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Shampooing and Conditioning and scalp

Amy Scott

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Barbering & Male Grooming

Level 5


Project work

Submission date 22nd of

























In this project it will tell you
about what shampoo and conditioner is and whys it used? And also the advantages
of shampoo and the disadvantages, and it will explain the different types of
shampoo and conditioner for different hair types it will also  Identifying contraindications, and tell you
about Massage techniques.


1.0Terms of

Colbert a lecturer from the facully of business, social services and sports has
requested for Amy Scott to write a report on shampooing, conditioning and scalp
massage. This is a requirement for communications and has to submitted by 22nd
of November.


2.0 Procedures


 Hand outs

 3.0 Findings

3.1 What is
shampoo and whys it used?

Shampoo is a
liquid detergent, it is a hair care products and is used for the removal of
dirt, oil, skin particles, dandruff, pollutants and other contaminants that
build up in the hair. Shampoo being a liquid detergent is convenient to use it
in our daily life. Compared to powdered detergents liquid detergents dissolve
more rapidly, in cold particularly and they usually generate less dust and
easier to use. Aesthetic values of shampoo with respect to its appearance,
fragrance, viscosity is important than any other liquid detergent. Development
and maintenance of the product and also is performance and the aesthetic
property is always noted by the users. The additives in shampoos are active in
other areas other than cleaning and foaming, they are also designed to provide
performances like hair luster, manageability and elimination of dandruff. The
concentration is shampoo is about 8% as it requires shampoos to be mild to skin
and low irritation to eyes. In shampoos salts like sodium, and alcohol ether
sulphates are widely used as surfactants in shampoo. (,

3.2 Advantages
of shampoo!

Shampoo keeps hair silky and smooth, The shampoo foam is
pleasing, Keeps dirt, dust, oil and pollutants away, Shampoo is easy to rinse,
There is minimum skin and eye irritation It gives a thick and creamy feeling
Pleasant fragrance is imparted Its less toxic It is biodegradable It is
slightly acidic Causes less damage to hair.

Repairs damaged hair (,

3.3 Disadvantages
of shampoo!

Sodium laureate sulphate is commonly used in shampoos which
may harm eyes and skin and may even be carcinogenic Use of ethylene oxide with
sodium laureate sulphate may result in 1, 4-dioxane is said to be carcinogenic Continuous
exposure to this can cause headache and vertigo and soreness in the eyes, nose,
throat and lungs. There is an additional ether chain which is an inexpensive
cleaning agent; it may result in severe scalp discomfort and also loss of hair.
The nitrogen based SLES can be carcinogenic and can lead top irritability, skin
rash and other allergic symptoms.




3.4 What is conditioner?


Hair conditioner is a hair care product that changes the texture and
appearance of hair. Hair conditioner is often a viscous liquid that is applied
and massaged into the hair. Hair conditioner is usually used after washing the
hair with shampoo. Hair conditioners may contain moisturizers, oils and
sunscreen, among other ingredients. (,


3.5 Types of conditioner


Pack conditioners are heavy and thick, with a high content of surfactants
that are able to bind to the hair structure and “glue” the hair
surface scales together. These are usually applied to the hair for a longer
time. The surfactants are based on long, straight aliphatic fatty acid chains
similar to saturated fatty acids. Their molecules have a tendency to
crystallize easily, giving the conditioner higher viscosity, and they tend to
form thicker layers on the hair surface.

Leave-in conditioners are thinner and have different surfactants, which
add only a little material to the hair. They are based on unsaturated fatty
acid chains, which are bent, not straight. This shape makes them less prone to
crystallizing, making a lighter, less viscous mixture and providing a
significantly thinner layer on the hair. The difference between pack and
leave-in conditioners is similar to the difference between fats and oils, the
latter being less viscous. Leave-in conditioner is designed

to be used in a similar way to hair oil, preventing the tangling of hair
and keeping it smooth. Its use is particularly prevalent by those with
naturally curly or kinky hair.

Ordinary conditioners combine some aspects of pack and leave-in
conditioners. Ordinary conditioners are generally applied directly after using
shampoo, and manufacturers usually produce a conditioner counterpart for
different types of shampoo for this purpose.

Hold conditioners, based on cationic polyelectrolyte polymers, hold the
hair in a desired shape. These have a function and composition similar to
diluted hair gels. (,


3.6 Different
types of shampoo and conditioner for different hair types!

Greasy hair,
this deep-cleansing shampoo minimizes oil production, so your hair will become
less oily over time. The lightweight conditioner nourishes hair while
dissolving excess oil.

Dry hair,
Argan oil, found in Redken All Soft Shampoo and Conditioner, makes dry, coarse
hair softer and silkier because it’s rich in fatty acids. Ultralight
sunflower-seed oil, found in Aveda Dry Remedy Moisturizing Shampoo and
Conditioner, does the same for fine hair without weighing it down.

 Normal hair, Kerastase Nourishing Shampoo and
Conditioner for Normal to Slightly Dry Hair Duo is the perfect combination for
hair that needs moisturising. Kerastase Nutritive Irisome Bain Satin 1 250ml is
a shampoo that gently cleanses your hair, while also offering moisturising and
conditioning properties

hair, the upside of having fried ends and a head full of bleach? You get to use
Fekkai PrX Reparative Shampoo and Conditioner. Intensely rich and creamy, they
repair damage to the hair shaft and smell like dessert to boot. (,

3.7 Contraindications

What is a
contra indication?

A sign of a
condition that could stop a service. An incompatibility to a product or
treatment; or an adverse reaction to the service. Contra– challenging, opposing
or adverse Indication–sign, signal or symptom as a part of the consultation you
need to make sure the client is fit for the treatment.

3.8 Different
types of contraindications?

Psoriasis is
a skin condition that causes red, flaky, crusty patches of skin covered with
silvery scales. These
patches normally appear on your elbows, knees, scalp and lower back, but can
appear anywhere on your body. Most people are only affected with small patches.
In some cases, the patches can be itchy or sore.

Impetigo is
a common and highly contagious skin infection that causes sores and blisters.
It’s not usually serious and often improves within a week of treatment.

There are
two types of impetigo:

impetigo, which typically affects the skin around the nose and mouth, causing
sores to develop that quickly burst to leave a yellow-brown crust

impetigo, which typically affects the trunk (the central part of the body
between the waist and neck), causing fluid-filled blisters (bullae) to develop
that burst after a few days to leave a yellow crust

Head lice
are tiny insects that live in human hair. They’re particularly common in

Head lice
are whitish to grey-brown in colour, and smaller than the size of a pinhead
when first hatched. When fully grown they’re about the size of a sesame seed.

They can’t
fly, jump or swim and are spread by head-to-head contact, climbing from the
hair of an infected person to the hair of someone else.

ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHEN CONFRONTED WITH A                                                        

Let the
client know if they have a contra indication. Advise them to go see GP, Advise
them to treat it.

3.11 Massage

The method you will use most frequently because you do it every time you
shampoo. Using the fingers and thumb in a circular or rotational movement. For
this technique you apply gentle but firm pressure and can easily develop a
pattern of movement which will cover the hairline and scalp. Rotary massage is
similar to Petrissage.

You would
use this technique for the shampoo process. (,

a light or feathery form of stroke used to encourage venous and lymphatic
return in Swedish massage techniques. It is generally used at the beginning or
the end of the massage session, they are 4 variations of this stroke they are ethereal
strokes feathering, or nerve-stroking superficial effleurage deeper effleurage you
employ this technique when you apply treatments and conditioners

another Swedish massage technique which applies pressure to the body. This is
used to work the underlying muscles in a kneading action. The palm of the
hands, the fingers and the thumbs are used in this slow and rhythmic movement.
The main techniques of petrissage are; Kneading Scissoring Knuckling. You would
use this technique when massaging the temples, neck and shoulders. (,


This report
was based on shampoo, conditioner and scalp massage, it is given the readers an
idea of what to expect when going into a salon to get their hair washed after
this report the readers (children, oaps, young adults and middle aged people)
will look forward to having a trip to the salon after reading this article.



 And hands out that I got from other lecturers. 

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