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Nicola Sacco was born on the 22nd of April, 1891. He originally hails from the town of Torremaggiore in Italy. When he was seventeen he emigrated to the US and began working at a shoe factory in Massachusetts (Simpkin, Sacco). Soon after he became involved in left-wing politics and met Bartolomeo Vanzetti at an anarchist gathering. Bartolomeo Vanzetti was born on the 11th of June, 1888 in the town of Villafalletto. He moved to the US when was twenty-years-old and settled in Plymouth, MA (Simpkin, Vanzetti). Sacco and Vanzetti soon became friends as they usually attended the same political meetings. Sacco and Vanzetti were fiercely against WWI and when the US entered the war, the two friends quickly fled to Mexico. They returned when WWI ended and soon after were arrested for the murder of two men and the robbery of over $15,000 (Mass. courts). Their arrest and subsequent trial caused a significant uproar around the world because it happened at the height of the Red Scare and many people thought they were only arrested because of their ties to anarchists. Sacco and Vanzetti were found guilty, put on death row, and executed on August 23rd, 1927 (History). Their execution symbolized the prejudices of the American justice system.  When the Massachusetts court system managed to put away two men with very flimsy evidence that they committed the crime it showed that the justice system in America wasn’t the incorruptible system it was thought to be. Sacco and Vanzetti’s injustices left a lasting on impression on the American justice system and the public (Mass. courts). It left a lasting impression because Sacco and Vanzetti had strong alibis, there were four reliable alibis that put men that weren’t them at the scene, and they were only considered as suspects because of the justice system’s prejudice against anarchists (Frankfurter). The laws in place helped contribute to the unfairness of the Massachusetts justice system, the trial judge was the only person with the authority to have a retrial and he denied all the motions (Mass. courts). Sacco and Vanzetti’s conviction showed that the Massachusetts courts were built to go against people who didn’t fit in with America’s views.

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