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Japan is an archipelago – A group of
islands – in Asia. The four main islands of Japan are Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu
and Shikoku. The capital of Japan is Tokyo, and it is situated in the island of
Honshu. Japan has an ageing population, and has many issues regarding
urbanisation, tectonic hazards, natural disaster (like tsunamis and
earthquakes), wildlife conservation issues and many more.

Japan faces a number of geographical issues including the tectonic
hazards from the four plates surrounding the archipelago. There are many issues
and solutions regarding the tectonic hazards in Japan. The tectonic hazards are
life-threatening, as they cause major devastation, like tsunamis and
earthquakes, resulting in chaos, destruction and death.

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Japan’s islands are made up of Fold Mountains. The islands are made up
of Fold Mountains because

To begin, I will report upon the geographical problems behind the
tectonic hazards in Japan. Firstly, the tectonic activity in Japan causes many
volcanoes to become active. This drives people to panic and leads to
urbanisation. This means that pollution is caused and lack of space in the main
cities causes homelessness and poverty. The volcanic eruptions which are caused
because of tectonic activity also cause devastation and kills many innocent
Japanese civilians.

diagram shows a geographical sketch on how two converging plates cause a
devastating eruption.

Solutions to this problem are difficult, as, Japan cannot stop
volcanic eruptions. But, Japan can change some of the infrastructure. For
example, Japan can stop the creation of large buildings so that if there was a
volcanic eruption, then the building wouldn’t collapse. The building not
collapsing means that if it was a residential tower, then the people living
there wouldn’t die, and other buildings wouldn’t be affected as much. Smaller
buildings would mean more safety during volcanic eruptions.

Also, if a volcanic eruption was expected in Japan, then there should
be alarms in people’s houses so that civilians can evacuate the neighbourhood
where the eruption is expected. After they have evacuated, there should be a
safe zone or shelter in a nearby area. This means that people will feel safe in
the zone, and will decrease levels of panic.

Advantages of the solution regarding the infrastructure is that people
will be safer during a volcanic eruption, and there will be less debris and
casualties after an eruption.

Disadvantages for this solution is that without large skyscrapers,
towers and buildings, there will be a lack of space in urban areas around
Japan, and this relates to another geographical issue in Japan; lack of space
in Japan Urban Areas. This is why the first solution will not work.

Advantages of the safe zone in Japan, is that it will be a good
temporary location where pedestrians can stay for days. This will avoid deaths.

Disadvantages are that once the volcanic eruption is over, they may
not have anywhere to go, depending on where the volcano strikes. If the
pedestrians’ houses are ruined and perished, then they will be homeless, and
there will be more issues of poverty in Japan.

Overall for this first volcanic eruption issue, I believe that the
sources and solutions found are good for the short-term, but in the long term
there will be many issues with urbanisation and destruction of houses. The
destruction of houses in mountainous and volcanic regions will lead to more
urbanisation, therefore replacing one issue with another.

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