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people face a lot of stigmatisation from the general public which in turn make
them feel that their don’t have identities and their self-esteem is also
affected. Homelessness can present problems to people on the street such as
abuse, mental illness or substance misuse. Lack of support network increases
the way people without a home are being looked down on. Homelessness is based
on negative stereotypes that people are communicating and also the way they are
considered to be invisible and they are regarded as being lazy and worthless. Homeless
people are being blamed by the conditions or situations they are in by the
society. Homeless people are considered to be of low class. People do not
usually communicate with homeless people (Chaturvedi, 2014).

 Homeless people are seemed as not having the
same rights and attributes as everyone else. Homeless people is the label they
are known as and they are categorises as being rootless and also as a
disappointment. Homeless people face some form of victimisation such as thefts,
being beaten, all sort of abuse especially sexual assault. These tend to be
more serious with people with mental illnesses and also with people with
disability (Belcher and DeForge, 2012). An insight into a life of a homeless person
showed that loneliness, isolation and stress were the top issues that had to be
dealt with once labelled as homeless.

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overall wellbeing of individuals is affected and it seemed close to impossible
to gain life back even after everything becomes well or help is given. (Lippert
and Lee, 2015).


1.    Physical
aspect of homelessness

is associated with poor health of the individuals due to the fact that are
exposed to the weather especially during the cold winter. They are prone to
infections and violence and taking into account the limitations of medical
assistance and also food insecurity. Mortality and morbidity rates are higher
when it comes to homelessness and people without a home are seen as vulnerable.
Homeless people face isolation due to the fact that people do not want to
associate with them or to include them in whatever activities. Certain services
are not make available to homeless people and sometimes they end up begging on
the street.

 (Henwood, Cabassa, Craig and Padgett, 2013).

A research conducted by Perry and Craig (2015) showed
that homeless people tend to develop physical and mental health issues and
their health is much poorer than that of someone living in a house. Some of the
problems experienced by homeless people include cardiovascular and respiratory
conditions, liver damage and wound infections which associated with wounds not
been attended to. It seems impossible for homeless people to
afford any prescribed medication which leads to their health deteriorating and
sometimes can lead to death. Homeless people tend to have a higher rate of
attempted suicide and self-harm.

Analysis from Carpenter-Song, Ferron and
Kobylenski (2016) highlighted the fact that “homeless people are more likely to die young, with an
average age of death of 47 years old and even lower for homeless women at 43,
compared to 77 for the general population, 74 for men and 80 for women. It is
important to note that this is not life expectancy; it is the average age of
death of those who die on the streets or while resident in homeless accommodation.”
These findings stipulate that it is not easy to be homeless and also people’s
lives are being impacted in different ways.

2.    Emotional
aspect of homelessness

people tend to have feeling of not being wanted by the society they live in and
they feel left out. They are included in activities. They feel like nobody care
to listen or understand the circumstances they are facing. They feel that
should care more and show them attention and accord them of the respect they
deserve as human beings. The frustration and fear they have to go through
knowing that they is nowhere for them to go to and there might be able a meal
throughout the day. Homeless people feel like their voices are being heard and
they feel left out. It is not easy to get needs met once you become homeless.
Staffs usually dictate what to be done for some people that got the chance to
be care for while they are homeless. The feeling of not having an identity
seems to be a common problem for homeless people. Care and compassion should be
shown to homeless people in order to help them overcome their fear, frustration
and isolation.(Norman,
Pauly, Marks and Palazzo, 2015)

people are seen based on their appearance, this may be due to the fact they
have the resources needed such as clean clothes. Homeless people feel rejected
and that nobody looks at them when they are on the street and in some worst
cases people will hold their noses due to the odour around them. This sends a
straight message that homeless people are no to be mingled with and they need
to be avoided. The worst part is when some people of the society decide to take
advantage of homeless people by either stealing what they have or even to the
extent of sexually assaulting them. Homeless people feel disheartened when such
things happen and they find it really hard to adjust.

and Sisselman-Borgia, 2017)

3.    Cognitive
aspect of homelessness

might have an impact on the brain functioning. Homeless people leave in a fear
of being attacked or abuse when they are on street. They tend to develop
different mental problems due to the fact that they smoke to relieve stress,
use of drugs and substance misuse. Homeless people with mental health issues
develop neurocognitive impairment. Homeless people do not feel that they are
protected enough. Cognitive impairment might affect the way people behave,
communicate and respond to certain situations or conditions. They might be
aware of their environment but would not be able to comprehend how long they
will have live where they are living. Homeless people with disability might
find themselves in a very vulnerable way where they might not be able to take
part in certain activities or the ability to live independently. (Stergiopoulos
et al., 2015)

homeless people tend to develop chronic homelessness. It looks impossible for
people with homeless issue to be offered a job. Their level of dependency
becomes high and they become disorientated especially if they are in care
provision. They seem to appreciate the help of people that show care and a sense
of belonging to them.

Roy and Topolovec-Vranic, 2015)

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