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MU 2.4 Contribute to children and young people’s health and safety

Learning Outcome 1- Know the health and safety policies and procedures of the work setting

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1. Outline the health and safety policies of your work setting.

In my setting, we have up to 30 children in one class to make sure that everything is safe. We also follow the health and safety law for indoor temperatures. We make sure that the classroom is at a comfortable temperature for the children to be in and that fresh air is flowing through the classroom. In my setting, we also keep track of children who have food allergies. We make sure that we separate the food/ingredient that they are allergic to away from the food that they eat at school. We have signs in each classroom and the canteen of who has allergies and what they are.

2. Identify the lines of responsibility and reporting for health and safety of the work setting.

If there is a serious situation (For example, if there is a dangerous incident either from a staff member or a child, or even if there is a disease outbreak) then the school contacts the HSE. (Health and safety executive).

3. Explain what a risk assessment is and how this is managed in the work setting.

A risk assessment is when a table that outlines any risks and you have to decide whether that risk is applicable to this workplace. Examples on a risk assessment would be confined spaces, loose cables, heavy objects, etc. If the risk is applicable, it is managed by severity and probability. You add both of them up and divide it by 2. This will then outline the biggest risks.


Learning Outcome 3 – Know what to do in the event of a non-medical incident or emergency

3.1 Identify non-medical incidents and emergencies that may occur in the work setting.

Non-medical incidences and medical emergencies are issues that do not require medical assistance but need sorting quickly. These can be anything from flooding, loss of power, heating or even the internet not working.

3.2 Outline the actions to take in response to the following situations:

* Fires- When the fire alarm sounds all visually or hearing-impaired children or adults should be found immediately and led to safety. Every class will evacuate the building and line up with their teachers on the junior’s school’s

top playground, which is away from the infant school building. The allocated fire marshal will make sure that registers are brought out and that the register is taken and that everyone is accounted for.

* security incidents- In the case of a security incident, an unauthorised person will be asked to show identification and will be politely asked to leave the building if they pose a threat. On a more serious incident, the children and staff will be asked to remain in their designated rooms unless directed by the police. At all times, staff are to remain calm and not to create panic.

* emergency incidents- If a child should require immediate medical care an ambulance would be called, followed by a call to the parents/carers. If not too badly hurt, a child will be put into a quiet area to remain calm. If the child cannot be moved, then the area will be cleared around them whilst always being observed for signs of shock.


Learning Outcome 4 – Know what to do in the event of a child or young person becoming ill or injured.

4.1 Identify the signs and symptoms which may indicate that a child or young person is injured or unwell

Children may complain that they are unwell, they may look pale or flushed, have a temperature, complain of a headache, could be quieter than usual, they could have physical symptoms such as vomiting, etc.

4.2 Identify circumstances when children or young people may need urgent medical attention.

If they have hit their head, become unconscious, broken a bone, bleeding heavily, having a seizure or choking.

4.3 Outline own role and responsibilities in the event of a child or young person requiring urgent medical attention.

I would firstly I would check the child that he is breathing, that his airways are clear, and send for help. Whilst not leaving the child alone until help has arrived.

Learning Outcome 7 – Know the work setting’s procedures for receiving, storing and administering medicines

7.1 Identify the procedures of the work setting governing the receipt, storage and administration of medicines.

The school will have guidelines for storing and receiving administration of medicine. Written permission must be given by parents and must be informed if medicine has been given to the child already. There will be procedures for who administers the medication, how the medicine is stored, training for staff.


7.2 Explain how the procedures of the work setting protect children, young people and practitioners.

They protect by providing a safe environment, risk assessments. It’s important to have policies in place especially about administering medicines to make sure that the wrong dosage is not given.

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