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Infectious Communicable DiseasesInfectious Communicable Diseases are disease attained through any form of contact involving people, animals, food, water etc. That contain the infectious disease.HIVHIV is a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) that is spread only through body fluids from someone who is infected with the virus, these fluids include: blood, semen, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids and breast milk. HIV is mainly spread through unprotected sex or sharing injection needles.SymptomsSymptoms of this disease vary in male and female, some symptoms in males include: nausea, vomiting, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, muscle aches and joint pains etc.Some symptoms in females include: nausea, fever, skin problems, swollen glands, menstrual changes, bacterial and yeast infections etc.TreatmentTreatment for this disease involve taking medicines that slow the process of the virus, the drugs used for treatment are called antiretroviral (ARV). Keep in mind that these drugs don’t eliminate the virus from the body they simply keep the number of viruses in the blood low.HerpesThere are different types of herpes Type 1 (HSV-1) this is known as oral herpes and Type 2 (HSV-2) which is known as genital herpes. HSV-1 is usually passed from one person to the next my kissing, HSV-1 can also be spread from the mouth to the genitals through the act of oral sex. HSV-2 is most often passed through the act of vaginal sex or anal sex just like HSV-1, HSV-2 can also pass from one person’s genitals to another person’s mouth.SymptomsSymptoms of herpes include cold sores or fever blisters around the mouth (HSV-1), painful sores in the genital area, anus, buttocks or thighs, itching, painful urination, vaginal discharge and tender lumps in the groin (HSV-2).TreatmentJust like HIV there is no cure for herpes. But there are medicines that can help, these medicines include acyclovir and valacyclovir that fight against the herpes virus. These antiviral medicines also help prevent or shorten the outbreak of the virus.Genital WartsGenital Warts also known as the Human Papilloma Virus, this virus is transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact such as vaginal sex, anal sex it can also transmitted by skin to skin contact. Though not everyone who has this virus develops genital warts.SymptomsAfter coming in contact with the virus small, fleshy growths, bumps or skin changes that may appear anywhere in or on the genital or anal area. On the female genitals warts may be found on the vulva, cervix and in the vagina. On male genitals warts may be found on the penis, scrotum and urethra. Genital warts are usually painless but can occasionally itch and cause some inflammation.Treatment Treatment can only be offered if there are visible warts. Treatment also depends on what the warts look like. The aim of treatment is to remove visible warts, this includes creams, liquids, freezing, heat, surgery and laser treatment.SyphilisSyphilis is spread by direct contact with a syphilis sore during vaginal, anal or oral sex, it can also be spread through prolonged kissing or close bodily contact. Sores can be found around the penis, vagina, anus, lips or mouth. Syphilis can also be spread from a mother who is infected to her unborn child.SymptomsSymptoms are the same in both males and females, tis include syphilis sore (called a chancre) on the vulva, vagina, anus, penis, scrotum and rarely on your lips and mouth in the primary stage. Rashes on the palms of your hands, soles of your feet or other parts of your body can appear in the secondary stage.Treatment First and second stages of syphilis are treated using a single antibiotic injection or a course of injections or by taking antibiotic tablets or capsules. The most common treatment for syphilis is penicillin, though there are several different antibiotics that can be used.Hepatitis BHepatitis B is spread when blood, semen or other body fluid that is infected with the virus enters the body of a person who is not infected. Hepatitis B can also be spread through birth.SymptomsMany people with hepatitis B don’t show symptoms. Symptoms include fatigue, mild fever, headache, dark urine, stomach pains, yellowish eyes and skin.TreatmentsIn most cases hepatitis B goes away on its own. Treatment for chronic hepatitis B includes antiviral medications these include entecavir (Baraclude), tenofovir (Viread), lamivudine (Epivir), adefovir (Hepsera) and telbivudine (Tyzeka), interferon injections, liver transplants if your liver is severely damaged.GonorrheaGonorrhea is spread through sexual contact with the penis, vagina, mouth or anus from an infectious person to the other. Gonorrhea can also be spread from an infectious mother to an unborn child.SymptomsSymptoms in men include urgency of urination, a pus like discharge from the penis, swelling and redness at the opening of the penis, swelling or pain in the testicles. Symptoms in women include discharge from the vagina, pain or burning sensation while urinating, heavier periods, sore throat, fever, sharp pain in the lower abdomen.TreatmentTreatments involve antibiotics, most antibiotics can cure gonorrhea such as ceftriaxone which is given as an injection in combination with either azithromycin (Zithromax, Zmax) or doxycycline (Monodox, Vibramycin).

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