Metacognitive regulation is the process of monitoring and controlling cognition to increase understanding (Gazzaniga & Mangun, 2013). This process involves monitoring and understanding an individual’s thought process that can be used in providing knowledge in coming up with problem solving strategies through better planning, monitoring, analysis, and evaluation of issues. Metacognitive regulation can be used in educational forums to help students monitor their own thought process and knowledge for improved learning (Gazzaniga ; Mangun, 2013).
Effects of Metacognitive Regulation on Memory Performance
Metacognitive regulation helps an individual to regulate different action and activities (Beran, Brandl, Perner, ; Proust, 2014). The process of utilizing the memory to remember certain things is a monitoring and a control process, which can affect the performance of individuals. This can be effectively achieved through experience and can influence the learning process of individuals (Beran et al., 2014). The memory performance is determined by metacognitive monitoring and control of processes. The monitoring process involves the assessment aspect while the control process includes the operational aspect of certain action (Beran et al., 2014).
Metacognitive regulation helps individuals in making important strategies, which will influence their memory and determine the achievement of set goals and objectives. This also helps individuals in making effective performance decisions (Gazzaniga ; Mangun, 2013). Metacognitive regulation enables individuals to decide on what information is important and what to ignore. This gives individuals freedom to choose information, which leads to more accurate decisions and improved memory function (Gazzaniga ; Mangun, 2013). Metacognitive regulation affects a person’s cognitive ability in performance of different tasks. This is because metacognitive regulation will determine what information a person is able to retrieve from his/her memory, which affects their functioning on certain tasks (Gazzaniga & Mangun, 2013).
Through metacognitive regulation, a person is able to influence his/her comprehension through monitoring and controlling different cognitive aspects which increases the cognitive processing which can result to increased awareness level and experience (Beran et al., 2014). This will affect a person’s behavior and performance. Metacognitive regulation will increase memory metacognitive efficiency by improving the ability of being aware of one’s thoughts and behaviors. This can be achieved by a person assessing his/her past objective behavior and experience, which can lead to improved and more accurate knowledge and strategies for better performance (Beran et al., 2014).
Beran, M. J., Brandl, J., Perner, J., & Proust, J. (2014). Foundations of Metacognition. Oxford: OUP Oxford.
Gazzaniga, M., Ivry, R., & Mangun, G. (2013). Cognitive neuroscience: The biology of the mind (4th ed.). New York, NY: Norton.