Site Loader

In 1932 the National Socialist German Workers’ Party or Nazi Party lead by Adolf Hitler won about 40 percent of the electorate vote after they promised to fix all of Germany’s problems. These ‘Nazis’ took became the largest party in the German Parliament and pushed their ideologies through the German people. Hitler had very extreme beliefs, yet he was very convincing to the Germans and many saw him as Germany’s savior. Hitler was able to gain control of Germany because, he promised to take the German people out of the Great Depression, he overturned the harsh policies put on Germany during the Treaty of Versailles, and used Jews and communists as scapegoats for all of these grim conditions in Germany. One reason Hitler rose to power was his promise to take Germany out of the Great Depression and restore the once great German economy. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum stated that, “In Germany, six million are unemployed by June 1932. Economic distress contributes to a meteoric rise in the support for the Nazi party.” This shows how influential the Nazi Party was to common German citizens, and that unemployed people desperate for work are attracted to the party’s policies.  The Biography also looked on how the Great Depression affected Hitler’s rise by stating,  “With millions unemployed, the Great Depression in Germany provided a political opportunity for Hitler. Germans were ambivalent to the parliamentary republic and increasingly open to extremist options.” Many people were tired and this was driven to a point where even people with very extreme views like Hitler can still win an election. They really thought that extreme far-right ideologies could make Germany what it used to be. Hitler used the Great Depression as an advantage to have a chance in Germany’s election, and millions saw his views surprisingly appealing leading to a new fascist ideology dominating the polls. The Great Depression was one of the main reasons on how the Nazis came to power but another huge reason was because of the Treaty of Versailles, or the treaty that ended WW1. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum listed this as one of the reasons the Nazis won the German election by saying, “Germany, under threat of invasion, is forced to sign the treaty. Among other provisions, Germany accepts responsibility for the war and agrees to make huge payments, limit its military to 100,000 troops, and transfer territory to its neighbors.”  The Nazis wanted to overturn these terms, leading to them gaining popularity among the votes. The Weimar Republic, or the country made from the ruins of the German Empire was very weak and unstable, so this failed country paved the way for Nazi Germany’s rise. The Biography mentioned how Hitler viewed this treaty stating, ” He found the Treaty of Versailles degrading, particularly the demilitarization of the Rhineland and the stipulation that Germany accept responsibility for starting the war.”  Hitler wanted a strong military to defend the “Fatherland” and the treaty prevented this. Hitler also thought that WW1 was not started by Germany and that Germany only made the war a larger conflict than it initially was due to the war starting when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, leading to him thinking that these huge payments should not have been put on Germany. Germany was put under very harsh conditions after their loss in WW1, the Weimar Republic was weak, and Hitler believed that Germany should have not been forced to pay such a huge war payment so after promising to overturn these conditions the Nazis had a strong foothold in the election. The loss in WW1 was a major reason on why Hitler gained power but the Nazis also had another strategy to win at the polls and that is to use Jews and communists as scapegoats for all of Germany’s problems. Anne Frank House concluded that many Germans at this time hated Jews and communists by stating, “Many nationalists and conservatives believed that Germany had not lost the war on the battlefield but due to betrayal from within, by a ‘stab in the back.’ Socialists, communists and particularly Jews were blamed.”  Ethnic Germans had a grudge against Jews and communists for causing them to lose the war, causing all of the problems in Germany in the aftermath. This feel of anti-semitism and anti-communism was further escalated by Hitler’s speeches and the Nazi Party. The Anti Defamation League stated why Nazis hated Jews and communists by saying, “With the rise to power of the Nazis, the views that helped turn anti-Semitism into official government policy included belief in the inborn superiority of ‘Aryans,’ or whites; belief that Jews destroyed societies; and that Jews already controlled world finance, business, media, entertainment, and Communism.”  Hitler and the Nazi Party believed that Jews and communists were ruining the world and because of this they killed millions of them off in an event known as the Holocaust. They were also discriminated against in Nazi Germany with Jews being segregated from Germans, a parallel to the United States at the time when they segregated blacks just because of the color of their skin. The Nazis saw Jews and communists as the main causes of the world’s problems and through discrimination parallel to segregation of blacks in the US and genocide, they exercised their beliefs. Surely the Nazi Party gave clear promises to the people of Germany that they could not resist, including taking the country out of the Great Depression, repealing the Treaty of Versailles, and blaming communists and Jews for Germany’s problems. Hitler was popular among the people after he promised to take the country out of the Depression, and with people desperate for work as well as going hungry, this promise helped him rise to power. The loss in WW1 also helped him rise as people were angry that a harsh treaty such as the Treaty of Versailles can be put against Germany’s ambitions, and cause the failed as well as unpopular Weimar Republic to be formed. For all of these problems that Germany had, the Nazis blamed Jews and communists for them all, and this caused the discrimination and genocide against them carried out by the Nazi Party. Even if Hitler was a horrible person, he still convinced the German people of a world with completely different ideologies, shaped how the 20th century turned out to be like, and he reminded the world how horrible a regime can be so his rise to power taught the world to never repeat this again.

Post Author: admin


I'm Erica!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out