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International law being
deeply rooted in history has been distinctly marked by the United nations in
today’s .date as modern international law. which changed its focus of its
pivotal juncture resulting in the improvisation of treaties & global
organisations which reshaped the laws reflecting international concerns. It now
had the ability to protect the state as well as individual rights.Prior to 1945
International law was to govern nothing but the states under the UN.  The brutal mass murders & other crimes
which were the characteristics of the Nazi concentration camps from world war
2, prompted the international leaders to regulate the rules equally among individuals,
also to punish the offenders. International Military tribunal at Nuremberg
represented the first recognition for  human
rights to be so sacred that their security was not held exclusively in the
hands of the state. The pacific passed the same rule followed by Europe against
Japanese nationals & leaders, which later came to be known as “Tokyo war
crimes Trials”The end of world war 2 promoted peace & friendly relations
among nations. The UN sought 4 guiding principles to maintain peace &
security among nations, It has 192 member states as on 2009 that honour these
common goals today, each state carries one vote in the UN assembly despite
their economical or political disparities. It is best known for its
proliferation of role of treaties in the international community.

The Ottawa treaty
prohibited the use ,production & stocking of anti-personnel land mines.
Ordering complete destruction except for a limited number to be used for
training purposes. The treaty has been signed by 158 countries out of which 37
states have not shown their consent. Countries like U S ,China, India &
Russia have not signed up due to their defensive needs, where the US is
concerned about their demilitarised zone between north & south Korea. India
finds them necessary to prevent infiltration among Jammu & Kashmir states.People
like Princess Diana, Princess of whales along with former Canadian foreign
affairs minister Lioyd Axworthy both spoke against the banning of
anti-personnel mines. Princess Diana’s death in august  1997  prior
which she visited Angolia & Bosnia during the same year & spoke  for the safety of human life by banning land
mines, her death created public sympathy which in-turn made many countries sign
the treaty followed by Lloyd Axworthy who was awarded the nobel price during
the same year for nominating the treaty.Since 1945 international law has been
described as a set of treaties & agreements signed by different countries
along with mutual consent, which were to be followed by them with utmost good
faith, since there was a steep growth in treaties over a period of time, The
International Court of Justice was formed in 1945 replacing the permanent court
of international justice which then served as a principal organ to the UN for
its efficient functioning. Both the UN & the ICJ effectively contributed to
the society especially during the period of end of world war 2 as well as the
cold war

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There was a control of
arms & nuclear weapons were limited by early 1990’s followed by the same
between US & Russia in 2002. Human rights were also formulated during 1948,
with the recent focus being terrorism & war crimes following the September
11,2001 attacks on the US , there have been much adamant laws for war crimes
which could not be completely enforced due to different government policies
among the states.Since 60 years there have been enforcement issues being faced
by the UN, As we enter into the age of globalisation there tend to be more
mutual agreements among countries. Where the need of uniform laws may have
increased for a peaceful relationship with one another.

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