The UK’s full name is the United Kigdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Heptarchy- Seven Kingdoms
from Southern Sweden and Germany
Angles, Saxons, and Jutes
were not afraid of anything
invaded England peacefully
captured by the raiding cells and was brought to Ireland. He converted the Irish captors to Christianity.
carried Christianity to Iona
spread eastward to establish famous monastariesSt. Gregory the Great
sent St. Augustine from Rome w/ 40 monks to convert Angles into Angles.
converted King Ethelbert of Kent
Alfred the Great
King of Wessex
Father of English Prose
Most important writer in England
tells the Story of Caedmon
The Dream of the Road
homilies and sermons, lives of the saints
‘Colloqy on the Occupations’
gives a splendid picture of Anglo-Saxon
a long narrative poem on a great and serious subject related in an elevated style, and centered on a heroic or quasi-divine figure on whose actions depends the fate of a tribe, a nations, or the human race.
He is greater in all ways.
The setting is vast in scope.
The actions consists of deeds of valor or superhuman courage.
Supernatural forces interest themselves in the action and intervene at times. The intervention of the gods is called “machinery”.
Spear Danes- Sweden
it is in Sweden
means “deer” in Anglo-Saxon
it is a place of peace and community but between the sea shore and the forest
Hruntingsword used by Beowulf to kill Grendel’s mother.
The Story of Beowulf Characters
Grendel’s Mother and Dragon
it all started with the Norman invasion 1066 by William the Conqueror.
The Dark Age
introduced the notions of Chivalry and Knighthood
established Oxford and Cambridge – help to increase learning.
Henry II / Henry Plantagenet
“planta genesta”- broom flower
holy war or great military expedition.
allegiance to the king
reverence to women
faith in God
Unity of Saxons and Normans
Religion: common denominator that made an ultimate fusion of the two cultures possible
Magna Charta (great charter) from King John in 1215.
they realized that they were children of God.
Heaven is their ultimate home.
exhilaration was in the air.
Growth of Town Life
London: originally built by Romans and England’s largest trading center.
A Time of Upheaval
Hundred Years of War (1337-1437)
Religion ; Culture suffered
War of the Roses
White Rose emblem of the House of York
Red Rose emblem of the House of Lancaster
the name comes from artos viros (bear man)
He married Guinevere.
aristocrats of the battlefield
each knight had is own Insignia (Coal of Arms)
Code of Honor
vow to love God
vow to respect women
vow to right all wrongs
Knight’s pure and stainless life
allegiance to the King
Eternity of God
Knights of Arthur
fell in love with Guinevere
most loyal and trusted knight
Sir Gawainebecame Lancelot’s bitter enemy
who always looked for adventure and action
devoted to Lancelot
Sir Gaherisacted as Gawaine’s conscience
Sir Bors de Ganisonly knight who survived the Quest for the Holy Grail
has mystical powers
Sir Percivalegrail knight
Sir Lamoraklover of MorgueseSir Ector
father of Sir Kay
foster father of Arthur
close friend to Arthur
magician and prophet
The Lady of the Lake
also known as Vivien
gave Arthur the Excalibur
Morgan Le Fay
half sister of Arthur
used black magic
land of Arthur
THE DEATH OF ARTHUR
Sir Lucan ; Sir Bedivere lifted him up
went to a little chapel
heard the people cry, sent Sir Lucan to the Field
saw thieves and robbers stealing brooches, beads, jewels, and armors
told King Arthur what he saw
advised King Arthur to go to some town
he can’t stand because his head is aching
Lucan and Bedivere took the king’s side and lifted him up
when Lucan lifted Arthur, he fell in a swoon which caused his heart to burst and die
told Bedivere to take his Excalibur and go to the waterside and throw the sword into the water and come back and tell Arthur what he saw
Bedivere thought to himself that if he shall throw the sword into the water nothing will come but harm and loss
He hid the sword under a tree
said that he saw nothing but waves and winds
Arthur knew that he was lying and he said “traitor untrue” noble knight would betray Arthur for the richness of the sword
he followed Arthur’s will
Bedivere threw the sword unto the water and he saw something
a hand caught the sword of Arthur and shook it thrice and vanished
he told Arthur what he saw and suddenly a barge came and there are queens on it wearing black hood
Arthur joined the 3 queens and they will go into the vale of Avilion where his wounds will be healed
(ang Canterbury tales ay nadun sa binigay ni maam kaya hindi kona canopy hehe tsaka kayo na magbasa nung pardoners tale at 3 ballads hehe)
used at the end of the sentence
Period / full stop
I can’t find my keys.
Please be on time.
am- ante meridiem / before midday
pm- post meridiem / after midday
e.g.- exempli gratia / for example
etc.- et cetera / and the rest
i.e.- id est/ in other words
use a it only after an interrogative question
Will you go with me?
when a sentence is a half statement
You do care, don’t you?
to show emotions, emphasis, and surprise
Commas with compound sentences
We saw many beautiful sights on our vacation, but we spent far too many hours on the road .Commas between items in a series
Series of Words
We packed a tent, a stove, several sleeping bags, and plenty of food.
Series of Phrases
He wanted to walk Boston’s Freedom Trail, to see Walden’s Pond, and to sit on Bunker Hill.
Series of Clauses
Commas with Parenthetical Expressions
Names of people being addressed
I’ll start dinner, Dad, in a while.
We left, therefore, an hour late.
Commas with places, date, and titles
We visited Calamba, Laguna last July 29
Wednesday, October 25, is my birthday
CREDITS KAY MATT SAWALI