The book The Jungle was written by Upton Sinclair, a famous author. His purpose behind writing the novel is to reveal the dreadful truth behind the meat-packing industry. In this writing, Sinclair expresses his view on the vicious tactics he saw during his visit in a meat-packing industry located in Chicago. Sinclair used powerful diction that dug into the reader’s heart and made them understand how he felt when he discovered the terrible conditions under which America’s meat was made from. The facts and events that are disclosed throughout the novel triggered feelings varying from discomfort and remorse to striking and inquiring. The book turned out to be a success and surprised the public with the shocking truth that industries were hiding in their meat products. After it was published and revealed in the periodical Appeal to Reason, the excerpt caused meat sales to drop a significant amount and even lead some people to turn vegetarians after reading it. The Jungle had a great impact on society because it revealed the truth which the meat-packing industries did not want to make publicize.
Upton Sinclair was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1878 to an old Virginian family. He wrote his first story at the age of 5, and at the age of 10 his family moved to New York City where he attended to school. Sinclair graduated from Colombia University in 1897 and continued to pursue his career of writing. Three years later he married Meta Fuller and had a child with her. Sinclair began to write novels but he had little success when it came to getting his books published.
As Sinclair was struggling to make his living as a writer he was asked to write a novel about the meat packer’s union in Chicago. While gathering research, Sinclair interviewed various workers and observed the working conditions in the industries. He documented everything he experienced along with all the horrific things he saw while working undercover in the meat packaging world. After finishing his research, he published The Jungle two years later which rose up in sales.
The Jungle influenced many of those who read it. It was Sinclair’s purpose in the story to reveal the horrible working and living conditions of immigrants through the protagonist, Jurgis Rudkus. Instead of given attention to the working class, the book awakened the nation with questions about the dangers in food supply and the government’s capability to fulfill their role in keeping it secured. The novel became a national conspiracy after its publication, which in turn led to a public outrage. The government had no choice but to step in and created new federal food laws. It was in this time that the “Meat Inspection Act of 1906 and the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906” (Elgamil) was passed.
Sinclair uses ethos in his book to convince the reader that his statements are authentic. He utilizes this device to support his claim that the environment within the meat-packing industries are gruesome and hazardous. His credibility is high because he witnessed everything he described in his book and along with that, he also interviewed experience workers who have been working there and are more knowledgeable with how the meat-packaging industry truly works.
The audience was intrigued by the way Sinclair used pathos in The Jungle. This device is the most consistent throughout the story. He uses pathos to describe his message of how utterly horrific and disgusting the meat industries are. In the second paragraph of the book he described the in-humanly actions the industries took to make their meat, he wrote “Jonas had told them how the meat that was taken out of pickle would often be found sour, and how they would rub it up with soda to take away the smell, and sell it to be eaten on free lunch counters.” (Sinclair).
Sinclair’s logos gave fuel to his purpose by revealing true facts about the topic. He used this device within his statements to give the audience a deeper knowledge of the process under which meat products were made from. Logos helped Sinclair create a more powerful argument and helped him convince the reader even more.
In conclusion, Sinclair uses a variety of rhetorical devices to ultimately expose the meat-packing industry for their unsafe and disturbing acts with both the workers and the product. The Jungle awakened readers to the brutal truth that were within the meat products America consumes. It was clear that this book was influential in many ways and gave many a sense of remorse and sympathy over the immigrant workers. Sinclair did an outstanding job of describing the events he witnessed and ended up causing and global effect which shifted the meat-packaging industry into a different direction.