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Why abstinence-only
sex education is ineffective to stop HIV and other STD infection?


A recent comprehensive study and evidence
conducted that Abstinence-only sex education(AOE), which is a type of sex
education that urges avoiding sex intercourse until marriage, is proven as not
an effective form of sexual education for avoiding HIV in American youth. The goal
of this type of education is stopping unwanted pregnancy and the increase of
sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
but young people are still infected by HIV and other STDs.

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Lack of Practical Conduct

There is not any proof to pursue that
abstinence-only-until-marriage methods produce the planned continuing
behavioral consequences in which they purpose – success like waiting in dating process
as well as cuts in accidental pregnancies as well as STIs. It has been
evaluated in a key study conducted by Mathematica Policy Research that four AOE
programs that were reviewed after eight years of their implementation did not
decrease teen sexuality (Trenholm et al. “Impacts of Abstinence”
272). In another study of nine AOE programs conducted by scientist Douglas
Kirby in 2008, same results were that the programs had “no overall influence
on adolescents’ delay in initiation of sex, age at initiation of sex, return to
abstinence, number of sexual partners, or condom or contraceptive use”
(Kirby 24). In addition, two things that are considered to be the goals of any
successful sexual education program, the increased knowledge of HIV and use of
protection, are found to be deficient in results.

Misconceptions and Outright Falsehood

The misleading information in abstinence sex education is very common.
The teachers try to explain and make their conclusion believable by uncertain spirituality
and also technological quotations, unproven statements and even prejudiced findings
or overall falsehoods concerning the performance of contraceptives, gender attributes,
not to mention one existence starts.

. In a further study conducted by
Mathematica Policy Research have found that regardless of the teachings to
remain abstinent, about half of all teens are sexually active by the time they
leave high school (Trenholm et al. “Impacts of Four” 61), which
further indicates the need for those youth to be educated on methods of
preventing the transmission of STDs like HIV. Condom use is a key method of
preventing the spread of HIV. Unfortunately, youth in AOE programs are not
taught this potentially life-saving information. Rather, these AEO programs
provide out-of-date information that misjudge the ability of condoms to prevent
HIV, and they are taught to believe that condoms allow the spread of HIV.

AOE could raise the possibility of STI

Surprisingly, additional current study demonstrates
abstinence-only methods could prevent contraceptive apply among sexually dynamic
teenagers, raising their danger of accidental maternity as well as STIs.

The effects of this misinformation on youth
have also been studied, and the results are disheartening. A study conducted by
Dr. Kirby found that the youth in these AOE programs have also been affected by
the misinformation they provide and youth in AOE programs were much less likely
than youth not in AOE programs to see condoms as effective at preventing STDs.
The endeavor at reducing the spread of HIV and AIDS is notably affected by deficiency
of understanding about how to effectively stop HIV. It is clearly understood to
abstain youth from having sex for as long as possible, regardless, it should
still be assured that they are properly informed and prepared about when they
should begin having sex. These programs should no longer be allowed to represent
falsified and deficient education as long as the rate of HIV infection in teens
and young adults is increasing. The failure of AOE programs at obtaining these
results should be considered reason enough to be ineffective in stopping HIV
and STDs. These programs provide very confined
education about condoms and contraceptives.



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