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In different cultures and civilizations of the past, women had a very diverse role as a person. Being a woman, the power and intelligence  of women was always underestimated and very often men treated women like their belonging. Women were expected to get married, have children, work in the home and obey their husbands.  Only in very rare occasion, in some societies, women were free and had some protection by law. Nevertheless, back than, in societies men still were more privileged in many different ways. This led to beginning of a movement since mid 19th century,  where women, who were always thought to be the lowest class of societies, started fighting for their rights and freedoms which is known as the women’s movement or feminist movement. Women’s movement is more known as the Feminist movement, which refers to a series of political campaigns to bring changes to differents types of rights that women would like to have. This includes but not limited to reproductive rights, equal pay, maternity leave, violence against women, sexual harassment and violence. The idea of equal rights for all people started out  in the 18th century. In western civilization, the social movement for women’s rights begins in the second half of the 19th century when women  presented themselves as a political party to fight for their rights and the term “feminism” starts to spread throughout the World, as well as, the word itself is  very often used in Europe.  The history of the modern western feminist movements is divided into three “waves”. The first-wave of  feminism was oriented around the  middle class white women and involved   the fight to vote and political elections and political equality. During the  second-wave of feminism,  women attempted to further initiate changes regarding of social and cultural inequalities in their societies. Although during the first wave of feminism, the women that rebelled consisted of middle class white women. However,  the second wave brought in women of color and women from other developing nations that were seeking for solidarity. Third-wave feminism is continuing to address the financial, social and cultural inequalities and includes renewed campaigning for greater influence of women in politics and media. In reaction to political activism, feminists have also had to maintain focus on women’s reproductive rights, such as the right to abortion.First-wave feminism was a period of activity during the 19th century and early twentieth century. Women’s suffrage is, by definition, the right of women to vote. Suffragettes were members of women’s organizations in the late-19th and early-20th centuries. The goal of this wave was to open up opportunities for women, with a focus on suffrage. The reality of the situation is all women had to surrender their property rights to husbands when they got married; before 1925, women could not seek divorce for adultery of her husband, divorced women had no rights to property or children; finally, in Canada, Canadian women lost their citizenship if they married a non-Canadian man.   The wave formally began at the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 when three hundred men and women rallied to the cause of equality for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (d.1902) drafted the Seneca Falls Declaration outlining the new movement’s ideology and political strategies.  Discussions about the vote and women’s participation in politics led to an examination of the differences between men and women as they were then viewed. Some claimed that women were morally superior to men, and so their presence in the civic sphere would improve public behavior and the political process.  The first achievement took place in 1916, when women won the right to vote provincially in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. Soon, year by year other provinces allowed women to vote and it was a very meaningful beginning for women. With the technology developing over time in the Western world and the media expanding and  become a tool for the word to spread around, many opportunities started to become open for both genders to participate in everyday workplaces. A spark of hope rose from the distance, unleashing a second wave of women’s movement  that changed many of women’s lives into an opportunity to exercise  their rights they deserved as a part of the community. In the second wave of feminism, there were many goals, and factors that helped in achieving what was set for the movement. Some of the goals of the movement focused on: de-sexing the English language, education, supporting women as a parent, abortion rights, and equal legislation. Language was often centered around males only, assuming that humanity was only consisted  of males and woman were excluded from everything. For example, when someone is referring to police, they would say policemen orfiremen(even nowadays). Also,  education is one of the  main factors that the movement tried to change.  Women were expected to get married and stay home with kids and take care of the house . ( ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ??? ????) The movement strived to provide women the  right to get education and be in any school program they want. For example, if it is sport programs which may seem normal and  encouraged  these days,    but back then something like a sport lead by women was something like a myth and impossible to be real. While women were expected to have a maternal role in their lives, feminism worked to support women when they were the main part responsible of children or the primary custodial parent at home. Feminists worked for maternity leave, employment rights throughout pregnancy and childbirth and that included covering pregnancy and newborn medical expenses through health insurance, child care, and relooked in marriage and divorce laws in a way that reserve their rights. Abortion is another, huge and crucial thing during the second wave of feminism.  Women asked to have a choice to get abortion without them having to travel to another state or country, have to wait a period of time, having to first prove a special circumstance such as rape or no further cost-prohibitive restrictions. They wanted to have access to contraception. Most of all, they asked for abortion to stop criminal and  illegal abortions which killed many women, as well as, caused many health complications to others. Statistics of the  anonymous questionnaire in Alberta from 1973, shows that women had 18439 abortions done illegally. (SUSAN A. McDANIEL and KAROL J. KRÓTKI) Women were to get fired from any jobs they had when they became pregnant because they had to leave work to take care of their newborn due to an unexpected pregnancy.  Feminist theory   aims to understand the nature of gender inequality  and by looking into roles of women and men in society. (Brabeck, M. and Brown, L. (with Christian, L., Espin, O., Hare-Mustin, R., Kaplan, A., Kaschak, E., Miller, D., Phillips, E., Ferns, T., and Van Ormer, A.) ‘Feminist theory and psychological practice’, in J. Worell and N. Johnson (eds.) Shaping the future of feminist psychology: Education, research, and practice (Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1997), pp.15-35) Rethinking society with feminist theory, looking at the history and old events that happened throughout the past from a feminist perspective, it is clear that women’s role in society was underestimated and women were not given enough rights to be equal with men . Getting  closer to an equal legislation did change women’s role in society a lot. Some of the achieved goals are  equal pay, practicing their rights as citizens such as juries in equal way with men, laws and interpretations of every existing laws to remove and improve impediments to women’s professional and economic achievements. When the end of the wave came, women gained access to jobs in every place in the U.S. economy, and employers with histories of discrimination were required to provide timetables for increasing the number of women in the workplaces. In Canada, women’s equality and rights are protected under the Charter of Rights and freedoms.  Employers were banned from firing pregnant women; and women’s studies programs were launched in colleges and universities.         Trying to solve an issue can take time and effort. Even though feminists’ problems were addressed in first and second waves of feminism, many other issues developed as life kept going and globalization. Things like date and spousal rape, sexual harassment in workplaces, and violence against women.  It did help to unleash the third wave of feminism.  Arguably, the biggest challenge that faced third wave feminism was that the gains of second wave feminism were taken for granted, and the importance of feminism not understood. Spousal and date rape was a huge issue that faced women in the 1990s, and in many cases men got away with it. Women were scared and ashamed from public shame. Date rape was and still is a big issue to the point feminists today and feminist movements and representatives through media, song, presentations try very hard to encourage to educate everybody about it. Sexual harassment in the workplace still takes place and many are afraid to speak about it.  Third wave feminism became very aggressive in this goal because of the famous “Anita Hill/Clarence Thomas” sexual harassment hearings. When Anita Hill was not really believed in the Senate hearings, third wave feminists have made it a goal to fight against patriarchal sexual harassment in the workplace to this day. Violence against women was increasing very fast. There are many cases where women were abused from spouse, siblings and parents due to religious beliefs where women were murdered in the name of religion or name of shame. The “Violence Against Women Act” of 1994 is generally considered  to be the result of the third wave feminism and the increase of domestic violence since second wave feminism. Besides the laws in the violence against women, third wave feminism continues to bring awareness to the public of violent heterosexual men. As a result of the third wave activities, more women around the world were heard and protected. The third wave was much more inclusive of women and girls of different color than the first or second waves. In reaction  and opposition to different stereotypical images of women being passive, weak, virginal, and faithful, demanding, slutty, and emasculating, the third wave redefined women and girls as assertive, powerful, and in control of their own sexuality and power. The third wave, to an extent almost unimaginable to the members of the first and second waves. However, it became  plural and multifaceted, comprising people of many gender, ethnic, and class identities, experiences, and interests to become together to fight for equality of genders. According R. Sydie, the feminist theory  says that the creation of knowledge is the main concern of feminism. With knowledge, people and specifically women become aware and it creates power. ( Sydie 1994) The three waves of feminisms brought an incredible amount of knowledge and awareness to people, women, young women and  they are  the reason women have their rights today. From getting the right to vote, discussing  sexual related issues, education, equal treatments as citizens, equal work opportunities, and violence against women, people noticed how these things looked like before, how they evolved and how long it took and still takes  to battle with a major social issue that affects our everyday life. Fighting to get these rights was and still a must. The three waves helped connecting the dots to build a bridge of freedom for all those who are imprisoned  in an injustice lives. The three waves of feminisms spoke in every language to all people to say women deserve to have their rights saved and respected. Nowadays,  a fourth wave is still going and will be going until every woman gets what she deserves from rights and get treated equally as part of the community. Until today women across the world are still being abused in many ways. The world awareness about women’s rights is still weak. In developed countries this awareness is happening very widely, but in developing countries women might not even be aware that they deserve bylaws way more than they get.  Hard work of celebrities, police, speakers, teachers in our society helps  to  try to  stay fair  and equal between both genders men and women. As of what Rebecca West said “I myself have never been able to find out precisely what feminism is: I only know that people call me a feminist whenever I express sentiments that differentiate me from a doormat.” which say women are more than just a doormat. Feminist movements is on the rise and the awareness about the many issues that happen everyday is definitely a great thing which helps a huge number of people to speak up, not to be afraid  to get help, and most of all to understand they they need help. There are a big number of shelters for women, victims of sexual assault, women who divorce, organizations that assign free lawyers to help women in need and these things would never be available if feminist movement did not emphasize these issues to the world.

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