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One of the most long-drawn-out and continuous struggles in the contemporary world is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. This struggle for internal and external authority by Israel and the struggle for control of an Arab state by Palestine is perhaps the most evident example of the conflict perspective in the field of International Relations. It is also one of the most obvious examples of the use of economic, political, cultural or religious pressures to control or influence other countries in today’s world. Frantz Fanon and Mahatma Gandhi are two individuals who have developed a significant body of theoretical work on the subject of colonization. Fanon’s viewpoints on violence and the mindset of the colonized can be significantly applied to the case of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The Israeli colonization in the region has caused and brought large-scale violence and turmoil, and the ongoing war between the two sides, according to Fanon, is the inevitable result of the political and social oppression of the Palestinians by the European Jewish populations. Amidst this violent conflict, however, people believe a Gandhi approach to the situation might be the solution: a non-violence resistance.  Fanon, like Marx, uses logical arguments to present the inescapable contradiction that the two classes of colonial society, the colonist and the colonized, have. Fanon argues that the efforts at decolonization “set out to change the order of the world,” (Fanon, 1965) and therefore “are clearly an agenda of disorder” (ibid). The Palestinians have caused disorder by resisting and attempting decolonization to Israeli’s attempts to control the regions of its West Bank and the Gaza Strip. To add to it, the two sides were unsuccessful and failed to agree on the peace agreements for the reason that the conflict and contradictions are not resolvable within the current Israeli state. Even though the Oslo accords required recognition of both groups and their states, the truth of the situation is that neither one recognizes the other: “the Palestinians, have not, in fact recognized the legitimacy of the national rights” of the Jewish state (Kuperwasser & Lipner, 2011). Fanon writes that the only way for the colonized to overcome their oppression is to have the determination “to smash every obstacle encountered” (Fanon, 1965). Therefore, the reason for failure for groups such as Fatah, who support the two-state solution, is because they do not seek to solve the conflicts and problems through violence and the dissolution of Israel. 

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