History of Piano
Piano, how, when where and were being the piano invented.
thousands of years ago it likely happen that a man figured something out if a stretchy material is fastened between 2 rigid Poles and then plucked it makes a musical sound manipulating the material or the relative tightness of the band give rise to different sounds and behold the piano had its inception the hammer dulcimer is considered the earliest ancestor of the piano based on the fact that the strings were played by striking them with a small hammer the psaltery on the other hand was played by plucking the strings with a plectrum or finger as time went on more improvements were made to these early designs in the mid 12th century we started to see the strings put into rigid boxes and keys and to play each string eventually we have what is today recognized as the clavichord around 1350 the Germans started putting different types of strings through steel plates at that time strings might have been made out of iron, gold, silver, brass, gut, horsehair, and nylon, by 1400 a clavichord had ten strings since about 1450 the keyboard arrangement that we have on the modern piano has remained basically the same the only difference being that the color of the keys originally the white keys were black and The Black Keys were white and the early 14 hundreds we have the 1st mention of harpsichords which were much more developed clavichords usually harpsichords had about 4 octaves and were played by means of keys connected to individual plectrums that plucked the strings as the keys was pressed the big problem until now of course single pluck of a single string that could not be made louder or softer or be sustained
Bartolomeo Cristofori (Born May 4, 1655, Paduan, Republic of Venice Italy—died January 27, 1732, Florence), was the first one who invented the piano, in 1688 people were really interested in music but not by inventing and thinking of new instruments so music was highly used by people for entertainment, while prince Ferdinando de Medici at that time hired Bartolomeo Cristofori to maintain his musical instruments but as we all know that Bartolomeo Cristofori always wants to invent a new instrument, while Bartolomeo Cristofori was maintaining the instruments he had a lot of time to think. In 1698 he started working on the
First piano ever, Bartolomeo Cristofori then published the fist piano in 1700s which he called it the piano forte which means soft louds, before that the Dominant keyboard instruments like the clavichord and harpsichord these were fairly popular but they had certain limitations you could only play them in one volume wasn’t really loud enough to keep up with the orchestras, Bartolomeo Cristofori invented a different sort of keyboard which he called it the piano forte as we said he could play both loudly and softly the difference is in the mechanics with a harpsichord clavichord when you hit a key influx a string this news no matter how hard you hit the key the sound will come out and say volume with a piano you had a key and hammer strikes the stream this allows two real differences, first the note sounds louder or softer depending on how hard you strike the key and therefore how hard the hammer strikes the string seconded the rings out it sustains until you let the key go, all this basically serve to make the piano more expressive dynamic instrument, composers and musicians are suddenly able to create short percussive sounds or full legato textures roar to fill big concert halls or whispered small intimate parlor rooms a company Full orchestras or plain rich harmonic songs all alone, the piano really started take off in popularity 19th century with the rise of the 1st piano super stars including Frederic Chopin and France least overtime inventors added more keys a stronger frames, better sound boards, steel wire strings and a whole bunch of other stuff to give the piano and bigger richer sound they also added pedals which we still use today the leftmost is the damper which allows you to soften the sound the middle can be different on different pianos is most commonly the sostenuta which is rarely used today but sustained certain notes
the one on right is the most commonly used is called the sustain pedal which lets you hold notes even after you left to key go, the technology for the keyboard started to develop the early 20th century with an electronic instrument like the owned Martino In the sixties inventers began producing commercially available portable synthesizers that generate all sorts of crazy sounds, by the eighties instruments could communicate digital both Each other with computers, In Europe was between 1600 and 1700 and was characterized by music that was complex and highly ornamented organs and harpsichords were the 2 most popular keyboard instruments of the Baroque with the invention of the pianoforte music became much more simplistic because of the ability to play with different dynamics ornaments were no longer needed this was the beginning of the classical period.
As christofori’s ideas spread across Europe and renters in the 1700s added to the pianoforte in order to make it sound bigger better and louder however some of these designs were not a success by 1800 the piano forte had made its way to America where manufacturers such as Steinway & Sons chickering in Boston Massachusetts and Weber began to take charge the Americans made some of the greatest improvements on the pianoforte soon the name pianoforte was declared too lengthy and was quickly short in to simply piano By 1775 the original christofori style piano had spread into many countries now this original design was being converted into a much more usable form, the Viennese piano had a light touch it with a light hammer action which made it perfect for quick repeating notes often found in the works of Haydn and Mozart the English piano had a much heavier hammer action and the touch was less elastic where the pianos fragile the English piano couldn’t be used in compositions with heavy crescendos and Majestic chords within these categories different shapes of pianos were born, the square piano was one of the most popular forms of the piano and the late 1700 in early 1800s the square piano had the shape and construction of a clavichord and was created to take up less room in homes the frame for this piano was invented by 1825 the upper range of the piano could have heavier string and cross stringing created extra room in the sound Box
Nowadays you can pretty much find keyboards makes any sound you want to make including the sound and feel pretty similar to the piano I can’t help it but wonder what kind of notes he would have gone to if he had the choices we had today.