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                                     In this era love-cum- arranged marriages
have become popular in the country.  In
modern times both men and women enjoy equal status; as both men and women
receive equal education. It is the children who decide to whom they want to get
married to under the guardianship of their parents. Education has played an
important role in bringing change in the institution of marriages. For educated
young men and women marriage is becoming simple ceremony losing many of its rigid
traditional ceremonies, elaborated customs is avoided or shortened in modern marriages.
They give more importance to education, rather than caste and gotra which is
also paving way for intercaste marriages and love marriages. Nowadays, many
girls are working before marriage so they put forward their condition that they
will not leave  job after marriage.

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                             It is expected
that well educated people should say no to Dowry, but in India it is observed
that higher educated men demand more dowry than the uneducated or less educated
men, domestic violence also prevails in this era where daughter in law is being
harassed by her husbands or in laws for the demand of dowry, to leave the job
or to give birth to male child etc. Even in this era a girl has to change her
surname after marriage she has to adopt her husband surname.  Divorce rates are high in modern society .  In this era it is also seen that
daughter-in-laws torture their mother-in law and father-in-law and and conspire
them in fraud cases. 1  Child marriage also prevails in some parts of
the country. 


Ø   The Prevention of Sati Act 1829: This act
states that if anyone bury or burn the alive widow or women they will be
punishable with fine or imprisonment.

Ø  The
Child Marriage Restraint Act -1929:  This act states that a girl in India
can’t marry before the age of 18 and a boy before 21. If it is found so then
brides and his family will have three months of simple imprisonment and a fine
of upto Rs. 1000/.

Ø  The
Dowry Prohibition Act – 1961:  This act
states that whoever gives or take the dowry, they will be
punished with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than five years,
and with the fine up to fifteen thousand rupees or the amount of the value of
such dowry, whichever is more: and if anyone from the bride side demand for dowry
he shall be punishable with imprisonment which shall not be
less than six months and it may extend to two years and with fine upto ten
thousand rupees.


has witnessed a drastic change in the institution of marriage, earlier women
enjoyed equal status as men, both boys and girls received same level of
education, marriage took place strictly according to the rituals, swaymvar,
exogamy and endogamy prevailed in ancient era. Love marriages were strictly
prohibited. Gradually status of women deteriorated. Many detrimental practices
started such as child marriage, purdah system, sati system evolved and widow
remarriages were not allowed. Women did not receive same level of education as
men, were restricted to do household works and  had to obey the commands of their husband.
Practice of dowry evolved in this period. The marriage was compulsory for all
the girls, divorce was rarely seen. The girls were forced to marry those men
who were 10 times older to them.

                           Gradually Indian
society is undergoing robust change due to the Internet revolution that has
exposed people to social trends evident across the world. Earlier the boys and
girls were not allowed to meet before the marriage but nowadays both partners
try to spend most of the time together before marriage. Women are becoming well
educated and they are getting financially independent. Inter caste marriage,
love marriage and love cum arrange marriages prevail in this modern society. Divorce
rates are also high in this society and law recognises that ancestral property
must be equally divided between son and daughter.

                        No matter how
effectively laws are enforced to protect the marriage issues, until and unless
the mentality and acceptance of the society undergoes a transformation , it
will be difficult to eliminate the detrimental practices of the society.


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