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“Marriage is a fine
institution”. Marriage is an institution because there are rules and structure
that one have to adhere too. Marriage is not just a phase of life, but an
institution where one learn and teach.

According to the BIBLE,
“Marriage began with the creation of a female for the first male”.

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is a union of two or more  people that
creates a family tie and carries legal, social, and/or religious rights and

may be defined as “a socially sanctioned sex relationship involving two or more
people of the opposite sex, whose relationship is expected to endure beyond the
time required for gestation and birth of children”. –Duncan Mitchell’s  “A dictionary of Sociology”.

Marriage is a custom
that is practiced worldwide in some form or the other. Every religion have
concept of marriage. Somewhere it is like a contract between a man and women
and in some it is a relationship for life and beyond. For decades marriage has
been considered a way of life and a sacred bond socially and culturally, but it
is not purely sacred as it’s a legal contract depending on the law.

Types of Marriage –




Modern changes in
marriage –

Opposition of child marriage – The Child
Marriage Restraint Act, also called Sarda Act was a law to restrict the
practice of child marriage.                  

Prohibition of polygamy  – article 494 and 495 of the Indian penal code
of 1860 prohibited polygamy fot the Christians . In 1955, the hindu marriage
act was drafted which prohibited marriage of hindu whose spouse was still
living. A polygamous hindu marriage is null and void ,but muslims are permitted
to have 4 wives.


Permission of widow remarriage – The HINDU
,1856, enacted on 26 July 1856, legalised the remarriage of Hindu widows
in all jurisdictions of India under East India Company rule.


Permission of Inter-caste marriage-The
SPECIAL MARRIAGE ACT deals with inter-caste and inter- religion marriages. The
basic requirement for a valid marriage under this act is the consent of both
the parties to the marriage.


Provision for Divorce- Divorce is the
legal dissolution of marriage. The conditions for obtaining a divorce are set
forth in section 13.



Homosexuality a taboo –

Section 377 of the
Indian Penal Code makes sex with person of the same gender punishable by law.3

The sole reason gay
marriage is still ban is that vast majority of Indians are still stuck in stone
age concept that marriage is a sacred knot and a ritual where husband used to
become the lifelong protector of his wife but instead marriage is a bondind for
lifelong companion, but this concept is not accepted hence marriage is limited
to heterosexual couple. The basic idea of marriage is the commitment for life
where two different human bodies decide to unite their souls.




you have to accept the fact that certain thing will never go back to how they
used to be. Changes are meant to happen. Since the ancient time marriage has
been considered

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