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Different leadership theories have developed
throughout the years. For decades, there have been source of numerous studies
on the theories of leadership. The developments of leadership studies and
theories over time have created many different theories of leadership. The
history of modern scientific approach to leader can be divided into three
general eras. The three main theoretical frameworks have dominated leadership
research at different points in time.

These included the trait era from late
1800s to mid-1940s, the behavioral era from mid-1940s to early 1970s, and the
contingency or situational era from early 1960s to present. The trait era
commonly believed that leaders, by virtue of their birth, were born to lead
others. Because the trait era did not yield the expected results, researchers
turned to behaviors, rather than traits, as the source of effective leadership.
The behavior era emphasizes what an effect leader does and how they perform. Even
before the behavior era’s lack of success in fully explaining and predicting
leadership effectiveness became evident, researchers were calling for a more
comprehensive approach to understanding leadership. That’s not until the early 1960s;
Fred Fiedler developed a leadership research that moved from simplistic models
based solely on the leader to more complex models that take a contingency point
of view. The contingency era puts forth that the personality, style, or behavior
of effective leaders depends on the requirements of the situation in which the
leaders find themselves.

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            Although each era has made distinct
contributions to the understanding of leadership, the early theories that are
the foundations of modern leadership address either the way leaders use
resources or the relationship between the leader and the follower. While many
different leadership theories have emerged throughout the years, one of many major
theories that was addressed in this week’s
literature are; the Contingency Model, the Normative Decision Model, the
Path-Goal Theory, the Substitutes for Leadership Model, and Leader-Member
Exchange Model.
all these different changes improved leadership
practice by expanding different views of leadership, a deeper look at
the different styles that you can use, and leading
to the board acceptance and establishment of the concept of contingency in
leadership. Leaders often need to adapt their style to fit a specific group or
situation, and this is why it’s useful to gain a thorough understanding of
other styles. These ideas are being employed in public organizations and
non-profit organizations 

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