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The 2011 Egyptian Revolution and the
aftermath of the Protestation

How the revolution affected Egypt till
this day and some individuals’ insights on that event

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It all started on
an unusual for the Egyptian society on the morning of January 25th,
which is known to be the “Police Day”. Egypt has made that day for police in
regard to appreciating their efforts for keeping the areas and streets secure
and under control. The Egyptian Revolution of 2011, or how
Egyptians call it the January 25th Revolution began on 25
January 2011; right on Police Day and took place across all of Egypt. A
group of young men decided to agree on a date to set up and go out to protest.
That date was set to fall in with the police day. Their goals were to protest
and show their disagreement with the police brutality toward the civilians during
the last few years of Mubarak’s presidency. The protest consisted of
demonstrations, camping on the streets, vandalism, and conflicts between
security forces and civilians. Millions of protesters from all the twenty eight
governors (Provinces) of Egypt demanded the stepping down of Egyptian
President Muhammad Hosni Mubarak. President Mubarak has been in Presidency for
about three consecutive decades. Three consecutive decades, in which Egypt and
its people have seen a lot in them. Thirty years of corruption, bribing increase,
and unjust toward many of citizens.  These
demands for protest included all types of people such as: liberal, anti-liberal,
and also some feminist figures, but finally included Islamists figures (The
Muslim Brotherhood). Technically, the revolution started at that moment! Very
deadly between police and security forces and protesters resulted in killings
of hundreds of people killed and thousands injured. Hundreds of police stations
were burned by protestors. It was the first time in my life seeing Egypt going
through this drama.

The protesters’ main
goals were focused on political, economic, and legal issues, which included police
brutality, lack of security, and lack of freedom in all areas(Almost no freedom
of speech existed), and other economic issues included high unemployment, increasing
prices for products, and low wages for workers. The consequences of all of
these goals had ended of the long term of Mubarak, the corrupt constitution.

During the revolution, Cairo (The
Capital of Egypt) was described as kill zone and city of Suez has also
seen frequent violent clashes. The government had to issue a curfew for about
ten to twelve hours a day in order to cool things down. Protestors did not
abide by the government-imposed curfew. That made it impossible to enforce
by the police and military. Meanwhile, the neighborhoods started to witness a
lot of burglaries. Neighbors started to form watch groups to protect
neighborhoods. Actually, I was a part of those watch groups that were
protecting the neighborhoods. I used to stand out in the street at night during
the curfew with a bunch of friends and neighbors that lived around. Our task
was to block the street of our neighborhood by bunch of rocks we collected, and
we hold sticks to prepare for anything unusual. Any car that used to pass
through the place we are guarding, we stop if first and we ask the driver to
step out to search the car to make sure it is clean and nothing is inside and
might as well ask to see his ID card. Curfew was going on at that time we used
to stand out in the streets, but it was not strictly imposed in the civilian
areas.

Internationally,
the Arab Spring began to emerge at this point. The Tunisian revolution has triggered
most Arab nations, including Egypt to start a demonstration, which included
Yemen, Bahrain as well. The international reaction from European counties and
other counties have varied, with most Western nations condoning peaceful
protests but concerned about the stability of Egypt and the region.

Mubarak was in the process of
demolishing his government. He put in charge a former head of Dr. Omar
Suleiman as a vice-president in an attempt to cool down the dispute against
Mubarak. Mubarak has asked Ahmed Shafik to form a new government. Shafik is the
one, who ran for presidency later on in competition with Dr. Mohammed Morsi
(the Muslim Brotherhood candidate). During that time, a man appeared and faced
nothing but rejection from the Egyptian nation. Muhammed ElBaradei has gotten a
lot of support from all opposition parties that stood aside next to him until
unity government is formed. Mubarak, in another attempt to contain the crisis,
announced he did not have any prior intention to run again on in September.

Later on, Suleiman declared that
Mubarak would no longer be a as president and would resign. The SCAF (Supreme
Council of the Armed Forces) is going to take over power until they form a new government.
The military regime, by Mohamed Hussein Tantawi declared that the
constitution would be suspended. The military took over and ruled for six
months (until elections could be held) and the Houses of Parliament had no
other option put to pass that. Ahmed Shafik and his previous cabinet, would
serve as a or transition government until a new government take control. Shafik,
though, people have thought he could be another Mubarak. Majority of people
have seen him that way. Later on, Shafik resigned from presidency and Essam
Sharaf, the minister of transport took over. Now at this point, Mubarak and
Shafik are out of the game. Now comes the fun part which still at this very
moment has not been resolved yet!

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