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professionals should be required for all genetic testing because it is safer to have people who have
studied the profession to examine your health. By having a medical
professional, the information they obtain about your health is kept
confidential and the data they hold is much more factual compared to direct to
consumer genetic testings. Direct to consumer genetic testings provide only one section of information about an
individual’s health—other genetic and environmental components, lifestyle
choices, and family medical history also affect an individual’s risk of
developing many disorders. These components are talked over during a
consultation with a doctor or genetic counselor, but in many cases are not
addressed by at-home genetic tests because they substitute face to face
discussions with emails and phone calls from the companies they send their data
to. In addition to these direct to consumer
(DTC) predictive genetic testings, data that was accumulated revealed little to
no harm, but the information also held no health benefits. (Khoury, 2017).

The purpose of genetic testing is that
the data being collected is for the confirmation or evidence of a diagnosis to
be known when a specific condition is suspected based on physical signs and
symptoms. With the help of medical professionals, the results they provide include
a sense of reassurance from uncertainty and can help people make informed/the
right decisions about managing their healthcare. Unlike DTC genetic testings,
as stated by the U.S. National Library of Medicine, they make “inaccurate, incomplete, or misunderstood information
about their (consumer’s) health.” Because of this information being provided
for the consumers, they make life and death decisions that may turn out to be
the wrong choice because of the data being alternative facts. This potentially
risks their health, all because of the data being interpreted incorrectly.

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An example of a genetic
disorder case would be hemophilia. Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder when blood
usually doesn’t clot, which triggers the patient to bleed severely even from a
minor injury. This genetic disorder is an inherited genetic disorder. A cure
has not been found yet, but with appropriate self-care as well as treatment,
most patients with hemophilia are able to maintain a productive, active
lifestyle. Some signs and symptoms of hemophilia comprise of joint pain,
swelling, deep bruises, nosebleeds, heavy periods, blood in urine, and internal
bleeding. As stated by the Mayo Clinic, the age that hemophilia most likely
occurs in between the ages of 0-40 years old and are most likely found in
males. There are three different types of Hemophilia; Hemophilia A, Hemophilia
B, and Hemophilia C. Hemophilia A is caused by deficient clotting factor VIII
and is the most common type, Hemophilia B is caused by deficient clotting
factor IX and is the second most common, and last but not least, Hemophilia C
is caused by insufficient clotting factor XI and in which signs and symptoms
are usually moderate. Some treatments include physical therapy, first aid for
the minor cuts, vaccinations, regular infusions, and clot-preserving
medications. The regular infusions provide aid by repressing the bleeding,
while the clot-preserving medication assist in preventing the clots from
breaking down.

The implications of involving a medical
professional with this case, is that HTC (Hemophilia Treatment Center) doctors,
nurses and other staff, such as social workers and therapists are prepared and trained
to educate families affected by bleeding disorders on things like nutrition and
how to prevent,
be aware of, treat and/or manage this disease. HTCs in general are known to serve a higher
commitment by extending their services to all aspects of medical, emotional and
lifestyle support when it comes to individuals fighting hemophilia. While medical
professionals are having face to face conversations, DTC genetic testing make emails
and phone calls that are poor substitutes when comparing to a face to face

In conclusion, because of
the reliable resources, information, data, and discussions being provided by a
medical professional, that patients result in obtaining healthier lifestyle.
This is why medical professionals should be required for all genetic testing
rather than have consumers have direct to consumer genetic testing.

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