Many people have problems with accepting treatment due to cultural and religious beliefs. People may have a stigma towards treatment which is why they tend to stay away. Other reasons may be because of problems with accessing the treatment due to high costs or large distance. Lastly, there are some adverse effects of treatment which is why people don’t accept it.
There are stigmas associated with some diseases which therefore influences an individual’s choice in accepting certain treatment, For instance, TB is associated with being a curse on the family and that its witchcraft. They believe that Tb is spread in many generations for this reason but doctors know that this happens because it’s an airborne disease which is as a result of being in close proximity to family members. People with TB can be victimized and become isolated which is why women tend to get divorced as they are seen as unworthy of marriage. The impact this stigma has is that people fear discrimination and delay seeking any help. The disadvantages are that it then allows the disease to progress overtime worsen and infect others. People also become hesitant to stick to the treatment regime by fearing that they may get caught to have TB. A treatment regime is a methodical plan designed to maintain and improve the health of a patient whereas if this is not completed and treatment is taken irregularly you can be at risk of developing a drug-resistant strain.
Treatments are not always accessible to everyone for particular reasons like religious/cultural beliefs. For example, Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that worshipping God means that you have to live a certain way. They base their ethics and morals on the bible which is why they feel that you must live religiously, morally, and physically clean. For this reason, they do not accept blood transfusion as they consider it as unpure and that it’s a sin if you willingly accept it. Having certain beliefs makes it difficult for doctors to treat the individual or to carry out certain procedures. Doctors have no choice but to respect the patient’s decision as it’s a legal requirement that they take into account individuals choices. If they were to go against the individual’s decision even if it’s for their health and wellbeing it can be seen as an unlawful act. Although Jehovah’s Witnesses cannot accept blood, they are open to other medical procedures. Alternative treatment methods are also available like Cell-free blood products, which contain haemoglobin instead of red blood cells. Some Jehovah’s Witness accept autologous transfusion which is the individuals own blood which has been stored for later use in a medical procedure. Jehovah’s Witness hospital committees have various doctors who view treatments without the use of blood transfusion in order to address issues like this.
Another reason why people don’t accept medical treatment is that they believe that seeking medical care is unnecessary for the reason that the illness would improve over time on or that the body will heal itself. For example, Chinese people have this cultural belief that you must stay away from medical treatment and instead opt for herbal intervention. They tend to follow traditional Chinese medicine (TMC) and other practices which aim to nourish the body rather than treat the disease itself as that will allow the body to heal. They influence individuals to improve their lifestyle by carrying out exercise or dietary therapy. Overall they aim to heal the body naturally which is why they only use herbal medicine. They only accept certain procedures like acupuncture and massages to help people recover from illnesses.
The accessibility to certain treatments can be widely affected by the cost. Not everyone can afford to pay for treatments that are at high costs due to minimum wage. Many people around the world are living on the basics and cannot afford to pay for various medicines. Another reason why people do not take treatment is the long waiting times. It takes many weeks for referral and by the time you actually get the appointment the problem is even worse and difficult to treat which is why people don’t want to waste their time. The hassle of making timely appointments is another reason why people don’t get treatment. Distance is also a factor as some people live far away from their GP or hospital and are not able to go for a constant check-up or for regular treatment due to travel fare costs. Some people aren’t physically mobile because of illnesses like elderly; because of this they are not able to access treatment at places like hospital due to long distances. Methods of delivery can also impact an individual decision to take treatment. For example, Intravenous injections are directly administered into the veins from the wrist or forearm. They require the doctor or a trained professional around in order to administer. This makes it difficult to access when the doctor is not available as patents cannot get their regular treatment.
The problems with medication are that there are adverse effects. For example, Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscles, at the deltoid, gluteus or thigh. The adverse effects it has is that it causes discomfort and lots of pains in the area where it was injected. Side effects include swelling redness, numbness. There can also be allergies which are dependent on the drug used and vulnerability of the individual. This is why doctors have to collect objective and subjective data from patients to evidence any possible effects and adverse reactions. Most of the time patients feel they are allergic to certain foods or medication which is why doctors do not prescribe a certain medication. The problem is that they may feel they have an allergy against something when that’s not the case and can miss out on vital treatments.
Treatment is not suitable due to contraindications like sensitivity or allergy to the medication, pregnancy, lactation, hepatic disease or renal disease. A relative contraindication is where the individual has to take caution when taking certain drugs or procedures. On the other hand, absolute contradictions mean that the treatment is life threating and must be avoided. This is why nurses are required to look at the patient’s condition before determining what medicine to supply. To identify that medication is contraindicated for an individual, the doctor must communicate with them to clarify whether or not it suitable. Only then a patient can accept certain treatment.