This paper will discuss how the different layers of the
government do to address a policy within National Security. It
will discuss how each layer of the government’s effect on National Security
policy and how the different layers can influence a policy decision.
National Security is always on the agenda for
America. According to the ones who
framed the Constitution it is the responsibility of the Federal
government. The President of the United
States is with full executive power of the Federal government. He is the commander and chief of the
Military. The Congress still has a say
in certain executive decisions, but the President has ultimate discretion over
anything to do with a War. The Congress
has to agree to declare war, and it has only been done five times in our
System and how it affects policy.
In the American Constitution there are different branches
of government one not more powerful than the other so that they can check and
balance each other. The federal, State
and local are all similar.
This Legislative Branch is an authoritative branch that orders
enactment, affirms or rejects Presidential arrangements, and has the specialist
to proclaim war. It incorporates
Congress and helps administrations to Congress. American citizens have the right to vote for
the Senators and Representatives of their choice. Each State has two Senators equaling 100 for
all 50 states and they do six year terms and can do multiple terms. The House of Representatives have 435 Representatives
they are spread throughout 50 states in extent to their aggregate populace.
There are extra non-voting delegates who speak to the District of Columbia and
the domains. A Representative serves a two-year term, and there is no
restriction to the quantity of terms an individual can serve.
The Executive branch is the branch that issues laws and
upholds them. It is comprised of the
President, Vice President and other offices and boards and just like the
Legislative branch American can vote for their officials. The President is the head of the states and
of the Military. He is also responsible
for making and enforcing laws made by Congress. The President has the power to deploy forces
but not declare war. The President has the power, and bears the
responsibility, to make tough decisions at a moment’s notice—whether to trust
fresh but uncertain intelligence, bomb a target, target an enemy for a missile
attack, or arrest a terror suspect. These
decisions are not subject to legislative check or veto.
The Judicial Branch is the legal branch that dissects
laws and make sure they are not in violation of our constitution. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the
U.S. and is nominated by the President.
It has 9 members a Chief Justice and eight associate justices. The justices have no fixed term and can serve
until terminated or retire. The courts role in influencing security
policies is very little. The court
merely observes and gives recommendation for the Executive branch to improve it
policies in National Security.
The states are in charge of the considerable number of
ranges not recorded as government duties. In any case, regularly both levels of
government are included and the government will offer cash to the states to do
their projects. State governments get subsidizing from various sources
including income from the elected Goods and Services Tax and state-based
expenses, imposes and charges. State is
set up much like the federal government which has legislative, Executive and
Judicial functions. The States handle
state level security policies but do tend to influence the National level for
an example they States can attest that funding like war time funding takes away
from meeting vital human needs with in the States. The can drive the policies towards bring
money back to the States instead of poring it into another country.
The local government systems are more
inclined to get in detail involved with issues of the people. There are
Committees and boards and a Mayor is the head council. The chamber of commerce makes
nearby laws that reflect group needs and guarantees they can represent their
range. All laws and some ordinances have
to be approved by the State.
conclusion the every lay of government has influence on National Security in
some way. The President is ultimately
responsible for the decisions of the military.
The Judicial branch has duties of keep the policies within the rights of
the Constitution. The Congress has the power
to declare war, and state and local government merely influence our policies.