Diya PatelMrs.Weisinger Honors Sophomore English Per.710 January 2018Wuthering HeightsTable of ContentsSetting and plot (Pg 3-4)Characters and themes (Pg 5-6)Comments on the novel’s continued relevance (Pg 7) Critical reading questions (Pg 8)Drawing of the events (Pg 9)SettingTime· Nelly’s story begins in the 1770s; Lockwood leaves Yorkshire in 1802. Place·Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange.PlotThe novel opens with Lockwood, a tenant of Heathcliff’s. A sequential visit to Wuthering Heights brings forth an accident and an unexpected supernatural encounter, which riles up Lockwood’s inquiring mind. Back at Thrushcross Grange and recovering from his illness, Lockwood begs Nelly Dean, a servant who grew up in Wuthering Heights, to tell him the history of Heathcliff. Nelly narrates the main plot line of Wuthering Heights.The owner of Wuthering Heights, Mr. Earnshaw, a Yorkshire Farmer, brings home an orphan from Liverpool. The boy is named Heathcliff and is raised with the Earnshaw children, Hindley and Catherine. Catherine is obsessed with Heathcliff and Hindley has nothing but hate for Heathcliff. After Mr. Earnshaw’s death, Hindley does what he can to destroy Heathcliff, but Catherine and Heathcliff grow up playing wildly on the moors, oblivious of anything or anyone else — until they encounter the Lintons.Edgar and Isabella Linton live at Thrushcross Grange and are extremely different than Heathcliff and Catherine. The Lintons welcome Catherine into their home but shun Heathcliff. As a result Heathcliff begins to think about revenge. Catherine, at first, splits her time between Heathcliff and Edgar, but soon she spends more time with Edgar, which makes Heathcliff jealous. He leaves Wuthering Heights and is gone for three years.During Heathcliff’s absence, Catherine marries Edgar, even though their union only exists for social class and wealth purposes. Their relationship had already started to wither, but Heathcliff’s arrival strained it further. Heathcliff winds up living with his enemy, Hindley, in Wuthering Heights and marries Isabella, Edgar’s sister to inherit Edgar’s property. Soon after Heathcliff’s marriage, Catherine gives birth to Edgar’s daughter, Cathy, and dies.Heathcliff vows revenge and does not care who he hurts while executing it. He desires to gain control of Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange and to destroy everything Edgar Linton holds dear. In order to exact his revenge, Heathcliff must wait 17 years. Finally, he forces Cathy to marry his son, Linton. By this time he has control of the Heights and with Edgar’s death, he has control of the Grange.Through all of this, though, the ghost of Catherine haunts Heathcliff. What he truly desires more than anything else is to be reunited with his soul mate. At the end of the novel, Heathcliff and Catherine are united in death, and Hareton and Cathy are going to be united in marriage.Comments on the novel’s continued relevance Back in the 1840s Victorian society thought of Wuthering Heights as an abomination with harsh realities. Now, in the modernized world, Wuthering Heights is considered a classic which is still studied and praised. It has now paved its way to dramatic productions, movies and musical retelling. Emily Brontë’s novel has overcome its initial unwelcoming reaction and popularized itself in the hearts of romantics and realists worldwide.However, I for one have found the characters in this novel, especially Heathcliff and Catherine, to be unsympathetic and insensitive. They both have passion and love (for eachother) and their selfish and careless decisions harm everyone including themselves. Revenge, jealousy, and love create a great story but make the characters hard to connect with. The CharactersHeathcliff- Main character. Adopted my Mr. Earnshaw. Catherine’s decision to marry Edgar sets him on a path of hate and revenge. He is abusive, brutal, and cruel.Catherine Earnshaw- The love of Heathcliff’s life. Arrogant and greedy. Chooses Edgar even after she had professed her love for Heathcliff. Ultimately, Catherine’s selfishness ends up hurting everyone she loves, including herself.Edgar Linton- Catherine’s husband and Heathcliff’s rival. Rich and high up in the social class. Falls in love with and marries Catherine. His love for her enables him to overlook their incompatible natures.Cathy Linton- Daughter of Catherine and Edgar. Reminds the reader of her mother’s characteristics. Linton Heathcliff- Son of Heathcliff and Isabella. Marries Cathy for (Heathcliff’s) revenge.Hareton Earnshaw- Catherine’s nephew, son of Hindley. His generous heart enables the two of them to eventually fall in love and marry.Ellen (Nelly) Dean-The primary narrator and Catherine’s servant. Lockwood- Heathcliff’s tenant at Thrushcross Grange and the impetus for Nelly’s narration. Hindley Earnshaw- Catherine’s brother. Jealous of Heathcliff, he takes a bit of revenge on Heathcliff after his father dies. Mr. and Mrs. Linton- Edgar’s parents. Nurse Catherine back to health and introduce he to upper society.Isabella- Edgar’s sister. Gives birth to Heathcliff’s son.Zillah- Heathcliff’s housekeeper. Saves Lockwood from a pack of dogs and serves as Nelly’s source of information at Wuthering HeightsThemesLove— both romantic and brotherly but, oddly enough, not erotic — applies to the principal characters as well as the minor ones. Brontë’s exploration of love is best discussed in the context of love versus hate. Although the polarities between love and hate are easily understood, the differences are not that easily applied to the characters and their actions.Because of his hate, Heathcliff resorts to what is another major theme in Wuthering Heights — revenge. Hate and revenge intertwine with selfishness to reveal the conflicting emotions that drive people to do things that are not particularly nice or rationale. Some choices are regretted while others are relished.Every character has at least one redeeming trait or action with which the reader can empathize. This empathy is a result of the complex nature of the characters and results in a depiction of life in the Victorian Era, a time when people behaved very similarly to the way they do today.Critical Reading QuestionsWhy does Emily Bronte choose to have so many narrators? How does it help to have the story told in various points of views?Do you think Heathcliff’s cruelty is justified?Both settings are imagined in isolated places? How does this affect the novel?A major part of the Victorian era is social status and social climbing. How does this affect each major character and their actions?In detail, explain what Heathcliff is “obsessed” with?