Councils, Yemen civil war is an important event to influence the gulf area. They came to the gulf area with full enthusiasm after the Arab Spring has taken place in 2010 to make their wish fulfill. In July 2014, their army attacked the northern part of Yemen.
Support to Saudi Arabia: United States use Saudi Arabia to influence the area by supporting them. Saudi Arabia, as a Sunni supported country, try to control Yemen by making the Republic of Yemen with a Sunni biased person. And with the support of the United States they attacked the country with heavy weapons.
National Interest: After second world war United States came to terms as a super power. For maintaining the gained identity, they always try to influence the world by keeping their dominance to them. And strategically Middle East territory, including gulf region is an important point, that’s why America sent their force to the region. Their main focal point is that if they can control Yemen, their influence will embody in the whole region gradually. And they can keep their dominance, power to the whole world to tackle the increasing super power such as China and Russia.
ROLE OF AL-QAEDA:
Al-Qaeda founded in Aganisthan, is a terrorist group, members of which commited killing mass people and make un-orderly situation in the some specific parts of the whole world by the name of Islam. This group, AL-Qaeda, always commites terrorist activities and makes conflicting situation not only in Yemen but also other countries, Iraq, Syria, in particular, the most the of middle-east countries. Although Al-Qaeda was founded in Yemen, now Al-Qaeda operates across the Middle-East including East- Africa, “Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is on the rise in Yemen, coalescing power from the grassroots level to form a de facto government. Since the popular uprisings in 2011, Yemen has devolved into a full-blown civil war, and this has directly resulted in the renewed rise and evolution of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.”
The ongoing conflict between the government of Yemen and Houthis and along with other parties has made a fatal humanitarian crisis in Yemen. The impact of the conflict in Yemen, millions of people who are living under a terrible crisis and thousands of people who are being killed, thousands of people who has fled to other countries. Almost of the people of Yemen now live under the poverty line, lack of rule of law, environmental crisis and political instability.
Millions of people of Yemen need humanitarian assistance to survive them, but due to existing conflicts, the humanitarian assistance is not provided to the people of Yemen. “Two years of conflict have devastated Yemen, left 18 million people in need of some kind of humanitarian assistance and created the largest food security emergency in the world.”
The United Nations estimated 13,045 civilian casualities, including 4,7773 killed, between 26 March, when the coalition air campaign began, and 26 March. As of March, an estimated 18.8 million people-69% of Yemen’s population need some kind of humanitarian or protection assistance, According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Scale of humanitarian crisis in Yemen
Population of Yemen 27million
Those considered food insecure Population of Yemen 17million
Those without access to safe drinking water or sanitation 14.4million
Internally displaced people 2million
Source: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian AffairsBBC
Women and Children: Millions of women and children in Yemen crisis are considered al-mostly helpless, thousands of them who have died from the starvation day after day. An estimated around 3.3 million children and pregnant or breastfeeding women are severely malnourished, and 462,000 children under five who faced fatal malnutrition. The birth rate of Yemen is usually higher, for this reason, thousands of newborn children have to face a terrible crisis by the lack of malnutrition. At this moment of Yemen, there is no employment for women, thousands and thousands of man who has been dying from the war before coming the new child to the world. Thousands of the children, estimated 2 million, who are totally deprived of education, entertainment, from going to school. There is no a proper situation to continue education in school and other institutes, because, educational institute, school, around 1600 and others are approximately perished by the on-going war in Yemen. Thousands of women and children under five, including the newborn child are being died from the war situation, while they want to migrate to other countries to save the life. That represents a 57 increase since late 2015 and threates the lives and life and long life prospects of those affected, according to the United Nations.
Man and Young: Thousands of the man and young persons who are severely displaced and migrated to other countries. Some young persons again are used to carry on the war against the rebellious group in Yemen. An estimated by the World Bank on the situation of Yemen, the poverty rate has doubled to 62%, including public sector salaries in which about 30% of the people are paid only irregularly.
A good number of aid organisations are coming to help Yemen look forward to reducing the humanitarian crisis. More than 70 humanitarian organizations of the world are trying to help those who need aid. As of March 2017, the UN appeal for $2bl to allow help to assist 12 million people in Yemen.
PROSPECT OF SOLUTION:
The Political stability and suitable situation in Yemen is not so easy to be recontinued at a short time. The coalition led the government of Saudi Arabia has taken some effective measures against the Houthis to perish the activities of them and their supporters in Yemen. The effective raids led by the coalition against the Houthis training camps and helping the Yemeni government are very positive matters for making stability and reducing humanitarian crisis in Yemen. Regarding the prospect of the Yemen crisis, wrote by the prominent columnist, Abdulrahman al-Rashed who was the Former General Manager of Al-Arabian news Channel, that “Successful military operations, which have put pressure on the Houthis militias affiliated with Iran, and the march against forces loyal to Ali Abdullah Saleh, will help the international envoy execute his plan”
“Yemen is looking forward to seeing the end of this war, particularly after hearing about an agreement that has been brokered to stop the fighting and resume negotiations in Kuwait on the basis of implementing the Security Council resolutions.This is welcoming and encouraging news.” But political solution and stability and social and economic renewing are not possible to implement overnight. Because, there are a good number of international power bounded country, which of them aim to implement their own interest in Yemen. THE ROLE OF THE GLOBAL MEDIA:
The global media like English news outlet “Aljazeera” led by Quarter, English news agency “Saudigazette” by the government of Saudi Arabia, Yemen’s news outlet “National Yemen”, the prominent news outlet “Independent and Reuters”by the United Kingdom, China’s English news outlet “Xinhuanet”, along with CNN from the United States and the others, are globally playing significant role in the crisis of Yemen.
The every news agency has a specific agenda for their destination according to managerial order. Here Yemen’s news outlet “National Yemen” as a news portal always tries to cast the news on the crisis what’s happing in Yemen according to the government. That’s why millions of people who are readers and viewers of this news agency, they don’t know properly what’s exactly happening there.
As a prominent news agency, Saudigette, by Saudi Arabia performs a significant role not for neutrally, just for the government of Saudi Arabia and its national interest on behalf of the government of Yemen. Then other news outlet CNN from the United States, the Independent and Reurers from the Unites Kingdom, are also playing a very important role, according to their own interests which made the new scenario in Yemen and along with the world politics recent years. The role of global media regarding the Yemen crisis has been described as follows:
The National Yemen: “The Saudi-led Coalition to Restore Legitimacy in Yemen affirmed on Thursday the stability of the situation in the southern city of Aden.The Coalition made its remarks in a statement after a meeting between high-ranking military delegations from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in Aden. The meeting also confirmed Yemeni parties’ commitment to the Coalition Command’s decision for a ceasefire and to restore stability in the southern port city.”
Independent and Reuters: The English news agency, Reuters by UK, explained in their article on the contributions of the world countries in the Yemen crisis that “The United Nations Security Council is considering a British proposal to praise Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates for pledging nearly $1 billion to ease Yemen’s humanitarian crisis, as U.N. experts accuse a Saudi-led military coalition of using “the threat of starvation as an instrument of war” in Yemen”
The Xinhuanet: The prominent news agency, the Xinhuanet by Chin, reported on the crisis of Yemen that “UNICEF highlights impact of war on Yemeni children” speaks upon the efforts of UNICEF and how the crisis in Yemen is making a negative impact on the children and society overall. China, a huge world power, relays the world’s help to mitigate the Yemen crisis.”
The Al-jazeera: Qatar’s English news outlet, Al-jazeera, published in their article on involving of the many foreign countries in Yemen’s war that “In 2015, Saudi Arabia formed a coalition of Arab states to defeat the Houthis in Yemen. The coalition includes Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Egypt, Morocco, Jordan, Sudan and Senegal. Several of these countries have sent troops to fight on the ground in Yemen, while others have only carried out air attacks”. The US, the UK, France and, along with others western countries have been supplying with the weapons and intelligence to the Saudi-led coalition against the rebellious group.
The Saudigazette: The English news agency of Saudi Arabia, Saudigazette, in their article “Ministry of Culture takes part in Yemeni humanitarian initiative” speaks upon how Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Culture and Information is taking part in aiding Yemen through humanitarian efforts.” The Saudigazette also included relations between two countries(Saudi Arabia and Yemen) is not good at this moment, but the government of Saudi Arabia will still help the Yemen government to alleviate the humanitarian crisis.
The RT: The Russian English news outlet, the RT, spoke in their article on the Yemen crisis that the king of Saudi Arabia deposited around 2billion$ to Yemen to back the Yemen currency, although relations between Saudi Arabia and Yemen is not so good at all, but the government of Saudi Arabia interest to help the on-going crisis in Yemen.
The global mass media regarding the war in Yemen have played an important role at all. Noticed in the above that every news agency has own interest in their perspective like the Yemen National news portal by the government of Yemen stood for Yemen not for the actual reason due to happing conflict in Yemen. The prominent news portal, Aljazeera from Qater, playing an important role on behalf of the neutrality, but its has also agenda according to the authority of Qater. The Independent and Reuters, along with the global news portal, the AP, by the United Kingdom and France are usually supporting for the government of Yemen on behalf of the coalition led by Saudi Arabia.
The global mass media regarding the humanitarian crisis and the on-going conflicting situation in Yemen have played the very influential role, which helped to change the global political scenario after all. The prominent mass media such as the Al-jazeera by Qater, Independent and Reuters, including the British Broad Casting by the United Kingdom, the National Yemen by the government of Yemen and other news portal around the world focused the contribution of all parties involving Yemen crisis from at their own perspectives. The emergence of the Houthis and its activities, including the activities of the Al-Qaeda has been given the more priority through focusing by the Aljazeera. The ongoing conflict along with humanitarian crisis in Yemen is cast by the global media, that is why, the powerful countries like international power come to help the Yemeni government to decrease the humanitarian crisis in Yemen. The coalition led the Saudi government and its supporters like western countries are trying to alleviate the Humanitarian crisis by defeating the Houthis and its supporters in Yemen. Some humanitarian aid organizations also trying to help the people of the Yemen by the basic needs for human in Yemen.
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