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The second largest cultivated
mushroom species group in all over the world especially in South East Asia,
Europe and Africa is Oyster mushrooms (Mandeel et al. 2005), it constituting
approximately 27% of the total global production (Royse 2014). Cultivation of
edible mushrooms is one of the most economically viable processes for the
bioconversion of lignocellulosic wastes (Cohen et al. 2002) and for the
production of protein-rich food with medicinal value that will sustain food
security for the rural people. The Pleurotus
species were adapted for cultivation on small-and large-scale farms as well as
in tropical and temperate climates on various lignocellulosic agro-and forest
wastes (Miles and Chang 2004). P.
ostreatus is one of the most valued mushroom due to its very good taste,
high nutritional and various medicinal values (Oseni et al. 2012). Due to its
favorable environmental condition it is easily cultivable mushroom in Tripura
and cultivation is important due to its nutritional and pharmaceutical
properties. Cultivation of oyster
mushroom by using different supplements was used to enhance production
including cottonseed hull (Fanadzo et al., 2010), wheat bran (Al-Momany and
Ananbeh, 2011), olive mill waste (Ruiz-Rodríguez et al., 2010), cotton seed and
soya bean (Upadhyay et al., 2002), rice bran, and maize powder (Alam et al.,
2010), sawdust, banana leaves and tomato tuff (Ananbeh and Almomany, 2008),
etc. But we have chosen the sawdust and paddy straw substrates because
these substrates are easily available in all seasons to the rural people of
Tripura. Rice straw is a main agricultural byproduct in many countries in which
rice is a major crop and it also considered as renewable resources (Rahnama et
al. 2013). According
to Micheal et al., (2011) cultivated mushrooms showed different
effect on the functional, organoleptic and chemical properties of mushrooms for
using different substrates.

efficiency is simply a way to calculate the effectiveness of a mushroom strain
and substrate combination when growing mushrooms. The natural
antioxidants are believed to be very important for human diet, especially in relation to oxidative stress prevention. For this reason, extensive investigation of natural sources of efficient radical-scavenging compounds
is receiving high attention in health research (Chen et al. 2013). Mushrooms are
also known as nutritionally, medicinally important natural and cultivable resources
due to presence of different bioactive components. This work evaluates the
comparative study of cultivation technique of P. ostreatus on two types of easily available substrates. This
study will help to select the best substrate for large scale cultivation of P. ostreatus on the basis of biological
efficiency and medicinal properties.

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