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The Egyptian Railways was one of the oldest countries in the
world built rail in 1851 in Africa and the Middle East. The Egyptian Railways
is one of the largest railway markets in the Middle East and Africa. This is an
almost ancient railway network to the British rail network, between Alexandria
and Kafr El-zayat. Egypt is the second country in the world to introduce rail
services after the United Kingdom. The Egyptian National Railways (ENR) is
responsible for the railway systems and services in Egypt. The railway network
covers about 5130 kilometres, about 9560 kilometres. Due to lack of investment,
the entire system is a standard instrument, not electrified. There are about
705 stations and about 1300 level crossings, and about a quarter have
electronic alarm devices.

Due to proper maintenance, the proportion of rail transport
does not exceed 1%, so the recent railway transport is difficult. It defines
the strategy of comprehensive railway reform.

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The ENR is divided into 10 sectors, including  

Long-haul sector

Short-haul sector

Cargo transportation

Infrastructure sector

Maintenance and
technical support sector

Services sector

Safety and quality
assurance sector

Finance sector

Human resources

Engineering projects
and the Authority Management Centre sector


The number of employees at ENR in 2015 was approximately

ENR fleet includes more than 800 locomotives, about 3,800
buses and 11,876 trucks. The maximum train length that can be operated is 16 or
640 meters. The signal is usually done manually, except for the
Cairo-Alexandria High Corridor where signalling is done automatically. In the
busy network sector, the daily demand exceeds 150 units. All operations are
diesel propulsion. Figure (1) shows the Egyptian rail network, which shows the
spread of the Egyptian Railways. The network is linked to major cities in the
Nile Delta. Along the Nile, there is also a route leading to the southernmost
tip of Aswan Dam. All railways are standardized, not electrified.

The total line length
extends to 5,130 kilometres, or 9,560 track kilometres which are subdivided

Quadruple tracks: 20
kilometres (0.4 percent of total).

Double track: 1,460
kilometres (28.5 percent of total).

Single track: 3,650
kilometres (71.2 percent of total).

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