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Saja El EmbabyAbdurahman hamadSection 2Endangered Forest assignment     Why should we protect our forests? Because, forests give us more than half our oxygen, and without oxygen, we couldn’t survive. So think about that next time your wasting paper. Forests are important for life on earth. Three hundred million people all over the world live in forests and 1.6 billion depend on these forests for their livelihoods. Forests also provide shelter for a huge amount of plants and animals, many of which are still undiscovered which is why these forests are great for discovery. They protect our landmark. They provide places for recreation. They supply the oxygen we need to survive. They provide the wood for products we use every day But, forests are being destroyed and degraded at worrying rates. Fires, clear-cutting for agriculture, ranching and development, unsustainable logging for wood, and degradation due to climate change are forms of deforestation and have been known to ruin many forests. This affects people’s livelihoods and threatens the distinction of a wide range of plants and animals species. Some 46-58 million square miles of forest are gone each year which is equivalent to 48 football fields every minute. Well, all of this is happening to the Atlantic forest, it’s the most threatened rainforest in Brazil. The Atlantic Forest, which spreads in a continuous strip along the 2,000 miles of Brazil’s eastern seaboard, up the steep coastal mountain slopes and, in places, far into the interior, reaching parts of Paraguay and northern Argentina.     The Atlantic forest is also known as the Gran Chaco. The name ”Chaco” comes from a Quechua word (the language of the Inca), which means ”hunting grounds”.  Much of the Atlantic forest was destroyed to make way for farmers to plant sugar, coffee, and other crops, and later for growing cities like Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The first reason of endangerment is because of Agriculture expansion. The increase in global demand for many products of these forests are like palm oil and soybeans, are causing industrial-scale producers to clear forests. The second reason would be Logging, including illegal logging, is a reason of deforestation, it destroys the livelihoods of those who depend on the forest. The third reason that causes endangerment is Road construction which leads to deforestation by giving out a way to previously upgraded lands. The road expansions often lead to people cutting down many trees which are called illegal logging. Finally, the fourth reason for deforestation and endangerment would be overpopulation. The planet’s forests are being destroyed by population growth.With overpopulation, there is an increase in global needs and wants, leading to more people causing deforestation.     The Atlantic Forest has about 2,200 species of birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians  5% of the vertebrates in the world. This also includes most of the bird species found nowhere else, and 60% of all of Brazil’s threatened animal species live in this forest. Also, the Atlantic Forest of Brazil is also a shelter to around 20,000 species of plants, making up 8% of the Earth’s plants. In fact, in the 1990s researchers from the New York Botanical Garden have found out that there are 458 tree species more than double the number of tree species in the entire U.S. eastern seaboard. New species of flora and fauna continue to be discovered. Trees play a main role in absorbing the greenhouse gases that fuel global warming. Fewer forests mean larger amounts of greenhouse gases entering the atmosphere and increased speed and severity of global warming. When we cut down plants not only humans are affected but also animals. Many animals call the Atlantic forest as there home and when we cut down trees and plants we are destroying their shelter. Deforestation can cause animals to be extinct for example the three species of lion tamarins and six bird species, there are many unique species including the red-billed curassow, the Brazilian merganser, and numerous threatened parrot species. If we don’t stop deforestation all those beautiful species will be extinct.      A forest distinction can lead to many issues in the country such as loss in the economy because it lowers the sightseeing in a country that attracts tourists. The Gran Chaco is a big part of Argentina that’s why. They are working on a Collaboration for Forests and Agriculture (CFA) to eliminate the loss and degradation of tropical and subtropical forests ecosystems which basically means taking care of what makes the Gran Chaco a forest. That means they will take care of the animals and not allow them from distinction. This also means that they will limit some of the actions that the campers do that causes the distinction of the forest. For example, beef and soy are the major products of the Gran Chaco. So basically they start taking care of these products more and ensuring that key commodities are sourced only from deforestation-free areas.     There are many suggestions for me to protect this environment. One way I would have metal fences around the forest so it would limit the cutting trees. Another thing I would do is allow campers at a certain time and make them leave at a certain time. If a camper leaves anything behind then he/she has to pay a fee that costs $500. This can limit the amount of littering around the forest. The last solution I would make would be making it so there is no smoking nor any use of fire in the forest. I would make it so that there are certain areas in the forest where you can light up the fire. This solution can limit the number of fire hazards that happen in the forest. Fire hazards have been known for ruining many forests and sometimes even destroying them to the point where they no longer exist so I think it’s important to take care of that factor in forests.          Forests are a very important source of life. They give us oxygen and pure air to breathe from. They are also home to many animals. Forests have been also known for being helpful with flooding because  During times of heavy rainfall forests such as those in floodplains help to absorb water and slow flood flows. Forests are very important to us, especially the Gran Chaco forest. It is known for being one of the main sources of Soy, Beef, and Tannin. If it gets distinct then these products can be limited in many countries and probably even the whole entire world which is why I think now is the time to take care of this issue and start new laws that help to reserve this forest before it’s too late to do so. We need to start standing up for these forests and animals that live there.

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