What is Meant by Protective Factors?Protective factors remove any risks in families and the community, they are used to increase the wellbeing and the health of the children and their families. Protective factors allows parents to find any resources and sources of support that help them have effective parenting, especially when they are under stress (Childwelfare.gov, 2018). Protective factors include the individual characteristics and capabilities of a child, such as skills, self-esteem and roles. It also includes receiving support from many people, such as foster carers, members of their family and teachers (Childwelfare.gov, 2018). Five protective factors are social and emotional competence, knowledge of parenting and child development, social connections, concrete support and resilience. Social and emotional competence is children developing a caring relationship with adults, which has an impact on the child’s development and behaviour. Knowledge of parenting and child development involves healthy parenting skills allowing a child to develop. Children benefit most when they have a balance of nurturing, rules, communication opportunities and is around someone who listens. Social connections are the families, friends and neighbours who are there for parents when they need support, advice and someone to talk to in stressful times. Concrete support allows parents to provide for their children, it is there to stop neglect when parents are unable to provide for their child. Resilience means parents are able to work alongside the stress they have in life.The Role Protective Factors Play in Supporting Children’s Development of ResilienceResilience is the attributes which enhance normal child development under the difficult conditions they may face, such as ending up in care. This means how well someone is able to manage their life and how well they can cope with change in any stressful situations.The main factor in resilience is having supportive relationships with the people within the family and community.Characteristics and capabilities of a child is a protective factor which plays a role in supporting a child’s development of resilience. Children who are seen as a lower ability are often seen as being less resilient, as they feel as though they will never get anything right so they are unwilling to try. Also, based on the characteristics, children may not have enough or any self-confidence to try if they can not achieve their goal the first time. Children who have higher self-confidence and a higher ability will have more resilience as they know they will get work right first time.If children develop caring relationships with parents and adults, such as teachers, children are able to develop resilience. This is known as social connections.They are able to do this as they have someone to receive support from, then they are more likely to cope with stressful situations well. However, if children do not have an adult or parent to turn to, then they may not know how to act when they become stressed, which would have an impact on their development and behaviour.Knowledge of parenting and child development supports a child’s development of resilience as it is important that parents understand their children and have an understanding of how they develop. If parents understand this, then children will be more resilient. When parents are not involved in a child’s life and do not respond to the child’s basic needs, they are neglectful. This leads to children not being able to develop resilience.Social and emotional competence is a protective factor that helps develop resilience. If a child is aware of people’s social opinions about them, they may try to impress them however, if they are unable to do so, they may feel embarrassed and unwilling to try again.If parents do not have access to basic items to provide for their children, then this is when they require concrete support. If this does not happen, then children will become neglected, however, if parents are offered this support they will be able to provide for their children, which will allow them to develop resilience. Concrete support plays a role in developing a child’s resilience because children can see that their parents are receiving help in difficult times, which will show the children that it is good to ask for help and support when needed.