The literature related to the organization of kindergarten has been carefully reviewed and books and journal articles related to preschool education has been studied. Starting with understanding the kindergarten environment then the perception of children, Critical review of the social meaning of children’s spaces in kindergarten in order to assert spatial and functional features that support and encourage child’s creativity and develop their social skills. Literature regarding, for instance, child development towards an understanding of children’s perceptions, experiences, and behavior in relation to the built environment. And trying to find the way children understanding spaces or how they see themselves in a specific place or situation, in order to know their understanding of place.
The children attendance between ages 3 to 5 years old in pre-school program in higher percentage of coverage of early childhood education, the parents generally prefer to send their children to experience the world in fact it is a big change in their life which they can start to move towards independence in a larger world far from their house .Due to that, kindergarten has been the focus in the age category in kindergarten due to the strong tendency to involve in the social context and especially in this age they start to interact with their environment and develop their senses.
Kindergarten children get ready to start their life improvement and learn to interact with other children. They start identifying their action and the effect of their action on others and the environment. In fact, they start figuring out about the world which is much larger than their home.
Kids in kindergarten start to create new methods of a letter and compare them with the ones they are familiar with (Schickedanz & Casbergue, 2009). This shows the beginning of estimate and differentiation in the child. Self-stimulating is a popular disposal for children’s in kindergarten. Children’s in 3-5 years old become ready for “knowledgeable” and “physical” motivation (Wana, 2010) and kids requirement an environment that gives them the best opportunities for exploration. Playing with objects is the main feature of kindergarten. Clarifying the effect of physical setting on children’s social life according to (Schickedanz & Casbergue, 2009, p.38) “The preschool years are noticeable for learning and developing”. Kids in kindergarten start recognizing himself (Wana, 2010).
Without physical setting, there will not be any social setting for kids. Kids start to recognize the physical environment by recognizing their home as a physical setting, and then they start to come to recognizing and identifying other evocative places. “Children between 2 and 5 years old, build an individual personality through communicating with other people and with the physical environment (Weinstein & David, p.162)”.
The design of the interior space of the kindergarten should be parallel with the learning process in order to be able to support kid’s development, kindergarten education should suggestion high-quality learning methods. The high-quality educational method means “in addition to maintaining standards in basic structural features, are developmentally appropriate, meaning they employ teaching techniques and promote outcomes appropriate to the child’s stage of development and learning (Zigler, Gilliam & Jones, 2006, p. 248)”.