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Tajikistan
remains one of the poorest and the most economically broken countries among the
other states of commonwealth. Poverty is the most considerable problem that
force Tajik people to move for another parts of the world to find more fitting
life conditions. Almost 45% of the citizens of Tajikistan live with $3 a day
(Ryazantsev, 2016, p.4). Poor infrastructure stagnates the state’s economy,
because Tajikistan is a mountainous country and it makes transportation a
challenge. The big amount of rural residents suffer from poverty, due to their
physical remoteness and the lack of transportation between their communities
and employment centers. Remote rural areas provide themselves even without
having regular jobs by living on the livestock, vegetables and fruits they
grow. However, these seasonal jobs do not satisfy all the residents of the
villages. The lack of jobs in a given area and a high rate of poverty prompts
many citizens to search for job in nearby country. Following the Civil War
period (1992-1997), Tajikistan is succeeded in decreasing the decent amount of
poverty in the country, though it is hard to call Tajikistan as an economically
viable nation-state, providing sustainable development for its citizens
(Ryazantsev, 2016, p.4). Consequently, the poverty in Tajikistan remains one of
the main reasons for the citizens to leave their land.

The environmental
reason that force Tajik population to leave their land seems rare nowadays,
however, the moment that any disaster and flooding occur, there will increase
more demand for leaving a country. Tajikistan is a mountainous country having
many lakes and rivers in it, which always goes in favor of making people’s
lives better, however, sometimes it makes hurt the citizen’s properties as well.
Myhre’s (2012) study found the following: Challenges that Tajikistan’s
environment brings up hamper its development and affect the health of the
population in a gruesome way (Myhre, 2012, p.20). Therefore, the agricultural
actor of the state will be unsuccessful on feeding the population, although the
agriculture is the main sector both for development and industrializing of the
country. Statistics by Ryzantsev (2016) support the issue, which determines
that the migrants that leave Tajikistan are always the population from rural
and mountainous areas, which believe the conditions that they have to live are
not satisfying them anymore. Therefore, the environmental issue which always
have seemed regular in Tajikistan compel its citizens to leave their land for
better opportunities of living.   

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Although
economic and environmental problems seemed obvious reasons for migration, some
migrate for political reasons, too. Tajikistan has been an independent state
for over 25 years and shared always its democratic ideologies in the world’s
view. However, according to Myhre, Tajikistan being a democratic country for
some years still lacks the views that every democratic country should have,
such as free press and speech, which create a stable democracy (Myhre, 2012,
p.20). That is being said, the conclusion can be analyzed that Tajikistan is
still supports the authoritarian views on developing the country, which makes
no sense in real conditions where Tajikistan is right now. The youth which
strive to change something in the country are always under the supervision of
governmental organization. Furthermore, stating Myhre’s observation, young men
often leave straight after finishing school to avoid conscription, fearing abuse
and the risk of being sent to conflicts like those in Khorog during the summer
of 2012 (Myhre, 2012, p.21). Nevertheless, Tajikistan’s central power seems
imitating some other countries, such as Russia, by not allowing its citizens to
be responsible for their actions and having free views in public. Does it not
seem that, Tajikistan is dependent on Russia, for such actions? Yes, there is
still the influence of Russia on Tajikistan, which are partly shared by Tajik
citizens. Those people, which support the views, “old views”, strive to migrate
to be closer to the donor country for its opportunities. However, most
youngsters have to travel to find the safe shelter to express their thoughts
and views, even though remotely. Therefore, the political situation which does
not seem an obvious reason for migration from the foreign point of views,
however, still remains a challenging barrier on developing the country and
indeed, it forces some people to leave home in order to find a better life with
greater opportunities.

            In conclusion, collecting everything
that has been already discussed, Tajikistan remains a huge country that fills
the unstable sectors of Russian Federation with its labor migrants. The reasons
that labor migrants leave their home for the coming new life, can be find
either in politics or a place that they live in. But the main reason that
causes to leave the land remains the economy that seems weak in Tajikistan.
Furthermore, creating new opportunities for the youth also can make a big
contribution toward altering the labor migration. The environment of Tajikistan
is being improper for running many businesses does not make it worse, but makes
a vision to develop a specific sector on those opportunities. Therefore, these
reasons and issues, hopefully, will be discussed in a bigger manner of speech
and will have their proper solutions on making a stable economy, a democratized
politics and a safe environmental conditions.     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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