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the year 2015, when the refugee movement is at its peak, the EU has recommended
the establishment of a quota system by suspending the Dublin Agreement and
setting the refugee quota for each country that it should adopt. The aim was to
fairly share the burden and cost of asylum seekers, especially those
concentrated in Germany, between EU countries.1 According
to this quota system, 160,000 asylum seekers in Italy and Greece were planned
to be placed in EU member states within two years. However, the quota proposal
for equal sharing of immigrants from Europe has been challenged and encountered
serious resistance by partners such as Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovenia,
England, France and Hungary.2 As
a result, according to the figures of the EU Commission, only 16,340 asylum
seekers could be placed in other EU countries as of April 10, 5 thousand of
them from Italy and 11, 340 from Greece.3

            Disagreements or differences in
practice among EU member states continue at the technical level. However, the
actual debate that has to be drawn to accepting the Syrians has begun to take
place in a political sense. At this point, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor
Orban’s statement on 3 September 2015, that “Syria’s acceptance of Europe
as a threat to the Christian identity of Europe”4,
is the greatest proof of the problem that EU have a different approach to the
crises rather the humanitarian point of view. On
the other hand, before the crisis grew, there was a public statement that some
European countries has applied religious criteria and give priority to
non-Muslim Syrians to grant asylum.5

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            In particular, Hungary has rejected
the quota system of the EU Commission and taken the decision in order to prevent
the Syrians to enter into its territory by investing
more than 100 million euros6 to
build razor-wire fence at its border and even arrest them.7
Moreover, some countries have closed its border with the wire mesh, like
Makedonia with Greek border, Slovenia and Hungary with Serbian border and Bulgaria
with Turkey. What is even worse is that both of which are members of the EU,
Croatia has closed its border with Slovenia, Slovenia with Austria, and Croatia
with Hungary by setting wire mesh to block the passage of refugees to the
borders. Europe, which had destroyed the walls in 1990, began to put up a wall
again to keep away from Syrian refugee from their borders.8

            Besides, it is not possible to say
that the problems that asylum seekers faced will be fully resolved even if they
accepted into European countries. Rigid treatments against asylum seekers also
support this claim. Denmark has enacted the proposal which gave right to seize
the valuable goods of asylum seekers that exceed $1400 as a reason for the
costs of the people who reach the country.9
Moreover, the doors of the homes of asylum-seekers in the Middlesbrough, a town
of England, were painted red, and in Wales’s capital, Cardiff, it was obliged
to wear wristbands for asylum seekers to get food. However, after the hard
reaction, the wristbands application was terminated.

            On the one side, the EU member
states claim to be leader in the protection of human rights and most of the
strategy documents published by them states that the rights given to immigrants
and minorities should be brought closer to the rights granted to their
citizens. However, on the other side, they do not even allow people from most
third world and Middle Eastern countries to come into their own land send away
those who are already on European land. The contradictory point is in here that
while EU which has been founded on liberal and democratic values and
emphasizing human rights in the strictest sense, it prevents those in need of
access to their own countries and eliminates the right of asylum of those in
need of protection.

is in a process of change which is inevitable but also so challenging. In this
process which Assad regime does not hesitate to use violence, the increasing
number of dead and the situation in the country brings to mind the question of
when and how it will end. Depending on the uncertainty of the situation, the
refugee problem seems not to end in the near feature. That’s why the role of
international institutions is becoming more important.

            The refugee crisis has showed that
EU has many shortcomings to deal with the situation. As well as they were not
ready to face such a massive refugee flux, because of different understanding
on the resettlement of refugees, members continued to clash with each other and
sparked a rift between them. As a result of the increasing irregular migration
movements towards the EU, the importance of “Fortress Europe”, where
the safety of outer borders has been increased, has gained importance in many
member states.10
In addition, the removal of internal borders with the Schengen system has led
to increased security concerns within the Union. Increases in domestic security
concerns and the number of immigrants and asylum seekers reaching the EU are
leading the EU’s recent immigration policy.11

            Although the protection of
asylum-seekers as a component of the human rights are the cornerstone of the
EU’s foundation, the policies of the EU intuitions aiming to prevent irregular
migration and             refoulement the
migrants, rather than promoting human rights and opening new legal channels. 12

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