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Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that occurs after experiencing
a life-threatening or deeply distressing event. Most people have heard the
phrase PTSD from the likes of war or military combat, but the disorder has
various other instances such as sexual abuse, natural disasters, serious
accidents, substance abuse and even terrorist attacks which can cause notable
harm to a person’s mindset.

The presence
of psychological trauma, which is most commonly caused by military combat, goes
back as far as warfare itself. The American Civil War (1861 – 65) first brought
the symptoms and syndrome of PTSD to light with it becoming gradually prominent
in combatants. During this time, research into this field had developed but the
acknowledgment of the disorder was mainly ignored due to insufficient
understanding of trauma-based ailments. Today, however, there are many
treatments available for people suffering from the various types of
Post-traumatic stress disorder, ranging from Cognitive Processing Therapy to
Prolonged Exposure, two of the best-known types of treatments that help deal
with PTSD.

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Processing Therapy (CPT) can help people disassemble their upsetting thoughts
and change the way they think, in turn changing their outlook on life. The
basis of this treatment is to talk and write about all the negative and
unhelpful thoughts the person has on their mind after experiencing a certain
trauma and will work together with a psychiatrist to consider ways of managing said
thoughts. At first, it may be hard for some to open-up about the incident but doing
so will help them cope with emotions like anger, sadness, and guilt. When
nearing the end of the therapy, the psychiatrist may focus on certain aspects
of a person’s life that have been affected by the trauma, such as a sense of
safety, trust, the person ability to control emotions, self-esteem, and
intimacy. There are options to this trauma, for example, the participant can choose
to list the specifics of the trauma, which may help overcome PTSD faster, but
it is not compulsory to do so if the patient does not wish to. This type of
therapy normally lasts around 3 months with weekly sessions varying from 60 to
90 minutes each. The patient will often start to feel better after the first
few sessions, and the benefits of CPT are proven to last long after the final
session with the provider.

exposure is another PTSD treatment that helps people who associate various
things with their trauma. The first step of this medication is to learn a
breathing technique to help the patients deal with their anxiety, which is one
of the symptoms of PTSD. Once the first step is completed the patients are
asked to make a list of the things that they have avoided since the trauma,
such as places, people or activities. The next step is vivo exposure, which is a
therapy used to reduce a person’s fear of the certain place, person, or
activity associated with the trauma.

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