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Documents later showed up saying that Galileo had suffered neither imprisonment nor torture. The sentence was decreed and he was never held in prison. When he moved back to Florence, he made a request to be allowed to go to a church to attend mass, he was never excommunicated by the church for his believes in science. His remains were buried at the Church entrance when he died.  In 1820, the censorship of Copernicanism was withdrawn by the Holy Office, taken on the discoveries made by two Italian astronomers.Between 1789 and 1792 in Bologna, Giovanni Battista Guglielmini proved Earth moves in a twofold motion by making measurements and observing bodies moved slightly to the east, proving Galileo right. He also gave proof of Earth’s rotation with experiments involving bodies falling from a high tower. Giuseppe Calendrelli confirmed motion of the earth by measuring the parallax of star Alpha; he presented his findings to Pope Pius VII. The opposed attitude towards science was slowly changing. The Holy Office granted an imprimatur to the work of Canon Settele in 1822; Copernicanism was presented as a physical fact instead as a hypothesis.On July 3, 1981, Paul II appointed a commission to study and publish all available documents relating to the trial. Pope JOhn Paul II said, “That it would be imprudent (unwise) or unreasonable to reject it”, that a scientific discovery should not be rejected if it can be proven right. In a letter to the Director of the Vatican Observatory, he went on to say, “Science can purify religion from error and superstition; religion can purify science from idolatry and false absolutes. Regarding Galileo, he agreed he was “imprudently opposed”. Pope Cardinal Poupard, head of the current investigation said, “We today know that Galileo was right in adopting the Copernican theory”. The church accepted science and showed that science and religion can go hand in hand. This was a huge step for the church as well as the people, to come out of their accepted ideas and be open minded to new ones. The church was forced into accepting new discoveries rather than shutting them down or threatening. After the trial, the church had to put together a committee to investigate Galileo’s findings as well as others. Galileo was suggesting there is a place for both Holy doctrines as well as scientific doctrine and he attempts to prove this through his trial and book. Galileo changed how people and the Church view science, before the Bible was the final word. He did not oppose the bible, church of faith directly, his sole purpose was for knowledge of science. He believed the Bible was not wrong, just interpreted incorrectly. A high-ranked priest once said, “That the intention of the Holy Ghost is to teach us how one goes to heaven, not how heaven goes.” He wanted everyone to know that you can believe in both science and religion. His courage inspired many upcoming scientists and shook the church for the better. Galileo had a huge impact on the world then and now, he changed the relationship between science and religion forever.

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