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The KKK was a popular organization in the 1800s-1900s and exceeded 4 million people in memberships in the 1920s.  The KKK was made to restore white supremacy, instill fear in African Americans and Republicans, and reduce the influence of any African Americans or Republicans in the government. The KKK was founded in 1866 in Pulaski, Tennessee by former Confederate soldiers with the intent to fight against the Reconstruction-era policies in the South and restore white supremacy.  They made a former Confederate general, Nathan Bedford Forrest, their first grand wizard, the main leader of the KKK.  To fight the new policies made by the Republicans, KKK members started a campaign of violence against Republican leaders and African Americans involved in the government.  They would carry out these acts of violence at night in their KKK attire, white robes, hoods and masks, with each member usually acting on their own with the common goal of beating Radical Reconstruction.  Members of the KKK would do things like intimidating others, destroying property, assaulting people, and murdering people in order to influence elections (history.com). Because of the KKK, fear was instilled in many African Americans and white Republicans during the late 1800s to early 1900s.  Their ideology was spreading throughout the South and in 1868, most of the white population was apart of the KKK regardless of their profession.  Many African Americans were being kept from voting, being protected, and being successful because the KKK would attack them in order to undermine the power of the African Americans.  The way that the KKK would attack the African Americans is that they would break into their houses at night and drag them out to torture them and sometimes kill them (ocw.usu.edu). The KKK would attack Radical Republicans and African Americans involved in politics in order to lessen the amount of influence the Republicans had on the government and maintain white supremacy in the South.  It is related to To Kill A Mockingbird because the setting of the book is in the South which is where segregation and racism are extremely relevant and serious problems at the time.  Because the government in the South was influenced by the KKK, Atticus was automatically at a disadvantage in the court case against his client, Tom Robinson.  In the present day, the KKK has a much less impact on society as it did in the late 1800s-early 1900s and only has a couple thousand members. The KKK’s goal was to restore white supremacy in the South by instilling fear in African Americans and Republicans using various methods.  Ultimately, they failed to accomplished their goal as seen today where they don’t have a big impact on society and there is  racial equality in the US.

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