“Madeleine” – the most expensive chocolate in the world, created by the culinary Fritz Knipschildt from the American state of Connecticut.
2. The Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa once wrote: “Look, there is no other metaphysics in the world like chocolate”
3. Hershey’s daily produce more than 80 million chocolate “Kisses”.
4. The British chocolate factory Cadbury in 1842 produced the first chocolate bar in the world.
5. In the movie “Psycho”, Alfred Hitchcock used Bosco chocolate syrup to simulate blood in the famous scene in the shower.
6. Despite the fact that cocoa was first used in Central and South America over 4000 years ago, almost 70% of the world’s cocoa raw materials are now grown in Africa. Côte d’Ivoire is one of the largest producers of cocoa, providing about 40% of global supplies.
7. Chocolate is traditionally attributed to magical, medical and mystical properties. For example, in Latin, cocoa trees are referred to as “Theobroma Cacao”, which means “food of the gods”.
8. Champagne and sparkling wine are considered too acidic for use with dark chocolate. Red wine is best combined.
9. According to the forecasts from the reports, world sales of chocolate in 2010 amounted to 83.2 billion dollars, and by 2016 will increase by 15%.
10. The time of growth of cocoa trees can reach 200 years, but the fruiting period is only 25 years.
11. Practical all cocoa trees are within 20 degrees from the equator, and 75% grow at a distance of 8 degrees from both sides. Cocoa cultivation sites are located in 3 main regions: South and Central America, West Africa and South-East Asia / Oceania.
12. Each cocoa tree produces about 2.5 thousand beans. It should take about four to five years for the first beans to appear.
13. US chocolate manufacturers use about 3.5 million pounds of whole milk every day to make milk chocolate.
14. To create one pound of chocolate requires about 400 cocoa beans.
15. Approximately 70% of the money from almost 500 million dollars, intended for the purchase of sweets before Easter, is spent on chocolate.
16. Approximately 71 million pounds of chocolate sweets are sold before the Easter week. Only 48 million pounds during the week of St. Valentine. And finally, 98 million pounds of chocolate candy falls on the last week of October, on the eve of Halloween.
17. Chocolate production has turned into such a huge industry that 40 to 50 million people around the world are engaged in growing and receiving cocoa.
18. More than 3.8 million tons of cocoa beans are produced every year.
19. The first people who happened to taste cocoa were Mokaya and Omelki, who lived in the southeast of Mexico about 1000 years before our era.
20. The word “chocolate” comes from the literature of the Maya civilization – xocolatl, or “bitter water”.
21. People in a state of stress consume 55% more chocolate than their non-depressive acquaintances.
22. Chocolate was one of the first products of American exports, when in the 16th century Columbus, together with Cortes brought cocoa beans back to Spain.
23. The FDA (Association for Drug Control) is discussing a proposal to permit candy manufacturers to replace vegetable oil with traditional cocoa butter.
24. It turns out that black chocolate is much more useful for human health than milk, white and other varieties. To be useful – cocoa and chocolate liquor should be the first in the list of ingredients, but not sugar.
25. Previously, chocolate was intended only for elite segments of the population, but now it has become available to everyone, due to the technical achievements of industrial evolution. However, as soon as chocolate gained popularity in Europe and America, thousands of people were used as slave labor for the production of cocoa.
26. Quakers, such as George Cadbury, have acquired a large fortune in the production of drinking chocolate as an alternative to alcohol.
27. In 1875 the Swiss Daniel Peter discovered a way of mixing the condensed milk used by his friend Henry Nestle, with chocolate, to create the first milk chocolate.
28. In 1879 the Swiss Rudolf Lindt discovered the conciliation, which is an important process in the processing of chocolate. He discovered this by accident when his assistant left the car turned on all night.
29. The researchers found no connection between pimples and chocolate.
30. In fact, German scientists suggest that flavonoids in chocolate absorb ultraviolet radiation that helps protect the skin and increase blood flow, ultimately improving its appearance.
31. Huge hours with a cuckoo of chocolate can be found in Germany.
32. Studies show that dark chocolate improves memory, attention sharpness, reaction speed and ability to solve problems, by increasing the flow of blood to the brain. Studies have also found that dark chocolate helps to improve eyesight in countries with poor weather conditions, and helps lower blood pressure, whose decline is good for maintaining proper cholesterol levels, insulin sensitivity and platelet function.
33. Maya used chocolate in baptisms and marriages, sometimes instead of blood during ceremonies. When the Emperors were buried, they often left cans of chocolate next to them.
34. According to the Aztec legend, the god Quetzalcoatl brought cocoa to the ground, but was expelled from heaven for helping people. When he ran away, he promised to return one day as a “light-skinned, bearded man to save the Earth.”
35. Ninety percent of modern cocoa is made in a type called forastero (foreign). However, before the 1800s, cocoa was produced by the type of criollo. Although forastero tastes and is not as tasty as criollo, but its cultivation turns out to be less expensive.
36. The Catholic Church once interpreted the use of chocolate on a par with heretical behavior, including blasphemy, extortion, witchcraft, seduction, as well as racial hatred of Jews.
37. The spread of chocolate from Spain across Europe began in the sixteenth century with the expulsion of Jews from the country, together with Portugal, during the Inquisition. Some Jews who left Spain borrowed the Spanish secrets of chocolate processing.
38. During the Second World War, the Germans developed explosives coated with chocolate. After breaking the outer shell, for seven seconds, there was an explosion of a thin internal steel bomb.
39. The Germans used chocolate while luring Jews into wagons, where they used to transport livestock, for subsequent shipment to concentration camps.
40. The first chocolate cookie was invented in 1937 by Ruth Wakefield, the manager of the corporation “Toll House Inn.” The term “Toll House”, at present, is the official trademark for chocolate chip cookies, which is the most popular in the world and is considered the official cookie of the State of Massachusetts.
41. In the first place for the consumption of chocolate is Switzerland, there are 22 pounds of chocolate per year per person. The rates of Australia and Ireland remain at the level of 20 and 19 pounds per year per person, respectively. The United States is ranked 11th, with each resident accounting for 12 pounds.
42. The production of chocolate is so significant for Indonesian farmers involved in cocoa growing that they built a statue in the form of a pair of hands that hold a cocoa tree pod.
43. In the states of Oaxaca and Mexico, healers, called curanderoes, use chocolate in the treatment of certain diseases, for example, bronchitis. In some regions, children drink chocolate in the morning, to avoid bites of scorpions and bees.
44. In 2002, Marshall Field produced the largest box of chocolate. It contained more than 90 thousand mint sweets “Frango”, and they weighed 3326 pounds.
45. The results of the study at the University of Indiana showed that: cyclists who consumed milk chocolate after exercising felt less fatigue and showed results in endurance tests much higher than those who drank sport drinks.
46. ??Hershey’s is the largest and oldest company in the US to produce chocolate. Annually, it produces more than one billion pounds of chocolate products.
47. In fact, in the production of white chocolate, cocoa is not used in a solid form, but cocoa butter is added.
48. Relying on the Mayan Code of Madrid, which shows the gods who are watering their cocoa crop with their blood, we dare to think about the close relationship of blood and cocoa in the Meso-American tradition.
49. In the ancient Mayan civilization, people often sacrificed to guarantee a good harvest on the cocoa plantations. For starters, the victim drank a cup of chocolate, into which were spiked blood, so the Maya believed that this would turn the heart of the prisoner into cocoa bean.
50. Belgium produces 172 thousand tons of chocolate per year. There are more than 2 thousand shops specializing in chocolate products in the country, many of which are located in Brussels – the homeland of chocolate “Godiva”.
51. Judging by the chemical components of cocoa butter, chocolate is an absolutely safe type of food, because it melts at a temperature of 34 degrees, which is lower than body temperature. This means that if you put a piece of chocolate on the tongue, it will start to melt.
52. Commercial chocolate usually contains cocoa substances in such small volumes that the sugar that forms part of it causes dependence on chocolate lovers.
53. Cocoa beans in nature are classified into 300 flavors and 400 flavors.
54. Cocoa has existed for several million years and is probably one of the oldest natural products.
55. Moktesuma Hokoyottsin (Montezuma II) – the 9th emperor of the Aztecs, was one of the richest and most influential people in the world. He was also known as the king of chocolate. The peak of its capabilities was the collection and accumulation of almost a billion cocoa beans.
56. Ferdinand is the son of the famous Columbus, once wrote: “When several cocoa beans fell before the Mayan crowd, they all stopped to pick up a handful from the ground, as if the eye fell on the ground.” Columbus, who was looking for a way to India, did not see the full potential of selling cocoa in the markets, and took the beans for shriveled almonds.
57. In the Mayan civilization, cocoa beans were the main trading currency, and crafts made of them, painted with clay, were almost the most developing industry. All goods were assigned a value in units of cocoa: the cost of a slave is 100 beans, the services of a prostitute are 10 beans, and the turkey is 20 beans. While the Spanish conquistadors plundered gold, the Mesoamericans won cocoa beans. In some parts of Latin America, beans were used as a bargaining chip until the end of the 19th century.
58. The first mechanical machine for the production of chocolate was made in Barcelona (Spain), in 1870.
59. When the English pirates captured a Spanish ship loaded with cocoa beans, they set fire to it, thinking that the beans are sheep’s lamb.
60. Madame Du Barry, who has a reputation as a nymphomaniac, encouraged her lovers with chocolate treats.
61. Some scholars associate such a rapidly growing popularity in the construction of chocolate home in Europe, such as the chocolate house on St. James Street in London, with the beginning of the Enlightenment. This drink was already on the table at a time when the great thinkers of the 18th century were already beginning to doubt the long-standing truths: the primacy of the Church, the rights of kings, and the potential for improving mutual understanding between a man and a woman.
62. One of the lovers of Louis XV – Madame de Pompadour, was a famous chocolate lover and used it to treat her sexual dysfunction. The Marquis de Sade, perhaps the world’s first sexologist, was also obsessed with chocolate.
63. According to Italian researchers: women who regularly eat chocolate – have a better sex life, unlike those who do not. They had a high level of desire, excitement and satisfaction from sex.
64. One piece of chocolate tile gives the person energy, which is enough to move for 150 feet.
65. Americans consume 2,800 million pounds of sweets each year. Almost half of them are chocolate.
66. Approximately 40% of almonds produced in the world go to additives for chocolate products.
67. More than 50% of the adult population of America prefer the smell of chocolate to other flavors.
68. Hersey chocolate was found 60 years later in the cache of Admiral Richard Byrd at the South Pole. Since she was lying in the frozen ground for many years, she was still edible.
69. Chocolate was included in the diet of soldiers of the Second World War. According to the confectionery specification, it should have been designed with taste qualities “slightly better than boiled potatoes” so that soldiers do not eat it too fast.
70. In one year, up to 3 million tons of cocoa are produced in the world, which is slightly less than half of the coffee crop.
71. Melting chocolate in the mouth of a person can lead to a longer-lasting effect of “euphoria” than kissing.
72. Chocolate “Kisses” from Hershey was first made in 1907 and had the shape of a square. Then, with the advent of a new machine in production in 1921, the structure of the form also changed.