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The novel, Lord of the Flies, finds its two main characters at odds about the others respective approach to running the island. Ralph, the protagonist of the novel demands that there be rules on the island that each boy follows, and argues that everyone has the right speak their mind using the conch. Jack Merridew, the antagonist of the novel wishes that he be in charge of the group of boys, and wishes to have the supreme authority. The conflict between the boys and their ways of managing the island is an allegory of the contrast between democratic and dictatorial governments. By the end of the novel, the author reveals what consequences each form of governing can have on its people. William Golding’s Lord of the Flies is a political allegory about how a state with a democratic government is more optimal than a dictatorial government in society. Firstly, a majority of the novel is set up as if it is a state with a democratic government. This is displayed when Ralph blows the conch and orders an assembly. He makes a statement, saying “Seems to me we ought to have a chief to decide.” (pg.18). This line reveals that Ralph is a believer in having order, and a set of rules to follow. Thereafter, the boys decide to vote for their chief, so that everyone gets their voice heard on who should be their leader. For the boys, “This toy of voting was almost as pleasing as the conch.” (pg.18). The boys are from England, which is a democratic country, so they are familiar with this idea or “toy” of voting because that is how they deal with things back home in England. Also, when Ralph is elected leader, he mostly does a good job keeping everyone in order, however, Jack becomes increasingly more frustrated with Ralph and his rules. He eventually becomes so fed up with Ralph, that he calls his own assembly and holds another vote to overthrow Ralph as the chief; “‘Hands up?’ said Jack strongly, ‘whoever wants Ralph not to be chief?'” (pg.139). Jack is left humiliated as not a single person votes for removing Ralph as chief, so he then departs from the group. This marks the last time the group is collectively in a democratic state because once Jack leaves, he starts his own group of “savages” and begins running a dictatorship, thus creating conflict with Ralph. Secondly, Jack believes that his dictatorial form of rule is most ideal for the island, and this leads to some negative consequences for the boys. When the reader first meets Jack, they see how egotistical and controlling he is. This is when the boys are voting for chief, where Jack argues “‘I ought to be chief,’ said Jack with simple arrogance, ‘because I’m chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp.'” (pg.18). Jack makes an incredibly weak argument on why he should be voted as the leader, but this actually shows his desperation for him being in control because he is so used to following rules back home, which is also why he did not vote for Ralph because he did not want to be ordered by anyone else. Next, Jack is revealed to be very dominating over the other boys, which then gradually increases his power on the island as the novel progresses. When Ralph, Jack, and Simon leave to explore the island in the first chapter, Piggy asks if he can join them, Jack says “‘We don’t want you Piggy,’ said Jack, flatly. ‘Three’s enough.'” (pg.21). Jack immediately shuts down Piggy’s proposal, showing that he has more power than Piggy and has the ability of making people obey him. Also, when Jack leaves the group to create his own, he persuades other boys to join him by trying to connect with them. The Lord of the Flies tells Simon “We are going to have fun on this island. Understand?” (pg.158). The Lord of the Flies embodies all of the evil that is presently on the island and much of it resides in Jack, since he is saying the similar thing to get the others to side with him. He tells the others that they are going to have all of the “fun” on the island so that his own party will seem more compelling than Ralph and his party, and this is similar to what Adolf Hitler during his rise to power because he manipulated Germany by venting his frustrations about their loss in World War One, which then made the German citizens sympathise and connect with him. Finally, the argument is made that dictatorship has far worse negative consequences than a democratic state. A dictator is stereotypically viewed as someone who wants to be idolized by the people in their state of control. When Jack becomes leader of his own tribe, he forces the boys to call him “chief” instead of by name and demands to be treated with the utmost authority, like he is some divine being; “A great log had been dragged into the center of the lawn and Jack, painted and garlanded, sat there like an idol…” (pg.164). This is similar to indigenous tribes because their chief usually has some article on them that signifies their importance, and in this case it is Jack with his garlands, but this also means that Jack as a leader gives no importance to the opinions and thoughts of the other boys in his tribe. Furthermore, dictators have been notoriously known manipulate their people using fear. This is evident when Roger is proceeding to torture Sam and Eric, where it says “Roger edged past the chief, only just avoiding pushing him with his shoulder.” (pg.202). This passage explains to the reader that Roger, despite being extremely twisted himself, is still afraid of Jack and his power because he tries to avoid simply brushing his shoulder, and this parallels other dictators that have existed, like Hitler and Kim Jong Un. One dominant factor that leads the boys to fear Jack is his knife which symbolises his power among the group, and it is also revealed that Ralph owns a knife as well but he does not use it to signify his power like Jack does. Nevertheless, Piggy and Ralph stay adamant on keeping rules on the island to govern themselves, as it has proven to have had lesser negative consequences on the boys. Piggy even asks the question; “Which is better–to have laws and agree, or to hunt and kill?” (pg.200) to Jack and his tribe. Piggy reasons with the boys that they are becoming increasingly less human and more primal, and claims that rules are the only way to prevent them losing sense of who they are. This novel puts major emphasis on how democracy is a higher standard of government than a dictatorship, and the cause and effect of both branches. The island was in a democratic state for most of the novel, but the change to dictatorship had added more fire to the conflict between Ralph and Jack. The reign as chief by Jack only caused mayhem and death, while Ralph and his branch of democracy helped the boys on the island thrive. In conclusion, Lord of the Flies proves that a democratic government is more fitting than a dictatorial government, and it is more ideal in modern society.

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