Tourism combines a few benefits such as pleasure to visitors as well as influences country’s development. It can boost economic growth, as well as initiate recognition of own strengths and weaknesses, as compared to other nations. lling of people outside the places of their work for personal, leisure and other purposes. However, it can also have a negative effect on the environment if is not managed correctly. From my perspective, I agree with some of the reasons that tourism will bring advantages and disadvantages to the country.The advantages are a new opportunity for local people, tourists can learn more about country cultures, spending time with family and the disadvantages are environmental damage, development of illegal activities, high cost.
First of all, the advantage of tourism is a new opportunity for local people: the amount of employment will increase. Moreover, it can support country’s economics and help local people to earn money. For example, tourists will spend money on services like hotel, food, transportation, medical services and many more. So, an increase in tourists will allow more businesses to open up. If the level of tourism rises, the demand for local product might increase as well. It could also cause the firm to hire more employees. This will result in a decrease in the rate of unemployment. Furthermore, local people who live near the place of interest can earn money by working as local guides and provide tourist basic facilities. For example in New Zealand “Southland farmers are being encouraged (by the government) to consider how they can take advantage of increasing opportunities in tourism. (1)
However, another advantage of tourism is that tourists can learn more about country’s culture and also can gain wider knowledge about the background of the country that they had visited. So, tourists have an opportunity assimilate to new cultures. They have chance to meet people from different social and cultural background to build more understanding and respect towards each other. This can help visitors to get awareness on how other people in other countries live, as well as to learn about local history. For example, tourists travel to the historical places and through various cultural and historical events they could acquire knowledge about that country’s context. The country that is tourism-friendly usually has to adapt to be open-minded and to be welcoming to foreigners to learn new cultures and become more tolerant and accepting. Gina Fairley for example, states that “there has been a further shift particularly in the past decade as people’s demand for more bespoke cultural offerings have forced a rethinking of cultural and heritage tourism”.
Furthermore, the advantage of tourism is also spending time with family. This allows tourists to make more memories and release stress by travelling with family members. Nowadays, people who are always busy with their daily life and routine, sometimes need to get out from the stressful environment. So, they must treasure this opportunity with family when travel. For example, they can plan a trip for one week to the place they choose to travel and they can release any stress and tension they have. They will travel for fun and enjoyment such as they can do whatever activities excited them and give them enjoyment.
On the other hand, the disadvantage of tourism is the environmental damage. With more tourists coming to the historical place that means they will produce a lot of waste. Likewise, more of street vendors in a tourist place will make the street crowded and unclean which bring about the air pollution effect. In addition, tourists will ride various types of transportation, from bikes and cars to increased number of planes and ferries, in order to reach the destination, so that could be the source of pollutions too. All these vehicles significantly increase the emissions into the atmosphere. This is a very important factor, as it is destroying places and endangers species, often by neglect of tourists and authorities.
Moreover, the disadvantage of tourism is development of illegal activities. One of the factors is uncontrolled alcohol consumption which brings aggressive or careless behaviour. Shoplifting and increased theft, drug problem, prostitution and begging rises as well because there are more tourists who possess large amounts of money and can become easy target. This also encourages people from less privileged backgrounds to look up to fancy lifestyle of tourists and commit such crimes in order to get more income.
Besides that, the disadvantage of tourism is a high cost of it. Many countries highly depend on expenditures by travellers as a source of taxation and income for local businesses. Government might have to spend more in attempt to make the country more attractive especially in less popular regions by improving transportation and other facilities. Thus, in order to generate more income, industry imposes high costs on the tourists where they have to pay more for accomodation, food, entertainment, transport and the price increases once resorts get more popular.
In conclusion, there are advantages and disadvantages of tourists visiting many places in the world. Therefore, country should have a proper policy and be responsible to take over the tourism industry to avoid unexpected consequences and make sure tourists can get comfortable when they visit our country. Besides that, many tourists should have their role to keep tourism places from environmental damage and continuity of that place for the future.
Tourist can also mix with different type of people to get well from different cultures; this could be a good challenging experience. Furthermore, boots economic condition and the country create job opportunity for local people. Hence, this will contribute today’s country economy so it is a best way for foreigners to spend their money.