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INTRODUCTION TO NOUNSDefinition of NounA word used to show the name of person, place, thing, quality, idea or state is called noun.Example:Ram is a good swimmer.Name of a personIndia is a religious place.Name of a placeI have got a glass jar.Name of a thingPatients like silence.Name of a qualityDeath is inevitable.Name of a stateCLASSIFICATION OF NOUNS                                        Proper  NounThe name given to a particular person, place or thing which is one of a kind or unique in its own.Example: Akbar was a king.Delhi is a capital of India.Common NounThe name given to the nouns of a same class is a common noun.Example: Girls are performing dance.Elephant eats bananas.ExceptionIn some cases proper nouns are used as common nouns when they represent the quality they possess. In that case ‘the’ is used before the proper noun.Example:Sheela is the Lata Mangeshkar of our singing classVidhya is the Rekha of the club.Material NounNames given to the things which we cannot but can weigh or measure are material nouns. Material objects are not the things in themselves but are used to produce new things from them.Example:Gold is a costly metal.Chair is made up of wood.Collective NounNoun that refers to a group, collection or gathering is called collective noun.Example:A bouquet of flowers is beautiful.Rahul has a bunch of bananas.Abstract NounNoun that is used for the action, state, quality is called as abstract noun.Example:Hatred made the player upset.Youth are the future of the country.NOUNS CAN FURTHER BE CLASSIFIED Classified on the basis of         Counting            Number              GenderCountable and Uncountable NounsCountable NounsNouns which can be counted are countable nouns.Example:12 bananas are sold at a time. Uncountable NounsNouns which cannot be counted are uncountable nouns.Example:Honey is good for health.On the basis of NumberSingular NounNoun which is just one in number is singular noun.Example:Cat, scooter, place, girl etcPlural NounNoun which is more than one in number  is plural noun.Example:Cats, scooters, places, girls etcRules for changing the Singular into PluralRulesNouns that end withAdding / ChangingExampleRule 1ConstantsCat – CatsRoom – RoomsBand – BandsRule 2(Exception)s, ss, chesBus – BusesGrass – GrassesWatch – Watches(stomach – stomachsMonarch – monarchs)Rule 3(Exception)o and there is a constant before ‘o’esTomato – TomatoesHero – Heroes(Photo – PhotosZero – Zeros)Rule 4y and there is a constant before ‘y’Changing ‘y’ to ‘I’ and adding ‘es’Baby – BabiesLibrary – LibrariesRule 5y and there is a vowel before ‘y’sBoy – BoysEssay – EssaysRule 6 Double vowelsZoo –ZoosBee –BeesRule 7By changing noun’s inside vowel Tooth – TeethMouse – MiceWoman – WomenRule 8f or fe’es’ after ‘f”fe’ is changed to’v’Scarf – Scarves/scarfsKnife – KnivesThief – ThievesRule 9ManMenPostman – PostmenChairman – ChairmenRule 10(Exception)Compound nounsAdding s to the principle wordPea-cock to pea-cocksBrother-in-law to Brothers-in-law(Man-servant to Men-servant)On the basis of GenderMasculine GenderThat denotes male sex.Example:Father, Boy, Brother, Horse, cockFeminine GenderThat denotes female sex.Example:Mother, girl, sister, mare, henCommon GenderThat denotes either sex.Example:Teacher, child, driver, advocateNeuter GenderThat denotes non-living things.Example:Paper, chair, pen, cup

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