Drones-are typically identified
as unmanned aircraft that can fly autonomously. One of
the founding fathers of the remotely controlled vehicle idea was the inventor –
Tesla. Tesla was the first man to patent a remote-control for unmanned vehicles in
First aircrafts to be considered
as drones were built during World War I. In 1916 leading the way, using A. M. Low’s radio control techniques, was Ruston Proctor Aerial
Target. They were used as
“aerial torpedoes”, an early version of today’s cruise missiles. They were controlled by gyroscopes produced by Elmer Sperry of the Sperry
Gyroscope Company. The cruise
missile in the form of a small airplane named Larynx was launched from warships and flown under
autopilot; They were tested from 1927 through 1929 by the Royal Navy.
In 1930sThe early successes of drones led to
the development of radio
controlled target aircraft in Britain and the US. In 1931
the British developed only three Fairey Queen radio-controlled targets from the Fairey IIIF floatplane. In1935 followed up this experiment by
developing larger numbers of other RC targets. The “DH.82B Queen Bee”
was developed from the De Havilland
Tiger Moth biplane trainer
prototype. The name of “Queen Bee” is said to have started the use of
the term “drone” for pilotless aircraft, particularly when they are
U.S. Navy, continuing work that reached back to 1917, was also
experimenting with radio-controlled aircraft. In 1936, was the first time head
of this research group used the term “drone” to identify
radio-controlled aerial targets.
First large-scale drone was produced by Reginald
Denny. He was in the British Royal Flying
Corps during World War I. He immigrated
to the United States in 1919, to find his fame in Hollywood as an actor. In
1930s Denny finally made a name for himself as an actor, but also pursued his
interest in radio
control aircraft. He and his
business partners came up with “Reginald Denny Industries” and opened
a model plane store in 1934 on Hollywood
Boulevard known as “Reginald
Denny Hobby Shops”. The shop tuned into the “Radioplane
Company”. Denny was positive that low-cost RC aircraft would be
very useful to train anti-aircraft gunners. In 1935 he demonstrated a prototype
target drone to the US Army named RP-1. Denny then bought a design from Walter
Righter. In 1938 he started marketing it to hobbyists as the
“Dennymite”, and presented it to the Army as the RP-2, and after many
modifications as the RP-3 and RP-4. In 1940, Denny with his partners won an Army
contract for their radio controlled RP-4, which later became known as Radioplane OQ-2. They produced almost fifteen thousand
drones for the army in World War II.
Edward M. Sorensen was the true inventor of a
radio-controlled aircraft that could fly out of sight. His invention was the
first to know from a ground terminal, what the airplane was doing, such as
climbing, altitude, banking, direction, rpm and other important information. The
early radio-controlled aircraft couldn’t operate within visual sight of the ground
pilot without these patents.
There are many types of drones
but here are some of the basic types most commonly known by are fixed wing,
single to multirotor, and fixed wing to Multirotor hybrid. These drones are
more common because they tend to be more quiet and are for smaller tasks.
Drones are mostly used and needed for the
military so they can use the drone to gather critical data without human
fatality do to external forces. Drones are used to film videos , take pictures
for movies, weather, and personally to take pictures and video from angles not able
to from hand devise. Drones are also raced at a hobby level.
Future of drone technology
relies on two industries government and commercial. The military will surley
expand on to build more complicated drones considering the success it is been
having using them.
The commercial side for them is
still fresh but still shows growth with 19% between 2015 and 2020, also with 5%
growth on the military side, according to BI Intelligence, Business Insider’s
premium research service. With commercial side in a tremendous increase drones
are here to stay.
Big obstacle that drones have, is
the rise in laws prevention drones for flight in certain arias whether for
government use or personal privacy laws drones do have a problem in fitting the
modern society. Government agencies also can’t use their drones because of
privacy laws. If you want to find about you area you have to know your local
law because every state takes different approach.
In California the Federal
Aviation Administration requires that all Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems
owners follow strict regulations and laws. You will need to file your name,
home address and your email address as a start. From there, you will receive a
Certificate of Aircraft Registration and Proof of Ownership. These will include
an identification number for your aircraft. You must have this number displayed
on your drone at all times. The number will be valid for up to three years.
All aircraft that weighs more
than 0.55 pounds, or 250 grams, and less than 55 pounds, or 25 kilograms, must
be registered. This also includes any added payloads, such as an onboard
camera. You must be at least 13-years-old in order to register and, effective
December 21st, 2015, all newly purchased or made drones must be registered
before their first flight. You are able to register through a paper-based
Calls it drones, flying robot, unman
aircraft, or whatever you please they are becoming a very big industry people
seem to enjoy the idea of controlling an object without physically being there.
It also has been a tremendously successful in the areas that it’s been used. I
think drones are here to stay and day by day expand their purpose into even
more application. In the future drones might be used in more sports for
filming. The army has 21
known types of drones but surly the technology will expand and there will be
many more type of drones even such as robots.
I think that drones will expand
in the future as long as we keep advancing the functions and devices to use the
technology in. I would like to conclude that drones in my mind have a very
evolving future after all a drone is some kind of machine with a function
directed by a human and that says a lot
about our future both negative and positive.
Adrian. ” Drones for peace and protection.” The Sentinel Project. Web. 17 Apr.
Kroc, Joan B. School of Peace Studies. “What are drones
used for? Research on drones for good.” University of San Diego, Web, 2015.
Edward. “Drones: they come for peace.” The Telegraph . Web. 22 Jan 2014,
Thomas, Andrew, ” How to Use Drones to do Stunning Aerial
Photography.” Digital Photography School, Web, 2006-2017 https://digital-photography-school.com/how-to-use-drones-to-do-stunning-aerial-photography/
Bartsch, Ronald I. C. ,Coyne, James, Gray, Katherine. Drones in society: exploring
the strange new world of unmanned aircraft / Ron Bartsch, James Coyne and
Katherine Gray. London; New York : Routledge/Taylor &
Francis Group, 2017.
Martin J., Drones: an illustrated guide to the unmanned aircraft that are
filling our skies / Martin J. Dougherty. London : Amber
Kreps, Sarah E. (Sarah Elizabeth), Drones : what everyone needs to know, New
York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2016
History of drones
II Types of drones
III Future of drones