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Pros
and Cons of Federalism

            State and federal governments share power in a federalist
partnership.  “E Pluribus Unum: out of
many states, one nation (Federalist).”   In 1783, once the war had ended, soldiers came
home with debt they were unable to pay due to the state governments unable to
come to an agreement on how to pay them (Federalist).  At this point, state governments were weak,
and the national government was even weaker. 
The solution to this problem was federalism.  The proposal of federalism meant state and federal
government would share power, thus making both sides of the government significantly
stronger. 

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            Federalism was adopted to overall strengthen the government.  A federalist government is built on a system
of checks and balances.  The Executive
branch, the Judicial Branch, and the Legislative Branch are put into place to challenge
each other if the need should arise (12 Pros and Cons).  This system of checks and balances assures no
one branch is all ruling.  A federalist government
also includes people at the state level, which helps them to be involved in the
decision making process (12 Pros and Cons). 
The sheer size of the United States of America would make it incredibly
difficult to get citizen participation if the state government were not
permitted to make any decisions.  The
local citizens would feel as if their opinion did not matter, thus would keep
them from voicing their opinion. 

            Federalism is not a perfect form of government, but it
has strengthened government as a whole, but still has its downfalls.  Medicinal Marijuana is a hot topic when
speaking about the differences between state and federal law.  The Marijuana law of 1937 was passed to
discourage the use of marijuana in any form. 
The government saw the law as a way to control the Mexican Immigrants
after the Spanish American War.  Later,
the law was deemed unconstitutional and the Controlled Substance Act was created
(How Did Marijuana Become Illegal in the First Place).  This act labeled marijuana as a schedule I
drug that has no medicinal benefit.  For
this reason, the federal government has strict laws prohibiting its use, which
in turn prohibits the research of the drug. 
Colorado was the first state to legalize marijuana for medical and
recreational use; however, it is still illegal under federal law (Federal
Marijuana Law).  The Federal Government
has placed guidelines in effect that outline possession marijuana for certain purposes
is not a priority of law enforcement, however, it does not change the fact that
it is legal in Colorado, and still illegal under federal law (Working to Reform
Marijuana Laws).  Colorado has placed a hefty
tax on the drug and has eliminated their state debt.  The federal government would likely be able
to lessen the deficit if they would consider following suit. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works
Cited

12 Federalism Pros and
Cons. (2017, August 15). Retrieved December 30, 2017, from      https://vittana.org/12-federalism-pros-and-cons

Federal Marijuana Law.
(n.d.). Retrieved December 30, 2017, from             http://www.safeaccessnow.org/federal_marijuana_law

Federalism. (n.d.).
Retrieved December 30, 2017, from http://www.pbs.org/tpt/constitution-usa-   peter-sagal/federalism/#.WkghU9-nGUk

Working to Reform
Marijuana Laws. (n.d.). Retrieved December 30, 2017, from             http://norml.org/component/zoo/category/recent-research-on-medical-marijuana

 

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